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Class:LB 270 - Medical Terminology
Subject:Lyman Briggs College
University:Michigan State University
Term:Fall 2012
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angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o arteries
athero/o plaque
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brady- slow
cardi/o heart
coron/o coronary, crown, heart
-emia blood condition
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erythr/o red
hem/o, hemat/o blood
leuk/o white
phleb/o veins
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tachy- rapid
thromb/o clot
ven/o veins
aneurysm A localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery. 
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aneurysmectomy Surgical removal of an aneurysm. 
aneurysmorrhaphy To suture an aneurysm. 
angiitis Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel; also known as vasculitis. 
angina  is severe episodes of spasmodic choking or suffocating chest pain. This is usually due to interference with, but not complete blockage of, the supply of oxygen to the myocardium.
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angiocardiography A radiographic study using x-rays and contrast medium to visualize the dimensions of the heart and large blood vessels. 
angiography A radiographic study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium. 
angionecrosis Death of the walls of blood vessels. 
angiostenosis Abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel. 
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antiarrhythmic Medication administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat. 
anticoagulant Medication administered to slow blood clotting and to prevent new clots from forming; also known as a thrombolytic. 
antihypertensive Medication administered to lower high blood pressure. 
aplastic anemia A marked absence of all formed blood elements. 
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arteriosclerosis Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries. 
arteritis Inflammation of an artery or arteries. 
atherectomy Surgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery. 
atheroma Fatty deposit within the wall of an artery. 
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atherosclerosis Hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaques. 
basophils  which are formed in red bone marrow, promote the inflammatory response. An elevated basophil count may indicate an allergic condition.
bradycardia An abnormally slow heartbeat. 
cardiac catheterization Placement of a catheter through a vein or artery and into the heart.
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cholesterol Lipids that travel in the blood in packages called lipoproteins. 
defibrillation The use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm; also known as cardioversion. 
diastolic which occurs when the ventricles are relaxed, is the lowest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels.
dyscrasia Any abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood. 
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echocardiography An ultrasonic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the structures and motion of the heart. 
electrocardiogram A record of the electrical activity of the myocardium. 
embolism Blockage of a vessel by an embolus. 
embolus A foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor that is circulating in the blood. 
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endarterectomy Surgical removal of the lining of an artery that is clogged with plaque. 
endocarditis Inflammation of the inner layer of the heart. 
eosinophils which are formed in red bone marrow, increase in response to allergic reactions. An elevated eosinophil count indicates an allergic condition.
erythrocytes Mature red blood cells. 
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fibrillation Rapid, random, and ineffective contractions of the heart. 
hemangioma A benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels. 
hemochromatosis A genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron and the excess accumulates in organs; also known as iron-overload disease. 
hemoglobin which is the iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes, transports oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body.
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hemolytic anemia A condition in which red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can replace them. 
hemostasis To control bleeding. 
homocysteine An amino acid normally found in the blood and used by the body to build and maintain tissues. 
hypoperfusion A deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part. 
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ischemia Deficiency in blood supply due to either the constriction or the obstruction of a blood vessel. 
leukemia A malignancy characterized by a progressive increase of abnormal leukocytes. 
leukocytes also known as white blood cells or WBCs, protect the body against harmful invaders such as bacteria. The following are the major groups of leukocytes.
leukopenia An abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells. 
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lymphocytes are formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen. These cells have an important role in protecting the body against disease.
megaloblastic anemia A form of anemia in which the bone marrow produces abnormal large red blood cells known as megaloblasts. 
monocytes are formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen. They also are important in protecting against disease and an elevated monocyte count usually indicates a chronic infection.
myocardial infarction Occlusion of a coronary artery resulting in an infarct of the affected myocardium; also known as a heart attack. 
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myocarditis Inflammation of the myocardium. 
neutrophils which are formed in red bone marrow, are the most prevalent type of WBC. These cells fight infection by phagocytosis. Phagocytosis (fag-oh-sigh-TOH-sis) is the process of engulfing and swallowing germs. An elevated neutrophil count indicates a bacterial infection.
palpitation A pounding or racing heart. 
pericarditis Inflammation of the pericardium. 
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pernicious anemia An autoimmune disorder that results in the inability of the body to absorb vitamin B12 normally. 
phlebitis Inflammation of a vein or veins. 
plaque A solid raised area of skin that is different from the area around it and greater than 0.5 cm in diameter; a fatty deposit within a blood vessel. 
polyarteritis Inflammation involving several arteries. 
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Raynaud's Intermittent attacks of pallor, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes. 
septicemia The presence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in the blood; also known as blood poisoning. 
systolic which occurs when the ventricles contract, is the highest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels.
tachycardia An abnormally fast heartbeat. 
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thrombocytes also known as platelets, are the smallest formed elements of the blood. They are not cells, but are fragments of specialized large bone marrow cells known as megakaryocytes.
thrombocytopenia An abnormal decrease in the number of platelets; also known as thrombopenia. 
thrombolytic Medication administered to slow blood clotting and to prevent new clots from forming; also known as an anticoagulant. 
thrombosis An abnormal condition in which a thrombus develops within a blood vessel. 
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thrombus A blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery. 
triglycerides Combinations of fatty acids attached to glycerol that are also found normally in the blood in limited quantities. 
valvoplasty Surgical repair or replacement of a heart valve; also known as valvuloplasty. 
valvulitis Inflammation of a heart valve. 
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valvuloplasty Surgical repair or replacement of a heart valve; also known as valvoplasty. 
varicose veins Abnormally swollen veins. 
vasculitis Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel; also known as angiitis and vasculitis. 
