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Final Exam Fall 2013 - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:MUSI 3300 - MUSIC HISTORY I
Subject:Music
University:University of Texas - Arlington
Term:Fall 2013
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Allemande Duple/ common time
Starts with pickup
may (but needed) features dotted rhythms and running notes
has pickups
Courante Moderate triple or compound meter
starts with pickup
frequently features hemiola effects (often at cadences)
Sarabande triple meter
statly, but not too slow
emphasis on second beat
Gigue Compound meter
fast
often imitative, rollicking/ jumping effects
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Suite no. 3 in 'a' minor date, composer, genre, traits written 1650-1700 (rationalist "later" Baroque)
by Elisabeth Claude Jacquet
it is a dance suite for keyboard
traits include tonally organized and restrained style

Movements
II. Allie - starts with spelled chord, moving bass
III. Corey - pickup note, lots of trills, not as fast as jig. stable with bass
IV. Sara - slow lyrical
V. Jig - starts on trill, trill city. fast. feels unstable

Trio Sonata Op. 3, no. 2 date, composer, genre, traits written in 1680
by Arcangelo Corelli
it is a Sonata da chiesa
traits include rationalist traits like tonal control

Movements
I. Grave - descending melody lines, pedal tones
II. Allegro - faster, fugue-like
La Griselda date, composer, genre, traits written in 1700-1750 (ca. 1720)
by Alessandro Scarlatti
it is a Da Capo aria
traits include that is an exemplary example of opera seria. it is also rationalist.

16th notes with 8th note bass hits, vocals
Prelude and Fugue in 'a' Minor, BWV 543 date, composer, genre, traits written in 1715
by JS Bach
it is a Organ Prelude and Fugue
traits?

Be able to explain portions of the fugue and how they work

Organ intro with long pedal tone held forever. lots of improvised bs.
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Nun Komm der Heiden Heiland BWV 62 date, composer, genre, traits written in 1724
by JS Bach
it is a Lutheran church cantata
traits

very active string part sounds like movie music, chorus sings "nun komm" 
very theme and variations
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in 'a' minor Op.3, no.6 date, composer, genre, mvts written in 1710
by Antonio Vivaldi
it is a solo concerto
 
movements
I. Allegro - call and response with soloist, very pronounced.
II. Largo - very slow, sustained orchestra chords, lyrical solo
III. Presto - fast tempo, dynamics!, 
Giulio Cesare Act II, Scenes 1/2 date, composer, genre, written in 1724
by George Frideric Handel
it is an Opera Seria (with da capo aria)

be able to ID either starting point

Recit intro - sung words, easy, harpsichord notes after EVERY statement
music intro - sinfonia, sounds like queen/ princess dinner music, light lyrics
Chorale Prelude on Durch Adams Fall, BWV 637 date, composer, genre, written in 1716
by JS Bach
it is a Chorale Prelude

solo organ. stock.
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René Descartes Mathematician, scientist and philosopher.
said nothing is real. the world is no different than his dreams. stopped  doing traditions that no one knew why they were doing…including religion. 
wrote his understanding in DISCOURSE ON METHOD (1637)

essentially control your emotions through reason.
name 2 composers of Baroque dance suites for keyboard Elisabeth Claude Jacquet and Handel
Elisabeth Claude Jacquet French lady,
First french woman to compose an opera
important contributor to female musical life
Arcangelo Corelli outstanding sonata composer, trained in Bologna. worked in Rome.
popular b/c he established new harmonic syntax
the first "modern" composer
his harmony becomes the basis for an entire theory of harmony,
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Trio Sonata p. 192

the texture of 2 solo instruments and continuo for a sonata
most trio sonatas include 2 violins, keyboard, and cello
fortspinnung refers a specific process of development of a musical motif. In this process, the motif is developed into an entire musical structure by using sequencesintervallic changes or simple repetitions.
Sonata da camera chamber sonata. contains dance styles therefore NOT suitable for church.
sonata da chiesa church sonata. fugues are very likely to be found in this style. Although primarily sacred could also be secular
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concerto grosso aka tutti aka ripieno

usually refers to a concerto with the concerto gross (large group) vs. the the small solo group or soloist (solo concerto)
solo concerto a single solo player with intermittent support from the ripieno (large group aka the rest of the damn orchestra) 
ritornello form is a reinviting passage in Baroque music for orchestraor chorus.

in which the ritornello is the opening theme, always played tutti, which returns in whole or in part and in different keys throughout the movement
describe how Corelli foregrounds directed, elegant tonal motion in his music
p218
The key is reiterated through some strong motivic material, and finally the tonal center is hammered home by clearly defined Corellian cadential patterns.
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explain the unusual conditions of Vivaldi's career He worked as a musical director at Ospedale della Pieta (an orphanage) which housed illegitimate (bastard) children of sailors that came and got a quick one in.

