Koofers

Final Exam Questions/Answers - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:JB 3153 - FUND AUDIO VIDEO PROD
Subject:Journalism and Broadcasting
University:Oklahoma State University - Stillwater
Term:Spring 2010
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1. Which combination matches the basic lighting triangle? • Key, back, fill
2. What is the basic function of a key light? • To reveal the basic shape of the subject
3. What is the best way to achieve optimal back lighting? • To have the active furniture at least 6 feet away from the scenic background
4. Which is the most accurate statement relating to fill light and falloff? • The more fill you use, the slower the falloff becomes
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5. Which statement best describes high-key lighting? • The background is light and the general illumination is bright
6. If you were lighting a moonlight scene for a perfume commercial, which light technique would you most likely use? • Low-key
7. Which of these statements is the most appropriate for lighting a chroma-key background? • The lighting must be as even as possible
8. What is the best light for shooting outdoors during the day? • Overcast day or shadow area
Generated by Koofers.com
9. When mixing fluorescent and incandescent indoor lights, what needs your attention? • That their color temperatures match
10. In lighting the news set, the LD has been used to a 2:1:1 (key:back:fill) lighting When you check the monitor with the new anchor on the news set (who has black hair), it shows her blending in too much with the dark background. What do you do to improve the lighting? • Increase the back light intensity
11. What type of audio and video signals can be recorded on videotape? • Both analog and digital
12. Which statement best describes a composite video system? • It transports and records the Y and C signals together
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13. What electronic system would you recommend for extensive postproductior complex effects? • Y/color difference or RGB component
14. You are the VR operator for interview program, and the guest gives you videotape with widely dispersed shots that are to be shown during the show recording feature will guide you quickly to the opening frame of the upcoming... • SMPTE time code
15. What is the principle of intraframe compression? • Each frame is stripped of redundant pixels
16. What is the interframe compression? • The system compares each frame with the preceding one and us pixels that constitute a change
Generated by Koofers.com
17. What is the main advantage of a flash memory device? • It has no moving parts
18. What recording media is suitable for both analog and digital recording? • Videotape
19. How does the ESS system store its images? • As individual digital frames
20. Which compression systems does MPEG-2 use? • Interframe, lossy
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1. As you use a switcher to fade from black to camera 1, which switching mode do you assign the M/E buses? • Mix mode
2. Which of the following transitions requires the buses to be delegated to the wipe mode? • Horizontal split screen
3. What best describes a multifunction bus? • It can function as a mix or an effects bus
4. What switcher feature enables switcher manufactures to keep the rows of buttons to a sensible minimum without curtailing the switcher’s special-effects capacity? a. Delegation controls
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5. Assuming that a switcher is in a mix mode, how do you create a-super? a. Punch up a specific video source on bus A and another on bus B; then move the fader bar halfway between the limits of its travel.
6. If you are setting up a key and you notice that the letters of the title you are using are tearing (breaking up), what switcher control would you use to correct the image of the title so that it is clear and sharp? a. Clip or key level control
7. You already have up a name key identifying the guest. The director wants still another key identifying the name of the program. Which controls would allow you to achieve such a “double key” effect? a. Downstream keyer
8. What gel color must you use to neutralize the green background reflections on the foreground during a chroma key? a. Magenta
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9. The peel effect as transition between shots of a funeral scene is: a. Inappropriate because it breaks the viewer’s empathy
10. Posterization of the video image means that: a. The brightness steps of the image are greatly reduced
11. How does the aspect ratio of HDTV compare with that of the standard television screen? a. The HDTV aspect ratio is more horizontally stretched
12. The guarantee that the entire picture information is visible on the home screen, within what space must it be kept? a. The essential area
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13. Occasionally, a feature movie will be shown on television with black bars at the top and the bottom of the screen. Why is this done? a. To show the entire aspect ratio of the wide-screen movie on the standard TV screen
14. What is the major factor that determines the aesthetic “energy” of a color? a. Saturation
15. What is pillarboxing? a. To block the sides of a 16*9 screen to create a 4*3 aspect ratio
16. What is periaktos? a. A freestanding triangular set piece
Generated by Koofers.com
17. What is the most versatile hanging background for television production? a. Cyclorama
18. What items should a prop list contain? a. Hand props, set props, and set dressings
19. What major elements should a floor plan show? a. Scenery and major set props
20. Where in the studio is the best place to erect a small temporary interview set? a. Where you can find appropriate lighting triangles
Generated by Koofers.com
1. How should television performers visualize their audiences? a. As a small friendly group or someone they know
2. Unless told otherwise, which opening cue should you most likely take? a. Floor manager’s cue or I.F.B
