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Class:PAS 100 - INTRO TO BLK CULT
Subject:Pan African Studies
University:California State University - Northridge
Term:Fall 2014
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Name the two major historical events that led to the New Negro movement and Harlem Renaissance WW1 and Great Migration
___________________ or the merging of various fields of study/knowledge makes Black Studies different from "traditional" fields of study. Interdisciplinarity 
What does reparations mean for people of African descent and who was one of the first Black people to advocate for them? Compensation for unpaid labor/Callie House 
What was the relationship between early African American churches in the North and educational institutions? Schools were often organized in churches since they were the few spaces Blacks controlled. 
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In 1903, W.E.B. Du Bois coined the phrase ___________________ to represent how people of African descent in the U.S. were invisible to most nonblacks except for racist stereotypes and caricatures. Behind the veil
True or False: The modern system of racial discrimination emerged as a justification for the enslavement of Africans.
Painter identifies ___________________ as the foundation of African American cultural identity from which many other aspects developed. Religious
What distinguishes Black/Africana Studies from the "study" of Black people found in most other disciplines?

It is a holistic, interdisciplinary, and systematic approach to examining Black experiences AND It was founded during the height of student activism and protests during the 1960s AND It challenges the Eurocentric biases and worldview inherent in many traditional disciplines 

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What were the main tenets of Garveyism?

He advocated Black self-help, self-reliance, self-determination, and that Blacks return back to Africa AND he established numerous Black controlled institutions in order to model a "Black nation." 

What were the three ways that enslaved Africans laid the foundation for the U.S. economy? On the plantations as workers, during trade as commodities, and in the economy as properties. 
Name the two primary realms of culture that protected enslaved people of African descent against dehumanization. Family (societal) and Religion (reflective) 
TRUE OR FALSE: Between 1790 and 1860, the percentage of free Blacks continued to increase in comparison to the total Black population.
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How did Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois' philosophies regarding education for African Americans differ? Washington preferred practical, vocational education, whille Du Bois thought Blacks should study history, literature, languages, and the classic. 
How was the innovation of jazz music different from the spirituals or blues? It featured drums as a driving force in musical arrangements. 
Why did African Americans feel a connection to Ethiopia during the 1935 Italian invasion? Many held Pan African sympathies and saw the invasion as an attack on all Blacks AND they saw biblical connection to Ethiopia in Psalms 68:31
Identify the definitions of material and non-material culture. Material culture is physical and tangible while non-material is based on ideas and philosophies
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What was the first Black religious denomination founded in North America? African Methodist Episcopal
How did African independence change the way Black artists in North America depicted Africans? African Americans went to Africa and now visualized real life Africans. 
What two musical elements characterized spirituals? African five-tone scales and Christian hymns
What new Black nationalist religious movement began during the Great Depression? Nation of Islam
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What are some of the tenets of Critical Race Theory? Centrality and intersectionality of race AND commitment to social justice
Identify the dimensions of Black religiosity in North America during the 18th Century. Evngelical preaching, AME, and spiritual practices
A set of learned and shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes a group of people is a
How was the "New Negro" represented differently from the "old Negro" stereotype during the Harlem Renaissance? Usually dressed in a suit, depicted as a man with pride in his Blackness, and as someone who is not afraid to fight.
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What aspects of African languages were spoken in North America during the early 1900s? African grammars with English vocabularies 
What is the definition of Diaspora? The forced dispersal of a group from their homeland    
How did Bishop Daniel Payne and the Rev. Henry McNeal Turner disagree over beliefs and worship practices in the AME in the South? Payne favored an educated ministry while Rev. Turner preferred exhortation along traditional Black southern lines.    
The second phase of the Trans Atlantic Slave trade is also referred to as The Middle Passage
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What three ancient African empires constituted the philosophical basis of Ethiopianism? Egypt, Cush, and Ethiopia
What rituals and traditions characterized the sanctified church movement? (3 answers)

1. Zora Neal Hurston described the church as similar to African spiritual traditions referring to it as a "Voodoo Christian sect."

