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Midterm (part II.) 3-25-13 - Flashcards

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Class:MUSI 3301 - MUSIC HISTORY II
Subject:Music
University:University of Texas - Arlington
Term:Spring 2013
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character pieces for piano for virtuosos, with respect to performance and publishing? just made theme pieces different

Chopin - was quiet
Liszt loved the stage
explain why the touring virtuoso became more important in the 19th c. than in earlier centuries? Liszt O'mania
performing at different venues (homes)
dec the different compositional approaches to the piano of Chopin and Liszt? chopin - little concert (simple)

liszt - love the stage

explain how nationalism and the exotic figured into the careers of both pianist while in Paris (and while touring)?
Contextualize Chop's Mazurkas and Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsodies in this respect?
  • mazurkas - 3/4
  • rhapsodies - crazy left hand and melody
Listzt was wel liked because was exotic and Hungarian.

Chopin was Polish and French. Used Harmonic minor.
exoticism - has more appeal to the music because it was different

nationalism where they are from
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describe the different programmatic (or, better, "characteristic") approaches of Chopin's mazurka and Liszt's "un sospiro" Liszt ((trios etudes and concerto))
  • lots of notes
  • under melody 8va things
  • la olmza
  • most unique
Chopin
  • trills
  • beats
  • folk dance
  • 2nds
Describe how Berlioz's approach to the notion of the "Romantic artist" differed from that of his contemporaries
Falls in love with actress. He doesn't care what others think, wants grand show to his longing
explain how the notion of the "romantic artist" is worked out in the Symphony Fantastique
describe what is "new" to the way programmatic content is treated in Berlioz's "program symphony" expects music to portray a written story, 
  • literacy of his past (autobiography)
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explain berlioz's orchestral innovations? give specifies ex. in the Sym. Fan. The importance of his role as a conductor Giant orchestra
idea fixe
minimum 91 musicians
1st modern conductor
describe mendelssohn's different approach to Romanticism and the programmatic in orchestral music a conservative romantic compose
explain mendelssohn's musical innovations in his Violin Concerto ?????
F-S-F Cadenza in 1st movt. is before the recap - 
retransitions between movements (played continuously) - mini transitions buring sections within movements
explain how italian was "less romtanic" than the music coming out of Germany and France during the period? opera buffa - comical
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describe the "Code Rossini" aka Rossinian 2/4 and how rossini employs i in his operas for dramatic effect? explain why this was also commerically important?
2 standard movements for every scene.
2 optional parts when needed

1. tempo de taco
2 Cantabilie
3. tempo de mezzo
4. cabelleta - fast brilliant aria sang twice

describe the features of Der Freischutz that established it as a "German Romantic Opera"? plot nationality in particular, folk legend, supernatural, allows to builds main powers chromatic excedes with the text
explain webers music and dramatic innovations in the Wolf's Glen Scene particular fold legends supernatural allow/ builds powers aromatic excess????????

Folk song style + Forms (nationally particular) - Extended tonal
Nones musical forms - new innovative emphassis on time tentians d\
orch. first performed circumstance ?!?!?


describe the ways in which Wagner draws on Weber's style and French Grand Opera to build his own operatic style? ???
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Describe the role of the "volk" in Wagner artistic thinking? In what sense does he strive to create an "art religion"? (bring people to the stage)
art comes from people > spirit hovering > idealize concept
????
describe the role of Beethoven's 9th symphony in Wagner's thinking about opera?
Explain the main innovations to opera that Wagner introduced in his mature music dramas. artwork of the future
poetry + drama
music unite with ????


explain Verdi began to stretch and break free from the Code Rossini in his operas? added to each movement scene not recit - notes
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explain Verdi's take on what plots were suitable for "Romantic" opera? based of personal tragedies
wife and kids died
explain how verdi's image was caught up in Italian national political events? supported national movement rise of????
describe the tradition of the opera comique in Paris, and how Bizet's Carmen fits in? aded words to already existing music - habuera - establish Iram 
Johnann Gonfried von Herder ???
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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe German writer and Politician
Lorenzo Da Ponte Venetian opera liberetist and poet???
Heinrich Heine German poet
lyric poetry
set to Liedar (art song) Shuman and Schubert ????