3. How should you react to the floor manager’s cues? a. Follow it immediately
4. What is the main problem when the camera-mounted teleprompter is positioned too close to the talent? a. The talent’s eye movement shows on the video screen
Generated by Koofers.com
5. Which element should be avoided in on-camera clothing? a. Narrow, highly contrasting patterns
6. When being asked for an audio level, you should: a. talk with your on-air voice for as long as requested by the audio engineer
7. When the camera takes tight close ups in a single camera, film-style production, you should: a. Slow down your actions somewhat
8. How can you best remember complicated blocking? a. Establish a mental blocking map
Generated by Koofers.com
9. How can you make sure that the camera sees you during an over-the-shoulder shot sequence? a. you must see the camera lens
10. when performing in front of a chroma-key backdrop, what color clothes should you avoid? a. The color of the backdrop
11. What is the most important reason why the director should have a thorough understanding of the process message? a. To help decide on the most effective medium translation of the-script
12. What is a time line? a. It shows the times by which certain activities must be undertaken on the production day
Generated by Koofers.com
13. If in the opening sequence of a partial script, you see a large 2 followed by a large 3 on the next line, what does this indicate? a. A cut from camera 2 to camera 3
14. You are the director of a complex studio show; which of the following is a duty you would normally assign to the AD? a. Presetting shots and keeping time
15. What does “locking in” mean in relation to script analysis? a. Visualizing or mentally hearing a particularly vivid action
16. What does a normal storyboard show? a. Key visualization points and audio information
Generated by Koofers.com
17. What are the major advantages of a storyboard? a. It is helpful for visualization and sequencing of shots
18. What is a facilities request? a. A list that contains all technical facilities needed for a production
19. What is essential for the director to convey during a script reading? a. Process message
20. What is the locking-in point? a. An especially vivid mental image that might be triggered by the script reading
Generated by Koofers.com
1. What is the preferred procedure for blocking talent? a. Block as much as possible according to natural movements by the performers
2. For which type of production would a technical walk-through be most important? a. Field production of a rock concert with dancers
3. The novice director begins the video-recording of a simple interview show with the following cues: “Ready C.G. Slate”; Take C.G.—read slate”; “Fade to black”; “Ready to come up on 1, ready to cue Paula”; “Open mic, cue Paula, fade in 1. “What is the major mistake in this opening sequence? a. Failed to call for a video-recorder roll
4. In directing a show, how should you refer to talent and camera operators? a. Talent by name, camera operators by number
Generated by Koofers.com
5. Which activity is especially important when direction an EFP? a. Talent and technical walk-through
6. You are directing a live interview program that is logged to begin at 2:59:38 and end at 3:28:09. The standard taped opening is 0:19, and the standard taped close is 0:46. At what time would you give the host the two-minutes-to-closing cue? a. 3:25:23
7. According to the program log, one news segment must last exactly 9:09. The following are the lengths of stories proposed for inclusion in this segment. Are the stories, taken together, over or under the specified time, or are they exactly the correct length? If over or under, by how much? Lengths of stories: 0:23,-0:41, 1:02, 0:59, 0:16, 2:18, 0:40, 0:29, 1:18, 1:06 a. Over by three seconds
8. Which of the following is normally the most effective way the director can communicate with the entire crew on production day? a. Via a brief production meeting
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9. You (the videographer) and the field reporter are covering a demonstration at the federal building; which type of field production are you most likely doing? a. ENG
10. What is the major difference between ENG and EFP? a. ENG is geared toward immediate response
11. As part of a medical series, you are covering for postproduction the first operation involving a new technique for implanting an artificial hip. As a producer, which production method would you suggest? a. Two-iso camera EFP
12. Your equipment check for a complex EFP of a dramatic scene inside an old Victorian house reveals that you have only one AC extension cord. The new lighting assistant tells you not to worry because he has a large, multi-outlet strip connected to the AC cord. What should you do? a. Insist on bringing an ample supply of extension cords
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13. The producer tells you that she is not sure when the gates will be open for your upcoming big remote covering the inauguration of the new museum. Whom should you (the director) call to make certain that crew will not find locked gates on arrival? a. Contact person
14. The big lives sports remote calls for frequent name identification and statistics of players. Which piece of equipment do you need in the truck? a. C.G
15. Because the director cannot leave the remote truck during production, which crew member assumes even greater importance than in a studio production? a. Floor manager
16. Which production method needs the least sophisticated communication system? a. Single-camera EFP
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17. Which of the following is an advantage of Ku-band satellite transmission over C-band satellite transmission? a. Ku-band up- and downlinks are more mobile
18. If the cable run proves too long for connecting the key camera with the remote truck, how could you get the camera’s signal to the truck relatively easily? a. By microwave mini-link
19. What is a package? a. All the above (A pre-produced television news story narrated by the reporter, contains reporter voice track covered by video, sound bites from sources, and usually a reporter standup, anchor introduction, SOT, anchor tag)
