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Test 1 - Flashcards

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Class:MUNM 287 - The History of Rock Music
Subject:Music for Non-Majors
University:University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Term:Spring 2013
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Tin Pan Alley Defined popular music in pre-rock and roll era. "Click Clack" sound.
Bing Crosby Crooner, pop singer, radio and film star.

White Christmas - largest selling song with 30 million + copies
Frank Sinatra 1st pop singer to create personal vocal style; macho/womanizer
Swing Era Big band jazz is dominant pop music in this time.
Dance fads, clothing style, slang.
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Benny Goodman 1st star of swing era
"Let's dance" radio program
Race Music Hillbilly Music Another name for:
R&B
Country
Post-war transitional years
Pat Boone
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Pat Boone
Drop during Great Depression Rebound during Swing Era Records sales in 1920-1954
Acoustical Process Process in which a certain horn captured and transferred sound vibrations to a stylus that cut grooves onto a wax disk.

No microphones. No electricity.
Editing possible Tape is cheap Longer recording times Advantages in magnetic tape recording
Generated by Koofers.com
Album Single Introduced by Colombia in 1948. 33-1/3 rpm. SLOW.
Introduced by RCA in 1949. 45 rpm.
-Colombia, RCA Victor, Decca, Capital -Chess, Atlantic, Sun Major Label Companies:
Independent Label Companies:
Billboard Magazine Most reliable source for charting record sales
Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) Certifies gold, platinum and diamond standards
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Gold Platinum Diamond 500,000 units sold
One million units sold
Ten million units sold
KDKA in Pittsburgh First commercial radio station
Black and White Stations 1950's radio
Alan Freed Who was the most famous and influential white DJ?
Played R&B as a white DJ
"Moondog House Rock and Roll Party"
"Mr. Rock and Roll"
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Todd Storz Who was the brainchild of Top 40?
Tried first in Omaha, NE
Mississippi Delta Birthplace of the blues
Country Blues Earliest form of blues with a solo male singer and his guitar
First two lines are the same What is AAB lyric form?
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Classic Blues First commercially sold blues recordings. Female vocalists with small group backing.
Bessie Smith Empress of the Blues
Robert Johnson Sound of Delta Blues Who sing Cross Road Blues?
Vocalist and guitarist

Covers by Cream, The Doors and Van Halen
Jazz What music influenced rock music?
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Melisma Singing style common in gospel. Elongate words. (Mariah Carey)
Rhythm & Blues Faster, danceable electric blues
Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five Who sang Choo Choo Ch'Boogie?

Jump band.
18 weeks on charts.
Doo-Wop Cars or Birds A capella group vocal style that incorporates high falsetto vocal leads, scat singing, rhythmic vocal backings, and sometimes lead vocals or spoken verse by the bass player.

Groups often named after...?
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Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers Who sings "Why Do Fools Fall In Love"?
British Folk Traditional Origin of traditional rural music
Hillbilly music
Acoustic
Bristol Sessions First important country music recordings made in Bristol, TN by Ralph Peer.

Carter Family, Jimmie Rodgers (Father of Country Music)
Jimmie Rodgers Who sings Blue Yodel #1?

RCA Victor
Blues and Yodels made him popular with blacks AND whites
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Grand Ole Opry Radio program that began broadcasting on WSM Nashville.

AKA National Barn Dance
Cowboy Songs Music used in westerns
Western Swing Jazz-influenced country popular during Swing Era
Bluegrass Virtuoso jazz influenced update of hillbilly music invented by Bill Monroe
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Honky-Tonk Country songs about drinking and hard livin'.
Electric instruments and drums.
Hank Williams Who sings "Your Cheatin Heart"?

This song defines country music and honky-tonk

"Hillbilly Shakespeare"
Personified honky-tonk
Targets of mass marketing Adults sense lack of authority Role models: James Dean, Marlon Brando Teens in post-war america
Consumer goods=necessities Advances in computer science, medicine, space travel TV Dependence on automobiles Changes in post-war america
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Bill Haley Leader of country-turned R&B band "The Saddlemen"

First rock and roll band
Sam Phillips Entrepreneur and motivator.
Sun Records
Defines sound of rockabilly
Rockabilly First style of rock and roll (merging country and R&B)
Fast temps and jumping, nervous beat
Slap bass
Single vocalist - hiccuping and heavy echo
Jackie Brenston and His Delta Cats Who sings "Rocket 88"?