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 angi/ovessel
 aort/oaorta
 arteri/oarteries
 athero/oplaque
 brady-slow
 cardi/oheart
 coron/ocoronary, crown, heart
 -emiablood condition
 erythr/ored
 hem/o, hemat/oblood
 leuk/owhite
 phleb/oveins
 tachy-rapid
 thromb/oclot
 ven/oveins
 aneurysmA localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery. 
 aneurysmectomySurgical removal of an aneurysm. 
 aneurysmorrhaphyTo suture an aneurysm. 
 angiitisInflammation of a blood or lymph vessel; also known as vasculitis. 
 angina is severe episodes of spasmodic choking or suffocating chest pain. This is usually due to interference with, but not complete blockage of, the supply of oxygen to the myocardium.
 angiocardiographyA radiographic study using x-rays and contrast medium to visualize the dimensions of the heart and large blood vessels. 
 angiographyA radiographic study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium. 
 angionecrosisDeath of the walls of blood vessels. 
 angiostenosisAbnormal narrowing of a blood vessel. 
 antiarrhythmicMedication administered to control irregularities of the heartbeat. 
 anticoagulantMedication administered to slow blood clotting and to prevent new clots from forming; also known as a thrombolytic. 
 antihypertensiveMedication administered to lower high blood pressure. 
 aplastic anemiaA marked absence of all formed blood elements. 
 arteriosclerosisAbnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries. 
 arteritisInflammation of an artery or arteries. 
 atherectomySurgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery. 
 atheromaFatty deposit within the wall of an artery. 
 atherosclerosisHardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaques. 
 basophils which are formed in red bone marrow, promote the inflammatory response. An elevated basophil count may indicate an allergic condition.
 bradycardiaAn abnormally slow heartbeat. 
 cardiac catheterizationPlacement of a catheter through a vein or artery and into the heart.
 cholesterolLipids that travel in the blood in packages called lipoproteins. 
 defibrillationThe use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm; also known as cardioversion. 
 diastolicwhich occurs when the ventricles are relaxed, is the lowest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels.
 dyscrasiaAny abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood. 
 echocardiographyAn ultrasonic diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the structures and motion of the heart. 
 electrocardiogramA record of the electrical activity of the myocardium. 
 embolismBlockage of a vessel by an embolus. 
 embolusA foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor that is circulating in the blood. 
 endarterectomySurgical removal of the lining of an artery that is clogged with plaque. 
 endocarditisInflammation of the inner layer of the heart. 
 eosinophilswhich are formed in red bone marrow, increase in response to allergic reactions. An elevated eosinophil count indicates an allergic condition.
 erythrocytesMature red blood cells. 
 fibrillationRapid, random, and ineffective contractions of the heart. 
 hemangiomaA benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels. 
 hemochromatosisA genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron and the excess accumulates in organs; also known as iron-overload disease. 
 hemoglobinwhich is the iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes, transports oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body.
 hemolytic anemiaA condition in which red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can replace them. 
 hemostasisTo control bleeding. 
 homocysteineAn amino acid normally found in the blood and used by the body to build and maintain tissues. 
 hypoperfusionA deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part. 
 ischemiaDeficiency in blood supply due to either the constriction or the obstruction of a blood vessel. 
 leukemiaA malignancy characterized by a progressive increase of abnormal leukocytes. 
 leukocytesalso known as white blood cells or WBCs, protect the body against harmful invaders such as bacteria. The following are the major groups of leukocytes.
 leukopeniaAn abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells. 
 lymphocytesare formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen. These cells have an important role in protecting the body against disease.
 megaloblastic anemiaA form of anemia in which the bone marrow produces abnormal large red blood cells known as megaloblasts. 
 monocytesare formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen. They also are important in protecting against disease and an elevated monocyte count usually indicates a chronic infection.
 myocardial infarctionOcclusion of a coronary artery resulting in an infarct of the affected myocardium; also known as a heart attack. 
 myocarditisInflammation of the myocardium. 
 neutrophilswhich are formed in red bone marrow, are the most prevalent type of WBC. These cells fight infection by phagocytosis. Phagocytosis (fag-oh-sigh-TOH-sis) is the process of engulfing and swallowing germs. An elevated neutrophil count indicates a bacterial infection.
 palpitationA pounding or racing heart. 
 pericarditisInflammation of the pericardium. 
 pernicious anemiaAn autoimmune disorder that results in the inability of the body to absorb vitamin B12 normally. 
 phlebitisInflammation of a vein or veins. 
 plaqueA solid raised area of skin that is different from the area around it and greater than 0.5 cm in diameter; a fatty deposit within a blood vessel. 
 polyarteritisInflammation involving several arteries. 
 Raynaud'sIntermittent attacks of pallor, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes. 
 septicemiaThe presence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in the blood; also known as blood poisoning. 
 systolicwhich occurs when the ventricles contract, is the highest pressure against the walls of the blood vessels.
 tachycardiaAn abnormally fast heartbeat. 
 thrombocytesalso known as platelets, are the smallest formed elements of the blood. They are not cells, but are fragments of specialized large bone marrow cells known as megakaryocytes.
 thrombocytopeniaAn abnormal decrease in the number of platelets; also known as thrombopenia. 
 thrombolyticMedication administered to slow blood clotting and to prevent new clots from forming; also known as an anticoagulant. 
 thrombosisAn abnormal condition in which a thrombus develops within a blood vessel. 
 thrombusA blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery. 
 triglyceridesCombinations of fatty acids attached to glycerol that are also found normally in the blood in limited quantities. 
 valvoplastySurgical repair or replacement of a heart valve; also known as valvuloplasty. 
 valvulitisInflammation of a heart valve. 
 valvuloplastySurgical repair or replacement of a heart valve; also known as valvoplasty. 
 varicose veinsAbnormally swollen veins. 
 vasculitisInflammation of a blood or lymph vessel; also known as angiitis and vasculitis. 
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