Clara Schummann (nee Wieck) Romantic Era
husband was R Swman????
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Fanny Mendelssohn (Hensel) sister to mendelson
Ferdinand David German virtuoso violinist
Vicolo Paganini virtuostic violinist, exotic ( ?????  )
Lied art song > poems to music
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Strophic Form music is the same for every stanza (verse) 
Think if isolodylan????
Song cycle a group of songs designed to be performed in a single enitiy (certain order???)
"characteristic" versus "programmatic"'
Program Symphony
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Idee fixe specific motive??? idea, Berlioz symphony Fantastquie ???
Code Rossini 2 standard movements for every scene, 2 optional parts when needed

The Scheme
  1. tempo ditaco, recitative
  2. contabile, soler aria like part, required (solid)
  3. tempo di mezzo
  4. cabaletta, fasturia like????
Contabile (section) 2nd movement, slow reflective aria
Cabaletta a fast brilliant aria sung twice
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German Romantic Opera Weber, Wagner, Tristan and Isolde >  Opera
Melodrama exaggeraters polt in characts to appeal to emotions
music drama Wagner - art + Revolition + art of the future
Artwork of the future by Wagner - the Volk > Long essay has Richard Varmer (the volk)
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Gesamtkunstwerk music, drama
Leitmotiv short reoccurring ??? phrase person, place idea - wagner
exoticism chopin > part polish > harmonic minor, carmen ??? ??? apel
nationalism
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romanticism
Tristan IT was part of a leitmotif - show
Wolf's Glen Scene sets the setting with music
what was the "New German School"? Who were its chief representatives? What did they believe was important in creating "the music of the future"? a group of composers that followed the principles of romantic music.

reps - Liszt and Wager

important - they wanted to keep the evolution of music alive
Generated by Koofers.com
what is a symphonic poem designed by Liszt for specific programmatic content.
signle movt. orchestral works.

short program music and Berlioz wrote long program music
what elements of early 19th c. operas did Richard Wagner incorporate into his operas?
what main ideas did Wagner out in "The Artwork of the Future" the art arises from nature
what was Der Ring des Nibelungen? How many operas does it comprise? Upon what sources did Wagner
Generated by Koofers.com
what are some overall traits of Wagner's librettos for his music dramas mainly dealt with philosophy 
more alliterations 
7. how is Wagner's use of the orchestra in his operas different than his predecessors? how does he write differently for the voice? vocal - exclusively syllabic 
8 how does wager "press the tonal system to its limit" in his mature works? chromatic and deceptive cadence
tonal tension

9 leitmotiv leading motive of song
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10 why is the essay "judism in Music" notorious? What effect has it has on the reception of Wagner's compositions? called out jews for being dumb
they have talent but no genius
1. in what ways was Giuseppe Verdi particularly careful with his librettos? ocd about which poet he got
2. what role does the topic of political liberty play in Verdi's opera Nabucco? opera was about overthrow tyranny
3. in what way did Verdi become a political symbol himself? Austria feared the power of music (opera) because it might make the public revolt.


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4. in what ways does Seaton claim that the plot of La Traviata would have connected with Verdi's own life? How is this connection "Romantic" do you think? the last opera in the life of Verdi
interaction between art to tell the story

connected with his actual life.
5. what musical innovations did Verdi introduce in his mature operas?
what is the difference between realism and Romanticism realism - about life (doesn't end well)
romantic - huge hopes (unattainable) 
in what ways is Bizet's Carmen a realist opera because of the murder
focused on the lower class


Generated by Koofers.com
how was Carmen initially received? not well. no one had seen murder on stage.
what is verismo, and who were some famous composers in the style? italian version of realism
Mascagni, Leon Cavalo
how is Bizet's Carmen exotic Bizet uses music from Spain. (da da dundun da dun dun dada)
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 character pieces for piano for virtuosos, with respect to performance and publishing?just made theme pieces different