2. It developed a new type of sacred music building upon the tradition of spirituals which they called Gospel music.

3. Practitioners primarily lived "pure" lives waiting for Jesus' return: no drinking, sinful music,or profane language. 

____________________ & ____________________ happened in the 1920s to affect the way African Americans thought about Africa? Marcus Garvey's UNIA & the Harlem Renaissance 
What is the name of the traditionally Dutch holiday that free Blacks in New York reinterpreted in which they crowned a King, drummed, paraded, danced, sang, drank and staged ceremonies featuring those born in Africa? Pinkster
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What was the name of the first institution founded by free Blacks in the North? Free African Union Society
What is the name for the process of accepting certain parts of a dominant culture and blending them with one's own cultural beliefs? Cultural negotiation
What were some of the programs of the UNIA? Black Star Line and Negro World Newspaper
According to Painter, which of the following African American cultural attributes have African origins? Language, musical rhythms, call & response, and clothing style
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Beyond the rhetoric of the American Revolution, what did "freedom" tangibly mean for the small number of free Blacks in North America before the end of slavery? Choose type of work, move about, and earn wages 
What did enslavement "cost" people of African descent? The freedom to move about and the ability to become wealthy
Which country received the largest number of enslaved Africans during the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade? Brazil
Why did Harlem become the cultural nexus of the New Negro movement NY was the hub for publishing companies and the NAACP and NUL were headquartered there
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According to the reading and lecture, what does the assertion "the enslaved were not given their freedom, they earned it" mean? The servitude of Blacks in the war effort, more than 200,000 Blacks served in army, and Blacks performing a 'general strike' in South. 
What are examples of a societal culture? fictive kindship practice, children took status of mother, non-traditional families
What are exmaples material culture? food, items
What are examples of expressive culture? folktales, proverbs, work songs, poetry
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What are examples reflective culture? religion, ring shouts, call and response
What came out of A. Philip Randolph's threat to FDR that he would lead a March on Washington Movement of 100,000 angry Black workers to DC demanding better jobs and the desegregation of the military? FDR implemented EO 8802 starting the Fair Employment Practices Act prohibiting racism in national defense work
What phrase did Stokely Carmichael help popularize in 1966? BLACK POWER
According to Painter, what factor is the most important in accounting for the wealth disparity between Blacks and Whites? Owning a home
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how does the description of "authentic blackness" in relationship to Hip-Hop, narrow African American identity?  It reduces all Black people to only being young, poor, oppressed Black men of the ghetto. 
Painter discusses how during the 1950s, the US govt divided the world into three parts. In which part did she suggest many African American intellectuals aligned themselves and why? 3rd world because of the belief that the 'struggle' had to do with poverty
Michigan Representative John Conyers has continuously introduced HR 40 in Congress to study the work of Black slaves in building Washington DC. Why is the 40 symbolic? It represents the 40 acres and a mule that freed African Americans were supposed to receive for reparations
Name some of the leading Bebop jazz figures.... Monk, Park, Miles Davis, Gillespie... etc...
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what cultural nationalist organization did Maulana Karenga organize after the Watts riots? the US organization
What civil rights did the SNCC do? Voter registrations and sit-ins
Who was the African American author that wrote Go Tell it on the Mountain and Notes of a Native Son? Baldwin, James.
What economic ideology did the BPP advocate? Marxism and communism
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How had Malcolm X's political and racial beliefs changed by the time he was assassinated? He was a Pan African who saw the struggle in Mississippi the same as that in Congo and he also began to view economic class as important factor in understanding the plight of Blacks
How has politicized Black music and arts been vital to the civil/human rights struggle and progress of African Americans? It was inspiration, it disseminated the aims of the political struggle, and it was a tool to liberate.
Identify some of the background causes of urban rebellions in the 1960s. Severe unemployment and police brutality
What does Painter claim are the reasons why "rap music" is more marketable than other dimensions of Hip-Hop culture? Easier to commodify
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Based on what you've learned this semester, what is the primary purpose of Africana Studies? To systematically explore and study the past and present experiences, characteristics, achievements, issues, identities, and problems facing people of African descent.
Which social group of people benefited most from Affirmative Action policies? White women
What were some of the themes in Lorraine Hansberry's play Raisin in the Sun? It examined the struggle of the black working class, it analyzed the idea of inherent gender roles between men and home, and it explored the strategies of identification within Africa
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 Name the two major historical events that led to the New Negro movement and Harlem RenaissanceWW1 and Great Migration
 ___________________ or the merging of various fields of study/knowledge makes Black Studies different from "traditional" fields of study.Interdisciplinarity 
 What does reparations mean for people of African descent and who was one of the first Black people to advocate for them?Compensation for unpaid labor/Callie House 
 What was the relationship between early African American churches in the North and educational institutions?Schools were often organized in churches since they were the few spaces Blacks controlled. 
 In 1903, W.E.B. Du Bois coined the phrase ___________________ to represent how people of African descent in the U.S. were invisible to most nonblacks except for racist stereotypes and caricatures.Behind the veil
 True or False: The modern system of racial discrimination emerged as a justification for the enslavement of Africans. 
 Painter identifies ___________________ as the foundation of African American cultural identity from which many other aspects developed.Religious
 What distinguishes Black/Africana Studies from the "study" of Black people found in most other disciplines?