Produced by Sam Phillips
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Discovered by Sam Phillips Country group with Scotty Moore (guitar) & Bill Black (bass) Overnight sensation What happened when Elvis was discovered?
Sun Records became bankrupt Sam Phillips sold contract to RCA Col. Tom Parker new manager Why was Elvis switched to a different record label? Where was he moved to? Who was his new manager?
Hit singles, lucrative gigs, national TV, Hollywood movies Col. Tom Parker's goals for Elvis
Elvis Presley, Scotty & Bill Sam Phillips - Sun Records Who sang "That's All Right"?

Producer? Record label?
Generated by Koofers.com
Love Me Tender Heart attack at Graceland - drugs Elvis' first movie
How he died
Crossover Fats Domino Refers to a recording artist that has a fan base of both blacks and whites.

Ex.
J&M Recording Studio New Orleans recording studio
Shuffle "swing-like" rhythm Walking bass lines Piano, bass, drums, horn New Orleans sound characteristics
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Little Richard
Who sings "Tutti Frutti"?

Sexual suggestive lyrics
Flamboyant
Left music to join the ministry
Chess Records Bo Diddley Chicago based record label. Phil & Leonard Chess.
  • Raunchy, powerful blues sound
  • distorted electric guitar, bass, drums, piano, harmonica

Who made the first hit record at Chess?
Cowboy hats, huge glasses, rectangular-shaped guitars
Chuck Berry Father of Rock & Roll
First great lyricist with themes in: love, cars, & school
Great stage presence with his duck walk with a guitar

Young girl from Mexico scandal
Maybellene What song made Chuck Berry famous?
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Turn him into a rockabilly star What did Sam Phillips fail to do with Roy Orbison?
Carl Perkins
Own rockabilly guitar and singing style
"Blue suede shoes"
Auto accident to end his career
The Beatles loved him
Jerry Lee Lewis First "bad boy" of rock & roll
Rebellious spirit, natural-born performer, with outrageous personality
Married his second cousin (13 years old) ending his career
Buddy Holly Artist that produced and did everything on his own
1st to play stratocaster guitar
Died in plane crash in Iowa
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Peggy Sue Buddy Holly song recorded at Nor Va Jak studio in New Mexico

"Tom tom" beat instead of drums. (Slapping the leg)
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

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 Tin Pan AlleyDefined popular music in pre-rock and roll era. "Click Clack" sound.
 Bing CrosbyCrooner, pop singer, radio and film star.

White Christmas - largest selling song with 30 million + copies
 Frank Sinatra1st pop singer to create personal vocal style; macho/womanizer
 Swing EraBig band jazz is dominant pop music in this time.
Dance fads, clothing style, slang.
 Benny Goodman1st star of swing era
"Let's dance" radio program
 Race Music Hillbilly MusicAnother name for:
R&B
Country
 Post-war transitional years 
 Pat Boone 
 Pat Boone 
 Drop during Great Depression Rebound during Swing EraRecords sales in 1920-1954
 Acoustical ProcessProcess in which a certain horn captured and transferred sound vibrations to a stylus that cut grooves onto a wax disk.

No microphones. No electricity.
 Editing possible Tape is cheap Longer recording timesAdvantages in magnetic tape recording
 Album SingleIntroduced by Colombia in 1948. 33-1/3 rpm. SLOW.
Introduced by RCA in 1949. 45 rpm.
 -Colombia, RCA Victor, Decca, Capital -Chess, Atlantic, SunMajor Label Companies:
Independent Label Companies:
 Billboard MagazineMost reliable source for charting record sales
 Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)Certifies gold, platinum and diamond standards
 Gold Platinum Diamond500,000 units sold
One million units sold
Ten million units sold
 KDKA in PittsburghFirst commercial radio station
 Black and White Stations1950's radio
 Alan FreedWho was the most famous and influential white DJ?
Played R&B as a white DJ
"Moondog House Rock and Roll Party"
"Mr. Rock and Roll"
 Todd StorzWho was the brainchild of Top 40?
Tried first in Omaha, NE
 Mississippi DeltaBirthplace of the blues
 Country BluesEarliest form of blues with a solo male singer and his guitar
 First two lines are the sameWhat is AAB lyric form?
 Classic BluesFirst commercially sold blues recordings. Female vocalists with small group backing.
 Bessie SmithEmpress of the Blues
 Robert Johnson Sound of Delta BluesWho sing Cross Road Blues?
Vocalist and guitarist

Covers by Cream, The Doors and Van Halen
 JazzWhat music influenced rock music?
 MelismaSinging style common in gospel. Elongate words. (Mariah Carey)
 Rhythm & BluesFaster, danceable electric blues
 Louis Jordan & His Tympany FiveWho sang Choo Choo Ch'Boogie?

