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Media Ethics - Flashcards

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Class:MC 2000 - INTR TO MASS MEDIA
Subject:Mass Communication
University:Louisiana State University
Term:Fall 2009
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Absolutist Ethics Position from which there is a clear-cut right or wrong response for every ethical decision
Accountability The obligation to take responsibility, or account for, the consequences of one's actions. In media ethics, accountability involves the questions of who controls media practitioners and who has the power to punish them for ethical lapses.
Blacklisting The practice of keeping a particular type of person from working in media and other industries.
Categorical Imperative the ethical guideline to look for principles that will hold true in all situations
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Checkbook Journalism paying news sources for their stories
Citizens' Groups Associations made up of members of the public to exert influence, such as on the media
Conflict of Interest Clash that occurs when an outside activity influences what a media professional does
Enlightened Self-Interest theory that holds that doing what is right for yourself will probably be right for others
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Ethical Codes lists of guidelines issued by professional associations
Ethics the study of guidelines that help people determine right from wrong in their voluntary conduct
Golden Mean Aristotle's term for describing ethical behavior as a midpoint between extremes
Hoaxes purposeful deceptions of the public
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Machiavellian Ethics the idea that the end justifies the means
Media Circus chaos that results when crowds of journalists descend on the scene of a news event
news councils independent agencies whose mission is to objectively monitor media performance
Objectivity Writing style that separates fact from opinion; description according to the characteristics of the thing being described rather than feelings of the one describing it.
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Ombudsperson staff member whose job it is to oversee media employees' ethical behavior
Pool Cameras One camera crew shared by several TV news organizations
Prescriptive Codes Guidelines that stipulate specific behaviors to be followed
Proscriptive Codes Guidelines that stress the things that should not be done
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Relativistic Ethics Another name for situation ethics
Situation Ethics Principle that ethical choices can be made according to the situation, without rigid adherence to set rules
Standards and Practices Departments Departments at television networks that oversee the ethics of their programming
Stereotyping representing a member of a group by using oversimplified characteristics
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Two-source rule common newspaper rule stating that nothing should be published as fact unless at least two sources confirm it
Utilitarian Principles John Stuart Mill's idea that actions are ethical only if they result in the greatest good for the most people
Veil of Ignorance John Rawl's term associated with the idea that ethical behavior is possible only if everyone is treated equally
Yellow Journalism A style of reporting characterized by unprecedented sensationalism; it reached its peak in the Hearst-Pulitzer circulation wars of the 1890s
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Canons of Journalism Published in 1923 by the American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE) and outlined the need for fair and impartial reporting
Motion Picture Code of 1930 specifically limited the sex and violence that could be portrayed in movies. this was a precursor to today's movie rating system.
NAB Code In 1929 the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) established a code of ethics that limited sex and violence in programs and banned commercials directed at children. The NAB Code was found to be in violation of antitrust laws and was abandoned in 1983.
Payola the practice of record promoters paying DJs to play their songs, was both an ethical and legal scandal in the radio and recording industries
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"Pump and Dump" Occurs when broadcast analysts buy a stock, talk about it on the air and then sell it as soon as the price goes up
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 Absolutist EthicsPosition from which there is a clear-cut right or wrong response for every ethical decision
 AccountabilityThe obligation to take responsibility, or account for, the consequences of one's actions. In media ethics, accountability involves the questions of who controls media practitioners and who has the power to punish them for ethical lapses.
 BlacklistingThe practice of keeping a particular type of person from working in media and other industries.
 Categorical Imperativethe ethical guideline to look for principles that will hold true in all situations
 Checkbook Journalismpaying news sources for their stories
 Citizens' GroupsAssociations made up of members of the public to exert influence, such as on the media
 Conflict of InterestClash that occurs when an outside activity influences what a media professional does
 Enlightened Self-Interesttheory that holds that doing what is right for yourself will probably be right for others
 Ethical Codeslists of guidelines issued by professional associations
 Ethicsthe study of guidelines that help people determine right from wrong in their voluntary conduct
 Golden MeanAristotle's term for describing ethical behavior as a midpoint between extremes
 Hoaxespurposeful deceptions of the public
 Machiavellian Ethicsthe idea that the end justifies the means
 Media Circuschaos that results when crowds of journalists descend on the scene of a news event
 news councilsindependent agencies whose mission is to objectively monitor media performance
 ObjectivityWriting style that separates fact from opinion; description according to the characteristics of the thing being described rather than feelings of the one describing it.
 Ombudspersonstaff member whose job it is to oversee media employees' ethical behavior
 Pool CamerasOne camera crew shared by several TV news organizations
 Prescriptive CodesGuidelines that stipulate specific behaviors to be followed
 Proscriptive CodesGuidelines that stress the things that should not be done
 Relativistic EthicsAnother name for situation ethics
 Situation EthicsPrinciple that ethical choices can be made according to the situation, without rigid adherence to set rules
 Standards and Practices DepartmentsDepartments at television networks that oversee the ethics of their programming
 Stereotypingrepresenting a member of a group by using oversimplified characteristics
 Two-source rulecommon newspaper rule stating that nothing should be published as fact unless at least two sources confirm it
 Utilitarian PrinciplesJohn Stuart Mill's idea that actions are ethical only if they result in the greatest good for the most people
 Veil of IgnoranceJohn Rawl's term associated with the idea that ethical behavior is possible only if everyone is treated equally
 Yellow JournalismA style of reporting characterized by unprecedented sensationalism; it reached its peak in the Hearst-Pulitzer circulation wars of the 1890s
 Canons of JournalismPublished in 1923 by the American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE) and outlined the need for fair and impartial reporting
 Motion Picture Code of 1930specifically limited the sex and violence that could be portrayed in movies. this was a precursor to today's movie rating system.
 NAB CodeIn 1929 the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) established a code of ethics that limited sex and violence in programs and banned commercials directed at children. The NAB Code was found to be in violation of antitrust laws and was abandoned in 1983.
 Payolathe practice of record promoters paying DJs to play their songs, was both an ethical and legal scandal in the radio and recording industries
 "Pump and Dump"Occurs when broadcast analysts buy a stock, talk about it on the air and then sell it as soon as the price goes up
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