It is a holistic, interdisciplinary, and systematic approach to examining Black experiences AND It was founded during the height of student activism and protests during the 1960s AND It challenges the Eurocentric biases and worldview inherent in many traditional disciplines 

 What were the main tenets of Garveyism?

He advocated Black self-help, self-reliance, self-determination, and that Blacks return back to Africa AND he established numerous Black controlled institutions in order to model a "Black nation." 

 What were the three ways that enslaved Africans laid the foundation for the U.S. economy?On the plantations as workers, during trade as commodities, and in the economy as properties. 
 Name the two primary realms of culture that protected enslaved people of African descent against dehumanization.Family (societal) and Religion (reflective) 
 TRUE OR FALSE: Between 1790 and 1860, the percentage of free Blacks continued to increase in comparison to the total Black population. 
 How did Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois' philosophies regarding education for African Americans differ?Washington preferred practical, vocational education, whille Du Bois thought Blacks should study history, literature, languages, and the classic. 
 How was the innovation of jazz music different from the spirituals or blues?It featured drums as a driving force in musical arrangements. 
 Why did African Americans feel a connection to Ethiopia during the 1935 Italian invasion?Many held Pan African sympathies and saw the invasion as an attack on all Blacks AND they saw biblical connection to Ethiopia in Psalms 68:31
 Identify the definitions of material and non-material culture.Material culture is physical and tangible while non-material is based on ideas and philosophies
 What was the first Black religious denomination founded in North America?African Methodist Episcopal
 How did African independence change the way Black artists in North America depicted Africans?African Americans went to Africa and now visualized real life Africans. 
 What two musical elements characterized spirituals?African five-tone scales and Christian hymns
 What new Black nationalist religious movement began during the Great Depression?Nation of Islam
 What are some of the tenets of Critical Race Theory?Centrality and intersectionality of race AND commitment to social justice
 Identify the dimensions of Black religiosity in North America during the 18th Century.Evngelical preaching, AME, and spiritual practices
 A set of learned and shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes a group of people is a 
 How was the "New Negro" represented differently from the "old Negro" stereotype during the Harlem Renaissance?Usually dressed in a suit, depicted as a man with pride in his Blackness, and as someone who is not afraid to fight.
 What aspects of African languages were spoken in North America during the early 1900s?African grammars with English vocabularies 
 What is the definition of Diaspora?The forced dispersal of a group from their homeland    
 How did Bishop Daniel Payne and the Rev. Henry McNeal Turner disagree over beliefs and worship practices in the AME in the South?Payne favored an educated ministry while Rev. Turner preferred exhortation along traditional Black southern lines.    
 The second phase of the Trans Atlantic Slave trade is also referred to asThe Middle Passage
 What three ancient African empires constituted the philosophical basis of Ethiopianism?Egypt, Cush, and Ethiopia
 What rituals and traditions characterized the sanctified church movement? (3 answers)

1. Zora Neal Hurston described the church as similar to African spiritual traditions referring to it as a "Voodoo Christian sect."