Jump band.
18 weeks on charts.
 Doo-Wop Cars or BirdsA capella group vocal style that incorporates high falsetto vocal leads, scat singing, rhythmic vocal backings, and sometimes lead vocals or spoken verse by the bass player.

Groups often named after...?
 Frankie Lymon and the TeenagersWho sings "Why Do Fools Fall In Love"?
 British Folk TraditionalOrigin of traditional rural music
Hillbilly music
Acoustic
 Bristol SessionsFirst important country music recordings made in Bristol, TN by Ralph Peer.

Carter Family, Jimmie Rodgers (Father of Country Music)
 Jimmie RodgersWho sings Blue Yodel #1?

RCA Victor
Blues and Yodels made him popular with blacks AND whites
 Grand Ole OpryRadio program that began broadcasting on WSM Nashville.

AKA National Barn Dance
 Cowboy SongsMusic used in westerns
 Western SwingJazz-influenced country popular during Swing Era
 BluegrassVirtuoso jazz influenced update of hillbilly music invented by Bill Monroe
 Honky-TonkCountry songs about drinking and hard livin'.
Electric instruments and drums.
 Hank WilliamsWho sings "Your Cheatin Heart"?

This song defines country music and honky-tonk

"Hillbilly Shakespeare"
Personified honky-tonk
 Targets of mass marketing Adults sense lack of authority Role models: James Dean, Marlon BrandoTeens in post-war america
 Consumer goods=necessities Advances in computer science, medicine, space travel TV Dependence on automobilesChanges in post-war america
 Bill HaleyLeader of country-turned R&B band "The Saddlemen"

First rock and roll band
 Sam PhillipsEntrepreneur and motivator.
Sun Records
Defines sound of rockabilly
 RockabillyFirst style of rock and roll (merging country and R&B)
Fast temps and jumping, nervous beat
Slap bass
Single vocalist - hiccuping and heavy echo
 Jackie Brenston and His Delta CatsWho sings "Rocket 88"?

Produced by Sam Phillips
 Discovered by Sam Phillips Country group with Scotty Moore (guitar) & Bill Black (bass) Overnight sensationWhat happened when Elvis was discovered?
 Sun Records became bankrupt Sam Phillips sold contract to RCA Col. Tom Parker new managerWhy was Elvis switched to a different record label? Where was he moved to? Who was his new manager?
 Hit singles, lucrative gigs, national TV, Hollywood moviesCol. Tom Parker's goals for Elvis
 Elvis Presley, Scotty & Bill Sam Phillips - Sun RecordsWho sang "That's All Right"?

Producer? Record label?
 Love Me Tender Heart attack at Graceland - drugsElvis' first movie
How he died
 Crossover Fats DominoRefers to a recording artist that has a fan base of both blacks and whites.

Ex.
 J&M Recording StudioNew Orleans recording studio
 Shuffle "swing-like" rhythm Walking bass lines Piano, bass, drums, hornNew Orleans sound characteristics
 Little Richard
Who sings "Tutti Frutti"?

Sexual suggestive lyrics
Flamboyant
Left music to join the ministry
 Chess Records Bo DiddleyChicago based record label. Phil & Leonard Chess.
  • Raunchy, powerful blues sound
  • distorted electric guitar, bass, drums, piano, harmonica

Who made the first hit record at Chess?
Cowboy hats, huge glasses, rectangular-shaped guitars
 Chuck BerryFather of Rock & Roll
First great lyricist with themes in: love, cars, & school
Great stage presence with his duck walk with a guitar

Young girl from Mexico scandal
 MaybelleneWhat song made Chuck Berry famous?
 Turn him into a rockabilly starWhat did Sam Phillips fail to do with Roy Orbison?
 Carl Perkins
Own rockabilly guitar and singing style
"Blue suede shoes"
Auto accident to end his career
The Beatles loved him
 Jerry Lee LewisFirst "bad boy" of rock & roll
Rebellious spirit, natural-born performer, with outrageous personality
Married his second cousin (13 years old) ending his career
 Buddy HollyArtist that produced and did everything on his own
1st to play stratocaster guitar
Died in plane crash in Iowa
 Peggy SueBuddy Holly song recorded at Nor Va Jak studio in New Mexico

"Tom tom" beat instead of drums. (Slapping the leg)
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