20. When editing video –digital or analog- you should always lay down your video before your audio. False
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1. What is a main advantage of a nonlinear editing system? a. You can call up instantly a single frame through random access and display it next to another one
2. What is the most accurate way to match video to an existing audio track? a. Use time code
3. When having to be frame-accurate for a CU lip-sync sequence, you need to record in what mode? a. Non-drop frame
4. The vector column in a VR log will help you: a. Spot the major vector direction within a shot
Generated by Koofers.com
5. What does audio transcription refer to? a. Writing down each spoken word on the sound track
6. Which of the following is an advantage of assemble editing over insert editing? a. It does not require the prior laying of a control track on the edit master tape
7. The pulse-count system might be more advantageous than the time code system for which analog editing assignment? a. ENG footage of an accident
8. Why must you use the insert edit mode when adding video to an existing audio track in analog editing? a. You can edit the video and audio tracks independently
Generated by Koofers.com
9. What is a window dub? a. A video recording with each frame displaying its time code number
10. Why don’t we have to change to the insert mode when inserting a new shot series in the middle of a nonlinear edit? a. Because there is no such option in nonlinear editing
11. Which combination contains some of the continuity requirements? a. Sound, position, motion
12. What does a mental map tell us? a. Where things are supposed to be in on- and off-screen space
Generated by Koofers.com
13. How do vectors help establish a mental map? a. They represent principal on- and off-screen directions
14. What happens when the camera shoot from both sides of the motion vector line? a. The object will be shown moving in opposite directions
15. Which continuity principle is disrupted when video-recording a couple standing side-by-side from behind in shot 1 and with the camera facing them in shot 2? a. Position continuity
16. What is a vector line? a. A virtual line established by two people facing each other or an extension of an object motion
Generated by Koofers.com
17. What is one of the primary function of complexity editing? a. To intensify a scene
18. What is a collision montage? a. A shot series that clashes opposite events to generate to reinforce a basic idea
19. What is the major criterion for continuity editing? a. The shots must connect seamlessly
20. Which of the following would be a violation of the ethics of editing? a. Cutting the second part of a senator’s statement that started with “however”
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 1. Which combination matches the basic lighting triangle?• Key, back, fill
 2. What is the basic function of a key light?• To reveal the basic shape of the subject
 3. What is the best way to achieve optimal back lighting?• To have the active furniture at least 6 feet away from the scenic background
 4. Which is the most accurate statement relating to fill light and falloff?• The more fill you use, the slower the falloff becomes
 5. Which statement best describes high-key lighting?• The background is light and the general illumination is bright
 6. If you were lighting a moonlight scene for a perfume commercial, which light technique would you most likely use?• Low-key
 7. Which of these statements is the most appropriate for lighting a chroma-key background?• The lighting must be as even as possible
 8. What is the best light for shooting outdoors during the day?• Overcast day or shadow area
 9. When mixing fluorescent and incandescent indoor lights, what needs your attention?• That their color temperatures match
 10. In lighting the news set, the LD has been used to a 2:1:1 (key:back:fill) lighting When you check the monitor with the new anchor on the news set (who has black hair), it shows her blending in too much with the dark background. What do you do to improve the lighting?• Increase the back light intensity
 11. What type of audio and video signals can be recorded on videotape?• Both analog and digital
 12. Which statement best describes a composite video system?• It transports and records the Y and C signals together
 13. What electronic system would you recommend for extensive postproductior complex effects?• Y/color difference or RGB component
 14. You are the VR operator for interview program, and the guest gives you videotape with widely dispersed shots that are to be shown during the show recording feature will guide you quickly to the opening frame of the upcoming...• SMPTE time code
 15. What is the principle of intraframe compression?• Each frame is stripped of redundant pixels
 16. What is the interframe compression?• The system compares each frame with the preceding one and us pixels that constitute a change
 17. What is the main advantage of a flash memory device?• It has no moving parts
 18. What recording media is suitable for both analog and digital recording?• Videotape
 19. How does the ESS system store its images?• As individual digital frames
 20. Which compression systems does MPEG-2 use?• Interframe, lossy
 1. As you use a switcher to fade from black to camera 1, which switching mode do you assign the M/E buses?• Mix mode
 2. Which of the following transitions requires the buses to be delegated to the wipe mode?• Horizontal split screen
 3. What best describes a multifunction bus?• It can function as a mix or an effects bus
 4. What switcher feature enables switcher manufactures to keep the rows of buttons to a sensible minimum without curtailing the switcher’s special-effects capacity?a. Delegation controls
 5. Assuming that a switcher is in a mix mode, how do you create a-super?a. Punch up a specific video source on bus A and another on bus B; then move the fader bar halfway between the limits of its travel.