2. It developed a new type of sacred music building upon the tradition of spirituals which they called Gospel music.

3. Practitioners primarily lived "pure" lives waiting for Jesus' return: no drinking, sinful music,or profane language. 

 ____________________ & ____________________ happened in the 1920s to affect the way African Americans thought about Africa?Marcus Garvey's UNIA & the Harlem Renaissance 
 What is the name of the traditionally Dutch holiday that free Blacks in New York reinterpreted in which they crowned a King, drummed, paraded, danced, sang, drank and staged ceremonies featuring those born in Africa?Pinkster
 What was the name of the first institution founded by free Blacks in the North?Free African Union Society
 What is the name for the process of accepting certain parts of a dominant culture and blending them with one's own cultural beliefs?Cultural negotiation
 What were some of the programs of the UNIA?Black Star Line and Negro World Newspaper
 According to Painter, which of the following African American cultural attributes have African origins?Language, musical rhythms, call & response, and clothing style
 Beyond the rhetoric of the American Revolution, what did "freedom" tangibly mean for the small number of free Blacks in North America before the end of slavery?Choose type of work, move about, and earn wages 
 What did enslavement "cost" people of African descent?The freedom to move about and the ability to become wealthy
 Which country received the largest number of enslaved Africans during the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade?Brazil
 Why did Harlem become the cultural nexus of the New Negro movementNY was the hub for publishing companies and the NAACP and NUL were headquartered there
 According to the reading and lecture, what does the assertion "the enslaved were not given their freedom, they earned it" mean?The servitude of Blacks in the war effort, more than 200,000 Blacks served in army, and Blacks performing a 'general strike' in South. 
 What are examples of a societal culture?fictive kindship practice, children took status of mother, non-traditional families
 What are exmaples material culture?food, items
 What are examples of expressive culture?folktales, proverbs, work songs, poetry
 What are examples reflective culture?religion, ring shouts, call and response
 What came out of A. Philip Randolph's threat to FDR that he would lead a March on Washington Movement of 100,000 angry Black workers to DC demanding better jobs and the desegregation of the military?FDR implemented EO 8802 starting the Fair Employment Practices Act prohibiting racism in national defense work
 What phrase did Stokely Carmichael help popularize in 1966?BLACK POWER
 According to Painter, what factor is the most important in accounting for the wealth disparity between Blacks and Whites?Owning a home
 how does the description of "authentic blackness" in relationship to Hip-Hop, narrow African American identity? It reduces all Black people to only being young, poor, oppressed Black men of the ghetto. 
 Painter discusses how during the 1950s, the US govt divided the world into three parts. In which part did she suggest many African American intellectuals aligned themselves and why?3rd world because of the belief that the 'struggle' had to do with poverty
 Michigan Representative John Conyers has continuously introduced HR 40 in Congress to study the work of Black slaves in building Washington DC. Why is the 40 symbolic?It represents the 40 acres and a mule that freed African Americans were supposed to receive for reparations
 Name some of the leading Bebop jazz figures....Monk, Park, Miles Davis, Gillespie... etc...
 what cultural nationalist organization did Maulana Karenga organize after the Watts riots?the US organization
 What civil rights did the SNCC do?Voter registrations and sit-ins
 Who was the African American author that wrote Go Tell it on the Mountain and Notes of a Native Son?Baldwin, James.
 What economic ideology did the BPP advocate?Marxism and communism
 How had Malcolm X's political and racial beliefs changed by the time he was assassinated?He was a Pan African who saw the struggle in Mississippi the same as that in Congo and he also began to view economic class as important factor in understanding the plight of Blacks
 How has politicized Black music and arts been vital to the civil/human rights struggle and progress of African Americans?It was inspiration, it disseminated the aims of the political struggle, and it was a tool to liberate.
 Identify some of the background causes of urban rebellions in the 1960s.Severe unemployment and police brutality
 What does Painter claim are the reasons why "rap music" is more marketable than other dimensions of Hip-Hop culture?Easier to commodify
 Based on what you've learned this semester, what is the primary purpose of Africana Studies?To systematically explore and study the past and present experiences, characteristics, achievements, issues, identities, and problems facing people of African descent.
 Which social group of people benefited most from Affirmative Action policies?White women
 What were some of the themes in Lorraine Hansberry's play Raisin in the Sun?It examined the struggle of the black working class, it analyzed the idea of inherent gender roles between men and home, and it explored the strategies of identification within Africa
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