Koofers

Med term 15 and 16 - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:NURS 320 - PROF IN NURS
Subject:NURSING
University:Clemson University
Term:Fall 2010
- of -
INCORRECT CORRECT
- INCORRECT     - CORRECT     - SKIPPED
Shuffle Remaining Cards Show Definitions First Take Quiz (NEW)
Hide Keyboard shortcuts
Next card
Previous card
Mark correct
Mark incorrect
Flip card
Start Over
Shuffle
      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
CNS the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord
ANS nervous system that regulates the activity of the cardiac muscle and glands
ventricles small cavities in the brain
plexus term used for the network of nerves or blood vessels
Generated by Koofers.com
sulcus a groove or trench on the brain surface
limbic system the part of the brain associated with emotional behavior
ganglion refers to a group of nerve cell bodies
hemisphere either half of the brain
Generated by Koofers.com
encephalon medical term for brain
foramen magnum the opening in the occipital bone through which the cord passes
caudia equina the spinal roots that supply the rectal area
cerebellum the lobes located on the back of the brain
Generated by Koofers.com
dura mater the outermost membrane of the brain and spinal cord
sympathetic ter for the part of the nervous system that assists in defense and survival
olfactory smell
optic vision
Generated by Koofers.com
trochlear eye muscles
trigeminal face movement
auditory hearing
spinal neck muscles
Generated by Koofers.com
hypoglossal beneath the tongue
Bell's palsy unilateral facial paralysis
cerebral palsy paralysis from developmental defects
concussion violent blow to the head
Generated by Koofers.com
convulsion a seizure
hematoma a blood clot
Huntington's chorea jerky involuntary movements with mental deterioration
Sciatica severe leg pain
Generated by Koofers.com
Parkinsons disease progressive neurologic disorder with tremors
Babinski's sign reflex response; when sole of the foot is stroked the big toe turns up instead of down (normal in newborns, but pathologic later)
craniotomy any operation on the cranium
echoencephalogram use of ultrasound to show displacement of brain structures
Generated by Koofers.com
lumbar puncture (LP) spinal tap
myelogram (myelography) the film produced by myelography, e.g, injection of a dye into the subarachnoid space to detect tumors or herniated disks
pneumoencephalogram (PEG) the radiograph obtained by visualization of the fluid-containing structures of the brain after cerebrospinal fluid is intermittently withdrawn by lumbar puncture and replaced by air, oxygen, or helium
rhizotomy cutting the roots of spinal nerves to relieve incurable pain
Generated by Koofers.com
romberg test a test of the sense of balance, e.g., the patient ay lost balance when standing erect, feet together, and eyes closed
trephination drilling a hole in the skull to evacuate clots or inject air for a diagnostic procedure
vagotomy surgical transection of the fibers of the vagus nerve
ambivalence conflicting emotional attitudes toward a goa
Generated by Koofers.com
autism complete withdrawal; inability to communicate
delusion a false personal belief
delirium illusions, excitement, hallucinations (short term)
echolalia automatic repetition of what is said
Generated by Koofers.com
hypochondria imaginary illness
megalomania belief in one's greatness
paranoid a person is abnormally suspicious of others
phobia abnormal dread or fear
Generated by Koofers.com
schizophrenia severe emotional disorders characterized by derilium, delusion, hallucinations, and other bizarre behaviors
cerebrum largest portion of brain
meninges 3 membranes covering brain and spinal cords
arachnoid the delicate membrane between pia mater and dura mater
Generated by Koofers.com
trochlear muscle of the eye
anencephaly congential absence of a brain
hydrocephalus accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull
meningocele hernial protrusion of meninges through defect in skull or vertibrae
Generated by Koofers.com
poliomyelitis an acute viral disease
Three important functions of the urinary system 1. remove water and waste, convert to urine, transport, excrete 2. reabsorb substances the body wants to keep 3. maintain body system equilibrium by regulation or pH, RBC production, blood pressure, blood glucose
Important function of the reproductive system perpetuating the species
cortex outer layer of the kidney
Generated by Koofers.com
medulla inner part of the kidney
functional unit of the kidney that produces urine nephron
ureter urinary bladder receives urine through this