Chopin - was quiet
Liszt loved the stage
 explain why the touring virtuoso became more important in the 19th c. than in earlier centuries?Liszt O'mania
performing at different venues (homes)
 dec the different compositional approaches to the piano of Chopin and Liszt?chopin - little concert (simple)

liszt - love the stage

 explain how nationalism and the exotic figured into the careers of both pianist while in Paris (and while touring)?
Contextualize Chop's Mazurkas and Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsodies in this respect?
  • mazurkas - 3/4
  • rhapsodies - crazy left hand and melody
Listzt was wel liked because was exotic and Hungarian.

Chopin was Polish and French. Used Harmonic minor.
exoticism - has more appeal to the music because it was different

nationalism where they are from
 describe the different programmatic (or, better, "characteristic") approaches of Chopin's mazurka and Liszt's "un sospiro"Liszt ((trios etudes and concerto))
  • lots of notes
  • under melody 8va things
  • la olmza
  • most unique
Chopin
  • trills
  • beats
  • folk dance
  • 2nds
 Describe how Berlioz's approach to the notion of the "Romantic artist" differed from that of his contemporaries
Falls in love with actress. He doesn't care what others think, wants grand show to his longing
 explain how the notion of the "romantic artist" is worked out in the Symphony Fantastique
 describe what is "new" to the way programmatic content is treated in Berlioz's "program symphony"expects music to portray a written story, 
  • literacy of his past (autobiography)
 explain berlioz's orchestral innovations? give specifies ex. in the Sym. Fan. The importance of his role as a conductorGiant orchestra
idea fixe
minimum 91 musicians
1st modern conductor
 describe mendelssohn's different approach to Romanticism and the programmatic in orchestral musica conservative romantic compose
 explain mendelssohn's musical innovations in his Violin Concerto?????
F-S-F Cadenza in 1st movt. is before the recap - 
retransitions between movements (played continuously) - mini transitions buring sections within movements
 explain how italian was "less romtanic" than the music coming out of Germany and France during the period?opera buffa - comical
 describe the "Code Rossini" aka Rossinian 2/4 and how rossini employs i in his operas for dramatic effect? explain why this was also commerically important?
2 standard movements for every scene.
2 optional parts when needed

1. tempo de taco
2 Cantabilie
3. tempo de mezzo
4. cabelleta - fast brilliant aria sang twice

 describe the features of Der Freischutz that established it as a "German Romantic Opera"?plot nationality in particular, folk legend, supernatural, allows to builds main powers chromatic excedes with the text
 explain webers music and dramatic innovations in the Wolf's Glen Sceneparticular fold legends supernatural allow/ builds powers aromatic excess????????

Folk song style + Forms (nationally particular) - Extended tonal
Nones musical forms - new innovative emphassis on time tentians d\
orch. first performed circumstance ?!?!?


 describe the ways in which Wagner draws on Weber's style and French Grand Opera to build his own operatic style????
 Describe the role of the "volk" in Wagner artistic thinking? In what sense does he strive to create an "art religion"?(bring people to the stage)
art comes from people > spirit hovering > idealize concept
????
 describe the role of Beethoven's 9th symphony in Wagner's thinking about opera?
 Explain the main innovations to opera that Wagner introduced in his mature music dramas.artwork of the future
poetry + drama
music unite with ????


 explain Verdi began to stretch and break free from the Code Rossini in his operas?added to each movement scene not recit - notes
 explain Verdi's take on what plots were suitable for "Romantic" opera?based of personal tragedies
wife and kids died
 explain how verdi's image was caught up in Italian national political events?supported national movement rise of????
 describe the tradition of the opera comique in Paris, and how Bizet's Carmen fits in?aded words to already existing music - habuera - establish Iram 
 Johnann Gonfried von Herder???
 Johann Wolfgang von GoetheGerman writer and Politician
 Lorenzo Da PonteVenetian opera liberetist and poet???
 Heinrich HeineGerman poet
lyric poetry
set to Liedar (art song) Shuman and Schubert ????

