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NS Exam 2 - Flashcards

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Class:NUTR_S 1034 - Nutrition, Current Concepts and Controversies
Subject:Nutritional Sciences
University:University of Missouri - Columbia
Term:Fall 2011
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Water 2 amino acids joined together by peptide bond to form a dipeptide. -- WATER IS BY-PRODUCT of this
Vegans need to add.. vitamin b12
Low fiber diet= --diverticulosis
carb loading a technique by some endurance athletes to increase the storage of muscle glycogen 
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Adrenaline triggers... breakdown of stored fat
HORMONES SECRETED FROM MANY GLANDS OF THE BODY, hormones are chemical messengers that trigger a physiological response 
Hunger a psychological desire to consume food 
GERD appropriate treatment: loose weight and quit smoking
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The KEY structural components of a cell's membrane is.. phospholipids, lipids w/ glycerol backbone and 2 fatty acids with a phosphate group 
Lipids organic nutrients that are insoluble in water
AMDR for fat is 20-35% total energy intake 
Denaturation results in the loss of protein's function, the process where protien loses its shape and function when exposed to acids, heat, and heavy metals 
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Tissue function grouping of similar cells joined together to form functional sheets or cords of cells 
Carb digestion begins in the mouth
Functional fiber non digestible forms of carbs extracted from plants or manufactured in a lab
Galactose lactose = fructose + galactose 
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Peptide bonds
  • hemical bonds in which the amine group of one amino acid binds to the acid group of another amino acid 
Appetite triggered by environmental cues 
When blood leaves the small intestine, it is routed directly through the portal vein to the LIVER
Alkalosis condition which pH blood becomes too basic 
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Phospholipids our bodies manufacture
Ketosis diet that contains insufficient carbs 
Conduction of NERVE signals and contraction of muscles depends on the proper balance of electrolytes
Anime group part of protien molecule that carries nitrogen 
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What is the function of the BICARBONATE that is released into the duodenum during the process of digestion? to neutralize the acidic chyme
Which organ is responsible for manufacturing & secreting digestive enzymes and bicarbonate? PANCREAS
Salivary amylase beings the digestion of carbohydrate in the mouth 
Enzyme body protien that is stored in a gland and secreted to an organ to restore normal body conditions or balance 
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 Water2 amino acids joined together by peptide bond to form a dipeptide. -- WATER IS BY-PRODUCT of this
 Vegans need to add..vitamin b12
 Low fiber diet=--diverticulosis
 carb loadinga technique by some endurance athletes to increase the storage of muscle glycogen 
 Adrenaline triggers...breakdown of stored fat
 HORMONESSECRETED FROM MANY GLANDS OF THE BODY, hormones are chemical messengers that trigger a physiological response 
 Hungera psychological desire to consume food 
 GERDappropriate treatment: loose weight and quit smoking
 The KEY structural components of a cell's membrane is..phospholipids, lipids w/ glycerol backbone and 2 fatty acids with a phosphate group 
 Lipidsorganic nutrients that are insoluble in water
 AMDRfor fat is 20-35% total energy intake 
 Denaturationresults in the loss of protein's function, the process where protien loses its shape and function when exposed to acids, heat, and heavy metals 
 Tissuefunction grouping of similar cells joined together to form functional sheets or cords of cells 
 Carb digestion begins in themouth
 Functional fibernon digestible forms of carbs extracted from plants or manufactured in a lab
 Galactoselactose = fructose + galactose 
 Peptide bonds
  • hemical bonds in which the amine group of one amino acid binds to the acid group of another amino acid 
 Appetitetriggered by environmental cues 
 When blood leaves the small intestine, it is routed directly through the portal vein to theLIVER
 Alkalosiscondition which pH blood becomes too basic 
 Phospholipidsour bodies manufacture
 Ketosisdiet that contains insufficient carbs 
 Conduction of NERVE signals and contraction of muscles depends on the proper balance ofelectrolytes
 Anime grouppart of protien molecule that carries nitrogen 
 What is the function of the BICARBONATE that is released into the duodenum during the process of digestion?to neutralize the acidic chyme
 Which organ is responsible for manufacturing & secreting digestive enzymes and bicarbonate?PANCREAS
 Salivary amylasebeings the digestion of carbohydrate in the mouth 
 Enzymebody protien that is stored in a gland and secreted to an organ to restore normal body conditions or balance 
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