the urinary bladder discharges urine through this urethra
Generated by Koofers.com
albuminuria presence of protein in urine
anuria without urine
enuresis bed wetting while asleep
diuresis increased excretion of urine
Generated by Koofers.com
incontinence inability to control bowel or bladder excretion
urinary retention inability to excrete urine
hydronephrosis distention of the renal pelvis bc of inability to urinate
nephrolithiasis kidney stones
Generated by Koofers.com
nycturia excessive night urination
oliguria diminished urine secretion
dysuria painful or difficult urination
pyelitis inflammation of renal pelvis
Generated by Koofers.com
glomerulonephritis inflammation of capillary loops in the glomeruli
catheterization tube in the bladder for urine drainage
clinitest measure of the amount of glucose in the urine
cystoscopy visual examination fo the bladder
Generated by Koofers.com
IVP radiologic technique for examining kidney function
I & O measuring and charting all ingested and excreted fluids (intake and output)
UA urine analysis: determination of acidity and sugar levels of urine
ultrasonography imaging with sound waves
Generated by Koofers.com
retrograde pyelogram radiologic examination of the kidneys' collecting system
testis a male gonad that supplies sperm to the semen
external genitalia the scrotum, penis, vulva, clitoris, and urethra
vas deferens extension of the epididymis and part of the ejaculatory duct
Generated by Koofers.com
prostate gland that is used for starage and maturation of spermatozoa
seminal duct passage for spermatozoa and semen
ovaries a femal gonad that produces eggs
fallopian tube duct where fertilization occurs
Generated by Koofers.com
uterus female organ that nourishes the fetus
vagina birth canal and receptacle for coitus
circumcision removal of the prepuce
cryptorchidism undescended testicle(s)
Generated by Koofers.com
orchiectomy castration
prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland
vasectomy sterilization
cystocele hernia of the bladder into the vagina
Generated by Koofers.com
endometriosis endometrial tissue spread into the peritoneal cavity
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
ophorectomy castration (getting "fixed")
tubal ligation sterilization; fallopian tubes are severed and sealed
Generated by Koofers.com
amniocentesis taking a sample of amniotic fluid
Apgar test evaluation of an infant's condition at birth
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion; the fetal head is too large for the mother's pelvis
dystocia abnormal labor or childbirth
Generated by Koofers.com
ectopic or extrauterine a pregnancy outside the uterus
gestation period from conception to birth
gravida a pregnant woman
neonatal period first 4 weeks after birth (infant)
Generated by Koofers.com
postpartum six-week period after birth (mother)
placenta the afterbirth
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

  Hide All 114 Print
 
Front
Back
 CNSthe nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord
 ANSnervous system that regulates the activity of the cardiac muscle and glands
 ventriclessmall cavities in the brain
 plexusterm used for the network of nerves or blood vessels
 sulcusa groove or trench on the brain surface
 limbic systemthe part of the brain associated with emotional behavior
 ganglionrefers to a group of nerve cell bodies
 hemisphereeither half of the brain
 encephalonmedical term for brain
 foramen magnumthe opening in the occipital bone through which the cord passes
 caudia equinathe spinal roots that supply the rectal area
 cerebellumthe lobes located on the back of the brain
 dura materthe outermost membrane of the brain and spinal cord
 sympatheticter for the part of the nervous system that assists in defense and survival
 olfactorysmell
 opticvision
 trochleareye muscles
 trigeminalface movement
 auditoryhearing
 spinalneck muscles
 hypoglossalbeneath the tongue
 Bell's palsyunilateral facial paralysis
 cerebral palsyparalysis from developmental defects
 concussionviolent blow to the head
 convulsiona seizure
 hematomaa blood clot
 Huntington's choreajerky involuntary movements with mental deterioration
 Sciaticasevere leg pain
 Parkinsons diseaseprogressive neurologic disorder with tremors
 Babinski's signreflex response; when sole of the foot is stroked the big toe turns up instead of down (normal in newborns, but pathologic later)
 craniotomyany operation on the cranium
 echoencephalogramuse of ultrasound to show displacement of brain structures
 lumbar puncture (LP)spinal tap
 myelogram (myelography)the film produced by myelography, e.g, injection of a dye into the subarachnoid space to detect tumors or herniated disks