 Clara Schummann (nee Wieck)Romantic Era
husband was R Swman????
 Fanny Mendelssohn (Hensel)sister to mendelson
 Ferdinand DavidGerman virtuoso violinist
 Vicolo Paganinivirtuostic violinist, exotic ( ?????  )
 Liedart song > poems to music
 Strophic Formmusic is the same for every stanza (verse) 
Think if isolodylan????
 Song cyclea group of songs designed to be performed in a single enitiy (certain order???)
 "characteristic" versus "programmatic"'
 Program Symphony
 Idee fixespecific motive??? idea, Berlioz symphony Fantastquie ???
 Code Rossini2 standard movements for every scene, 2 optional parts when needed

The Scheme
  1. tempo ditaco, recitative
  2. contabile, soler aria like part, required (solid)
  3. tempo di mezzo
  4. cabaletta, fasturia like????
 Contabile (section)2nd movement, slow reflective aria
 Cabalettaa fast brilliant aria sung twice
 German Romantic OperaWeber, Wagner, Tristan and Isolde >  Opera
 Melodramaexaggeraters polt in characts to appeal to emotions
 music dramaWagner - art + Revolition + art of the future
 Artwork of the futureby Wagner - the Volk > Long essay has Richard Varmer (the volk)
 Gesamtkunstwerkmusic, drama
 Leitmotivshort reoccurring ??? phrase person, place idea - wagner
 exoticismchopin > part polish > harmonic minor, carmen ??? ??? apel
 nationalism
 romanticism 
 TristanIT was part of a leitmotif - show
 Wolf's Glen Scenesets the setting with music
 what was the "New German School"? Who were its chief representatives? What did they believe was important in creating "the music of the future"?a group of composers that followed the principles of romantic music.

reps - Liszt and Wager

important - they wanted to keep the evolution of music alive
 what is a symphonic poemdesigned by Liszt for specific programmatic content.
signle movt. orchestral works.

short program music and Berlioz wrote long program music
 what elements of early 19th c. operas did Richard Wagner incorporate into his operas? 
 what main ideas did Wagner out in "The Artwork of the Future"the art arises from nature
 what was Der Ring des Nibelungen? How many operas does it comprise? Upon what sources did Wagner 
 what are some overall traits of Wagner's librettos for his music dramasmainly dealt with philosophy 
more alliterations 
 7. how is Wagner's use of the orchestra in his operas different than his predecessors? how does he write differently for the voice?vocal - exclusively syllabic 
 8 how does wager "press the tonal system to its limit" in his mature works?chromatic and deceptive cadence
tonal tension

 9 leitmotivleading motive of song
 10 why is the essay "judism in Music" notorious? What effect has it has on the reception of Wagner's compositions?called out jews for being dumb
they have talent but no genius
 1. in what ways was Giuseppe Verdi particularly careful with his librettos?ocd about which poet he got
 2. what role does the topic of political liberty play in Verdi's opera Nabucco?opera was about overthrow tyranny
 3. in what way did Verdi become a political symbol himself?Austria feared the power of music (opera) because it might make the public revolt.


 4. in what ways does Seaton claim that the plot of La Traviata would have connected with Verdi's own life? How is this connection "Romantic" do you think?the last opera in the life of Verdi
interaction between art to tell the story

connected with his actual life.
 5. what musical innovations did Verdi introduce in his mature operas?
 what is the difference between realism and Romanticismrealism - about life (doesn't end well)
romantic - huge hopes (unattainable) 
 in what ways is Bizet's Carmen a realist operabecause of the murder
focused on the lower class


 how was Carmen initially received?not well. no one had seen murder on stage.
 what is verismo, and who were some famous composers in the style?italian version of realism
Mascagni, Leon Cavalo
 how is Bizet's Carmen exoticBizet uses music from Spain. (da da dundun da dun dun dada)
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