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Midterm Exam 1 - Flashcards

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Class:MUSC 130 - Introduction to Music
Subject:Music
University:Drexel University
Term:Spring 2012
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The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called what? A Pitch
In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called what? A tone
The distance in pitch between any two tones is called An Interval
What are some double reed instruments?
  1. Oboe
  2. Bassoon
  3. English Horn
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True or False: The English Horn is a brass instrument? False
What is a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal unit of time? Beat
The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or more specifically, the particular arrangement of note length in a piece of music is called what? Rhythm
The organization of beats into regular groups is called what? Meter
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When an accent occurs on a unexpected beat, the effect is known as what? Syncopation
The musical notation, silence is indicated by what? Rests
In musical time signature, The upper number tells what? How many beats fall in a measure
A consonance is a combination of tones that what? Are considered stable and restful
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Melody may be defined as what?
A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a what? Dissonance
The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is called what? Monophonic
When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is Polyphonic
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Homophonic texture consists of what? One main melody accompanied by chords
The Renaissance, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed what years? 1450 - 1600
The baroque period in western music is usually given as what? 1600 - 1750
The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning what? 450 - 1450
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The intellectual movement called humanism is what? Focus on human life and its accomplishments
Gregorian Chant is what? Monophonic Texture
The medieval jongleurs, important sources of information in a time when there were no newspapers were what? On the lowest social Level
Medieval music that consists of Gregorian Chat and one or more additional melodic lines is called what? Organum
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What s not part of the mass ordinary? Ave Maria
The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly what? Polyphonic
A Cappella is what? Unaccompanied choral music
Two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are what? Mass and Motet
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The Renaissance madrigal is a what? Piece for several solo vocies set to a short poem, usually about love
Who were the two giants of Baroque Composition? Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frederic Handel
A baroque musical composition usually expresses what within the same movement? One basic mood
The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of what? basso continuo
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The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of what family? Violin/String
A large-scale compostion for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text is called what? Oratorio
Castrati are what?
  1. Received the highest fees of any musicians
  2. Combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman
  3. Were male singers who had be castrated before puberty
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 The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called what?A Pitch
 In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called what?A tone
 The distance in pitch between any two tones is calledAn Interval
 What are some double reed instruments?
  1. Oboe
  2. Bassoon
  3. English Horn
 True or False: The English Horn is a brass instrument?False
 What is a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal unit of time?Beat
 The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or more specifically, the particular arrangement of note length in a piece of music is called what?Rhythm
 The organization of beats into regular groups is called what?Meter
 When an accent occurs on a unexpected beat, the effect is known as what?Syncopation
 The musical notation, silence is indicated by what?Rests
 In musical time signature, The upper number tells what?How many beats fall in a measure
 A consonance is a combination of tones that what?Are considered stable and restful
 Melody may be defined as what? 
 A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a what?Dissonance
 The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is called what?Monophonic
 When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture isPolyphonic
 Homophonic texture consists of what?One main melody accompanied by chords
 The Renaissance, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed what years?1450 - 1600
 The baroque period in western music is usually given as what?1600 - 1750
 The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning what?450 - 1450
 The intellectual movement called humanism is what?Focus on human life and its accomplishments
 Gregorian Chant is what?Monophonic Texture
 The medieval jongleurs, important sources of information in a time when there were no newspapers were what?On the lowest social Level
 Medieval music that consists of Gregorian Chat and one or more additional melodic lines is called what?Organum
 What s not part of the mass ordinary?Ave Maria
 The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly what?Polyphonic
 A Cappella is what?Unaccompanied choral music
 Two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are what?Mass and Motet
 The Renaissance madrigal is a what?Piece for several solo vocies set to a short poem, usually about love
 Who were the two giants of Baroque Composition?Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frederic Handel
 A baroque musical composition usually expresses what within the same movement?One basic mood
 The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of what?basso continuo
 The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of what family?Violin/String
 A large-scale compostion for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text is called what?Oratorio
 Castrati are what?
  1. Received the highest fees of any musicians
  2. Combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman
  3. Were male singers who had be castrated before puberty
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