Under his tutelage the girls became fine musicians, so much that the institution was sought after- he wrote 500 concertos for the school
recitative
p180
style of singing in opera that is more speech like.
declamatory style
opera seria p.203 serious opera.

developed from librettist Apostolo Zeno sorting serious and comedic material into separate scenes and slowly phasing out the comedy.

did this to raise the literary level of the genre
da capo aria
204
Ternary form.
soloist and accompanist (usually small orchestra)

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exit aria Convention
Alessandro Scarlatti leading composer of the Neapolitan opera
famous for his operas and chamber cantatas
describe the working conditions of G.F. Handel's career left home (where his father wanted him to have a pro career) to learn about music in Hamburg, learned Operas, became Hanover music director and wrote operas in London made a great impression and the next year made England his new home.
both of his schools failed Royal Academy and  New Royal Academy…getting kicked out of the library…

Describe Bach's career took the family vocation of organist at 23 became court organist and chamber musician to the duke of Weimar. (his organ virtuoso spread) the duke didn't promote him so he left and worked for Prince of Anhalt-Cothen. at 38 got most important music position in Germany: cantor at St. Thomas' church in Leipzig. Supervised music for the 4 main churches and trained the choir. Wrote music for the daily church services. Leveled up at the church and became director of the Collegium Musicum (a group of university students)
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Dietrich Buxtehude organist and composer
prelude based on improvisation.
a short study based on the continuous expansion of a melodic or rhythmic figure
fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a single theme pervades the entire fabric, entering in one voice and then another. Based on the principle of imitation
main features of a Lutheran Church cantata by J.S. Bach?
  • for church service
  • mutli-movement
  • with solo arias
  • recitatives
  • and choruses
  • all with orchestral accompaniment

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how do Lutheran Chorales fit into Lutheran Church cantatas? Lutheran cantatas are generally unified by a chorale (hymn tune) sung in four-part harmony
lutheran church cantata a tradition established by Bach. written to reform the church and have services in German rather than Latin.
Chorale cantata is a sacred composition for voices and instruments, principally from the German Baroque era, in which the organizing principle is the words and music to a chorale
Pietism The Pietist movement combined the Lutheranism of the time with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life

X-core christians, fire-and-brimstone
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 AllemandeDuple/ common time
Starts with pickup
may (but needed) features dotted rhythms and running notes
has pickups
 CouranteModerate triple or compound meter
starts with pickup
frequently features hemiola effects (often at cadences)
 Sarabandetriple meter
statly, but not too slow
emphasis on second beat
 GigueCompound meter
fast
often imitative, rollicking/ jumping effects
 Suite no. 3 in 'a' minor date, composer, genre, traitswritten 1650-1700 (rationalist "later" Baroque)
by Elisabeth Claude Jacquet
it is a dance suite for keyboard
traits include tonally organized and restrained style

Movements
II. Allie - starts with spelled chord, moving bass
III. Corey - pickup note, lots of trills, not as fast as jig. stable with bass
IV. Sara - slow lyrical
V. Jig - starts on trill, trill city. fast. feels unstable

 Trio Sonata Op. 3, no. 2 date, composer, genre, traitswritten in 1680
by Arcangelo Corelli
it is a Sonata da chiesa
traits include rationalist traits like tonal control

Movements
I. Grave - descending melody lines, pedal tones
II. Allegro - faster, fugue-like
 La Griselda date, composer, genre, traitswritten in 1700-1750 (ca. 1720)
by Alessandro Scarlatti
it is a Da Capo aria
traits include that is an exemplary example of opera seria. it is also rationalist.

16th notes with 8th note bass hits, vocals
 Prelude and Fugue in 'a' Minor, BWV 543 date, composer, genre, traitswritten in 1715
by JS Bach
it is a Organ Prelude and Fugue
traits?

Be able to explain portions of the fugue and how they work

Organ intro with long pedal tone held forever. lots of improvised bs.
 Nun Komm der Heiden Heiland BWV 62 date, composer, genre, traitswritten in 1724
by JS Bach
it is a Lutheran church cantata
traits

very active string part sounds like movie music, chorus sings "nun komm" 
very theme and variations
 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in 'a' minor Op.3, no.6 date, composer, genre, mvtswritten in 1710
by Antonio Vivaldi
it is a solo concerto
 
movements
I. Allegro - call and response with soloist, very pronounced.
II. Largo - very slow, sustained orchestra chords, lyrical solo
III. Presto - fast tempo, dynamics!, 
 Giulio Cesare Act II, Scenes 1/2 date, composer, genre,written in 1724
by George Frideric Handel
it is an Opera Seria (with da capo aria)