 6. If you are setting up a key and you notice that the letters of the title you are using are tearing (breaking up), what switcher control would you use to correct the image of the title so that it is clear and sharp?a. Clip or key level control
 7. You already have up a name key identifying the guest. The director wants still another key identifying the name of the program. Which controls would allow you to achieve such a “double key” effect?a. Downstream keyer
 8. What gel color must you use to neutralize the green background reflections on the foreground during a chroma key?a. Magenta
 9. The peel effect as transition between shots of a funeral scene is:a. Inappropriate because it breaks the viewer’s empathy
 10. Posterization of the video image means that:a. The brightness steps of the image are greatly reduced
 11. How does the aspect ratio of HDTV compare with that of the standard television screen?a. The HDTV aspect ratio is more horizontally stretched
 12. The guarantee that the entire picture information is visible on the home screen, within what space must it be kept?a. The essential area
 13. Occasionally, a feature movie will be shown on television with black bars at the top and the bottom of the screen. Why is this done?a. To show the entire aspect ratio of the wide-screen movie on the standard TV screen
 14. What is the major factor that determines the aesthetic “energy” of a color?a. Saturation
 15. What is pillarboxing?a. To block the sides of a 16*9 screen to create a 4*3 aspect ratio
 16. What is periaktos?a. A freestanding triangular set piece
 17. What is the most versatile hanging background for television production?a. Cyclorama
 18. What items should a prop list contain?a. Hand props, set props, and set dressings
 19. What major elements should a floor plan show?a. Scenery and major set props
 20. Where in the studio is the best place to erect a small temporary interview set?a. Where you can find appropriate lighting triangles
 1. How should television performers visualize their audiences?a. As a small friendly group or someone they know
 2. Unless told otherwise, which opening cue should you most likely take?a. Floor manager’s cue or I.F.B
 3. How should you react to the floor manager’s cues?a. Follow it immediately
 4. What is the main problem when the camera-mounted teleprompter is positioned too close to the talent?a. The talent’s eye movement shows on the video screen
 5. Which element should be avoided in on-camera clothing?a. Narrow, highly contrasting patterns
 6. When being asked for an audio level, you should:a. talk with your on-air voice for as long as requested by the audio engineer
 7. When the camera takes tight close ups in a single camera, film-style production, you should:a. Slow down your actions somewhat
 8. How can you best remember complicated blocking?a. Establish a mental blocking map
 9. How can you make sure that the camera sees you during an over-the-shoulder shot sequence?a. you must see the camera lens
 10. when performing in front of a chroma-key backdrop, what color clothes should you avoid?a. The color of the backdrop
 11. What is the most important reason why the director should have a thorough understanding of the process message?a. To help decide on the most effective medium translation of the-script
 12. What is a time line?a. It shows the times by which certain activities must be undertaken on the production day
 13. If in the opening sequence of a partial script, you see a large 2 followed by a large 3 on the next line, what does this indicate?a. A cut from camera 2 to camera 3
 14. You are the director of a complex studio show; which of the following is a duty you would normally assign to the AD?a. Presetting shots and keeping time
 15. What does “locking in” mean in relation to script analysis?a. Visualizing or mentally hearing a particularly vivid action
 16. What does a normal storyboard show?a. Key visualization points and audio information
 17. What are the major advantages of a storyboard?a. It is helpful for visualization and sequencing of shots
 18. What is a facilities request?a. A list that contains all technical facilities needed for a production
 19. What is essential for the director to convey during a script reading?a. Process message
 20. What is the locking-in point?a. An especially vivid mental image that might be triggered by the script reading
 1. What is the preferred procedure for blocking talent?a. Block as much as possible according to natural movements by the performers
 2. For which type of production would a technical walk-through be most important?a. Field production of a rock concert with dancers
 3. The novice director begins the video-recording of a simple interview show with the following cues: “Ready C.G. Slate”; Take C.G.—read slate”; “Fade to black”; “Ready to come up on 1, ready to cue Paula”; “Open mic, cue Paula, fade in 1. “What is the major mistake in this opening sequence?a. Failed to call for a video-recorder roll
 4. In directing a show, how should you refer to talent and camera operators?a. Talent by name, camera operators by number
 5. Which activity is especially important when direction an EFP?a. Talent and technical walk-through
 6. You are directing a live interview program that is logged to begin at 2:59:38 and end at 3:28:09. The standard taped opening is 0:19, and the standard taped close is 0:46. At what time would you give the host the two-minutes-to-closing cue?a. 3:25:23