 pneumoencephalogram (PEG)the radiograph obtained by visualization of the fluid-containing structures of the brain after cerebrospinal fluid is intermittently withdrawn by lumbar puncture and replaced by air, oxygen, or helium
 rhizotomycutting the roots of spinal nerves to relieve incurable pain
 romberg testa test of the sense of balance, e.g., the patient ay lost balance when standing erect, feet together, and eyes closed
 trephinationdrilling a hole in the skull to evacuate clots or inject air for a diagnostic procedure
 vagotomysurgical transection of the fibers of the vagus nerve
 ambivalenceconflicting emotional attitudes toward a goa
 autismcomplete withdrawal; inability to communicate
 delusiona false personal belief
 deliriumillusions, excitement, hallucinations (short term)
 echolaliaautomatic repetition of what is said
 hypochondriaimaginary illness
 megalomaniabelief in one's greatness
 paranoida person is abnormally suspicious of others
 phobiaabnormal dread or fear
 schizophreniasevere emotional disorders characterized by derilium, delusion, hallucinations, and other bizarre behaviors
 cerebrumlargest portion of brain
 meninges3 membranes covering brain and spinal cords
 arachnoidthe delicate membrane between pia mater and dura mater
 trochlearmuscle of the eye
 anencephalycongential absence of a brain
 hydrocephalusaccumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull
 meningocelehernial protrusion of meninges through defect in skull or vertibrae
 poliomyelitisan acute viral disease
 Three important functions of the urinary system1. remove water and waste, convert to urine, transport, excrete
2. reabsorb substances the body wants to keep
3. maintain body system equilibrium by regulation or pH, RBC production, blood pressure, blood glucose
 Important function of the reproductive systemperpetuating the species
 cortexouter layer of the kidney
 medullainner part of the kidney
 functional unit of the kidney that produces urinenephron
 ureterurinary bladder receives urine through this
 the urinary bladder discharges urine through thisurethra
 albuminuriapresence of protein in urine
 anuriawithout urine
 enuresisbed wetting while asleep
 diuresisincreased excretion of urine
 incontinenceinability to control bowel or bladder excretion
 urinary retentioninability to excrete urine
 hydronephrosisdistention of the renal pelvis bc of inability to urinate
 nephrolithiasiskidney stones
 nycturiaexcessive night urination
 oliguriadiminished urine secretion
 dysuriapainful or difficult urination
 pyelitisinflammation of renal pelvis
 glomerulonephritisinflammation of capillary loops in the glomeruli
 catheterizationtube in the bladder for urine drainage
 clinitestmeasure of the amount of glucose in the urine
 cystoscopyvisual examination fo the bladder
 IVPradiologic technique for examining kidney function
 I & Omeasuring and charting all ingested and excreted fluids (intake and output)
 UAurine analysis: determination of acidity and sugar levels of urine
 ultrasonographyimaging with sound waves
 retrograde pyelogramradiologic examination of the kidneys' collecting system
 testisa male gonad that supplies sperm to the semen
 external genitaliathe scrotum, penis, vulva, clitoris, and urethra
 vas deferensextension of the epididymis and part of the ejaculatory duct
 prostategland that is used for starage and maturation of spermatozoa
 seminal ductpassage for spermatozoa and semen
 ovariesa femal gonad that produces eggs
 fallopian tubeduct where fertilization occurs
 uterusfemale organ that nourishes the fetus
 vaginabirth canal and receptacle for coitus
 circumcisionremoval of the prepuce
 cryptorchidismundescended testicle(s)
 orchiectomycastration
 prostatectomyexcision of the prostate gland
 vasectomy sterilization
 cystocelehernia of the bladder into the vagina
 endometriosisendometrial tissue spread into the peritoneal cavity
 hysterectomyexcision of the uterus
 ophorectomycastration (getting "fixed")
 tubal ligationsterilization; fallopian tubes are severed and sealed
 amniocentesistaking a sample of amniotic fluid
 Apgar testevaluation of an infant's condition at birth
 CPDcephalopelvic disproportion; the fetal head is too large for the mother's pelvis
 dystociaabnormal labor or childbirth
 ectopic or extrauterinea pregnancy outside the uterus
 gestationperiod from conception to birth
 gravidaa pregnant woman
 neonatal periodfirst 4 weeks after birth (infant)
 postpartumsix-week period after birth (mother)
 placentathe afterbirth
36, "/var/app/current/tmp/"