be able to ID either starting point

Recit intro - sung words, easy, harpsichord notes after EVERY statement
music intro - sinfonia, sounds like queen/ princess dinner music, light lyrics
 Chorale Prelude on Durch Adams Fall, BWV 637 date, composer, genre,written in 1716
by JS Bach
it is a Chorale Prelude

solo organ. stock.
 René DescartesMathematician, scientist and philosopher.
said nothing is real. the world is no different than his dreams. stopped  doing traditions that no one knew why they were doing…including religion. 
wrote his understanding in DISCOURSE ON METHOD (1637)

essentially control your emotions through reason.
 name 2 composers of Baroque dance suites for keyboardElisabeth Claude Jacquet and Handel
 Elisabeth Claude JacquetFrench lady,
First french woman to compose an opera
important contributor to female musical life
 Arcangelo Corellioutstanding sonata composer, trained in Bologna. worked in Rome.
popular b/c he established new harmonic syntax
the first "modern" composer
his harmony becomes the basis for an entire theory of harmony,
 Trio Sonatap. 192

the texture of 2 solo instruments and continuo for a sonata
most trio sonatas include 2 violins, keyboard, and cello
 fortspinnungrefers a specific process of development of a musical motif. In this process, the motif is developed into an entire musical structure by using sequencesintervallic changes or simple repetitions.
 Sonata da camerachamber sonata. contains dance styles therefore NOT suitable for church.
 sonata da chiesachurch sonata. fugues are very likely to be found in this style. Although primarily sacred could also be secular
 concerto grossoaka tutti aka ripieno

usually refers to a concerto with the concerto gross (large group) vs. the the small solo group or soloist (solo concerto)
 solo concertoa single solo player with intermittent support from the ripieno (large group aka the rest of the damn orchestra) 
 ritornello formis a reinviting passage in Baroque music for orchestraor chorus.

in which the ritornello is the opening theme, always played tutti, which returns in whole or in part and in different keys throughout the movement
 describe how Corelli foregrounds directed, elegant tonal motion in his music
p218
The key is reiterated through some strong motivic material, and finally the tonal center is hammered home by clearly defined Corellian cadential patterns.
 explain the unusual conditions of Vivaldi's careerHe worked as a musical director at Ospedale della Pieta (an orphanage) which housed illegitimate (bastard) children of sailors that came and got a quick one in.

Under his tutelage the girls became fine musicians, so much that the institution was sought after- he wrote 500 concertos for the school
 recitative
p180
style of singing in opera that is more speech like.
declamatory style
 opera seriap.203 serious opera.

developed from librettist Apostolo Zeno sorting serious and comedic material into separate scenes and slowly phasing out the comedy.

did this to raise the literary level of the genre
 da capo aria
204
Ternary form.
soloist and accompanist (usually small orchestra)

 exit aria Convention
 Alessandro Scarlattileading composer of the Neapolitan opera
famous for his operas and chamber cantatas
 describe the working conditions of G.F. Handel's careerleft home (where his father wanted him to have a pro career) to learn about music in Hamburg, learned Operas, became Hanover music director and wrote operas in London made a great impression and the next year made England his new home.
both of his schools failed Royal Academy and  New Royal Academy…getting kicked out of the library…

 Describe Bach's careertook the family vocation of organist at 23 became court organist and chamber musician to the duke of Weimar. (his organ virtuoso spread) the duke didn't promote him so he left and worked for Prince of Anhalt-Cothen. at 38 got most important music position in Germany: cantor at St. Thomas' church in Leipzig. Supervised music for the 4 main churches and trained the choir. Wrote music for the daily church services. Leveled up at the church and became director of the Collegium Musicum (a group of university students)
 Dietrich Buxtehudeorganist and composer
 preludebased on improvisation.
a short study based on the continuous expansion of a melodic or rhythmic figure
 fugueis a contrapuntal composition in which a single theme pervades the entire fabric, entering in one voice and then another. Based on the principle of imitation
 main features of a Lutheran Church cantata by J.S. Bach?
  • for church service
  • mutli-movement
  • with solo arias
  • recitatives
  • and choruses
  • all with orchestral accompaniment

 how do Lutheran Chorales fit into Lutheran Church cantatas?Lutheran cantatas are generally unified by a chorale (hymn tune) sung in four-part harmony
 lutheran church cantataa tradition established by Bach. written to reform the church and have services in German rather than Latin.
 Chorale cantatais a sacred composition for voices and instruments, principally from the German Baroque era, in which the organizing principle is the words and music to a chorale
 PietismThe Pietist movement combined the Lutheranism of the time with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life

X-core christians, fire-and-brimstone
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