 7. According to the program log, one news segment must last exactly 9:09. The following are the lengths of stories proposed for inclusion in this segment. Are the stories, taken together, over or under the specified time, or are they exactly the correct length? If over or under, by how much? Lengths of stories: 0:23,-0:41, 1:02, 0:59, 0:16, 2:18, 0:40, 0:29, 1:18, 1:06a. Over by three seconds
 8. Which of the following is normally the most effective way the director can communicate with the entire crew on production day?a. Via a brief production meeting
 9. You (the videographer) and the field reporter are covering a demonstration at the federal building; which type of field production are you most likely doing?a. ENG
 10. What is the major difference between ENG and EFP?a. ENG is geared toward immediate response
 11. As part of a medical series, you are covering for postproduction the first operation involving a new technique for implanting an artificial hip. As a producer, which production method would you suggest?a. Two-iso camera EFP
 12. Your equipment check for a complex EFP of a dramatic scene inside an old Victorian house reveals that you have only one AC extension cord. The new lighting assistant tells you not to worry because he has a large, multi-outlet strip connected to the AC cord. What should you do?a. Insist on bringing an ample supply of extension cords
 13. The producer tells you that she is not sure when the gates will be open for your upcoming big remote covering the inauguration of the new museum. Whom should you (the director) call to make certain that crew will not find locked gates on arrival?a. Contact person
 14. The big lives sports remote calls for frequent name identification and statistics of players. Which piece of equipment do you need in the truck?a. C.G
 15. Because the director cannot leave the remote truck during production, which crew member assumes even greater importance than in a studio production?a. Floor manager
 16. Which production method needs the least sophisticated communication system?a. Single-camera EFP
 17. Which of the following is an advantage of Ku-band satellite transmission over C-band satellite transmission?a. Ku-band up- and downlinks are more mobile
 18. If the cable run proves too long for connecting the key camera with the remote truck, how could you get the camera’s signal to the truck relatively easily?a. By microwave mini-link
 19. What is a package?a. All the above
(A pre-produced television news story narrated by the reporter, contains reporter voice track covered by video, sound bites from sources, and usually a reporter standup, anchor introduction, SOT, anchor tag)
 20. When editing video –digital or analog- you should always lay down your video before your audio.False
 1. What is a main advantage of a nonlinear editing system?a. You can call up instantly a single frame through random access and display it next to another one
 2. What is the most accurate way to match video to an existing audio track?a. Use time code
 3. When having to be frame-accurate for a CU lip-sync sequence, you need to record in what mode?a. Non-drop frame
 4. The vector column in a VR log will help you:a. Spot the major vector direction within a shot
 5. What does audio transcription refer to?a. Writing down each spoken word on the sound track
 6. Which of the following is an advantage of assemble editing over insert editing?a. It does not require the prior laying of a control track on the edit master tape
 7. The pulse-count system might be more advantageous than the time code system for which analog editing assignment?a. ENG footage of an accident
 8. Why must you use the insert edit mode when adding video to an existing audio track in analog editing?a. You can edit the video and audio tracks independently
 9. What is a window dub?a. A video recording with each frame displaying its time code number
 10. Why don’t we have to change to the insert mode when inserting a new shot series in the middle of a nonlinear edit?a. Because there is no such option in nonlinear editing
 11. Which combination contains some of the continuity requirements?a. Sound, position, motion
 12. What does a mental map tell us?a. Where things are supposed to be in on- and off-screen space
 13. How do vectors help establish a mental map?a. They represent principal on- and off-screen directions
 14. What happens when the camera shoot from both sides of the motion vector line?a. The object will be shown moving in opposite directions
 15. Which continuity principle is disrupted when video-recording a couple standing side-by-side from behind in shot 1 and with the camera facing them in shot 2?a. Position continuity
 16. What is a vector line?a. A virtual line established by two people facing each other or an extension of an object motion
 17. What is one of the primary function of complexity editing?a. To intensify a scene
 18. What is a collision montage?a. A shot series that clashes opposite events to generate to reinforce a basic idea
 19. What is the major criterion for continuity editing?a. The shots must connect seamlessly
 20. Which of the following would be a violation of the ethics of editing?a. Cutting the second part of a senator’s statement that started with “however”
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