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2011 Final Exam (Eric Hodges) - Flashcards

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Class:PHIL 1204 - Knowledge and Reality
Subject:Philosophy
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Fall 2011
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Fallacy
faulty form of reasoning
Principle of Sufficient Reason
everything has a cause
Infinite Regress
everything has a cause going all the way back forever
Platonism
the belief in abstract objects, such as numbers, as well as material objets
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Nominalism
only material objects exist, reject existence of abstract objects
Innate
born with, exists within
Essence
qualities, without which something couldn't be what it is
Agnosticism
the belief that one cannot know if there is a God
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Monism
there is only one thing, the body (or the spirit)
Necessary Truth
something for which the denial of leads to a contradiction such as: a triangle has three sides
A priori
known independent of the experience
A posteriori
known after experience
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Determinism
everything is predetermined
no free will
biological processes dictate what we do
Empiricism
knowledge based on experience
Rationalism
things can be known independent of experience (Des Carte & Plato)
Analytic Statement
tells us something within the definition (nothing new learned, similar to necessary truth)
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Synthetic Statement
tells us something new, not in the definition
Spirit (Heidegger)
thing that animates all else or gives meaning to something at a certain time (Gods)
Metaphysics
branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world
Epistemology
the study of knowledge and justified belief
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Proposition
a statement that supports a notion
Argument (philosophy)
a sound argument for which the premises support the conclusion; a sound argument is one which the conclusion follows logically from the premises and the premises are true.
God (philosophy)
greatest conceivable being possessing all perceptions
Correspondence Theory of Truth
what is true is what corresponds to the real world
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Coherence Theory of Truth
a truth that is coherent with other sets of truths and beliefs I hold
Pragmatist Theory of Truth
what is true is what is useful
Skepticism
Descartes skepticism that one cannot trust one's own senses
Perception
Perception is the process of attaining awareness or understanding of the environment by organizing and interpreting sensory information.
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 Fallacy
faulty form of reasoning
 Principle of Sufficient Reason
everything has a cause
 Infinite Regress
everything has a cause going all the way back forever
 Platonism
the belief in abstract objects, such as numbers, as well as material objets
 Nominalism
only material objects exist, reject existence of abstract objects
 Innate
born with, exists within
 Essence
qualities, without which something couldn't be what it is
 Agnosticism
the belief that one cannot know if there is a God
 Monism
there is only one thing, the body (or the spirit)
 Necessary Truth
something for which the denial of leads to a contradiction such as: a triangle has three sides
 A priori
known independent of the experience
 A posteriori
known after experience
 Determinism
everything is predetermined
no free will
biological processes dictate what we do
 Empiricism
knowledge based on experience
 Rationalism
things can be known independent of experience (Des Carte & Plato)
 Analytic Statement
tells us something within the definition (nothing new learned, similar to necessary truth)
 Synthetic Statement
tells us something new, not in the definition
 Spirit (Heidegger)
thing that animates all else or gives meaning to something at a certain time (Gods)
 Metaphysics
branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world
 Epistemology
the study of knowledge and justified belief
 Proposition
a statement that supports a notion
 Argument (philosophy)
a sound argument for which the premises support the conclusion; a sound argument is one which the conclusion follows logically from the premises and the premises are true.
 God (philosophy)
greatest conceivable being possessing all perceptions
 Correspondence Theory of Truth
what is true is what corresponds to the real world
 Coherence Theory of Truth
a truth that is coherent with other sets of truths and beliefs I hold
 Pragmatist Theory of Truth
what is true is what is useful
 Skepticism
Descartes skepticism that one cannot trust one's own senses
 Perception
Perception is the process of attaining awareness or understanding of the environment by organizing and interpreting sensory information.
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