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CARDSLIST? pages PRINTEXIT

What is an argument?

a structured series of statements aimed at establishing some conclusion

What are the parts to an argument?

premises
conclusion

What is a valid argument?

if the premises are all true, then the conclusion must be true

What is a sound argument?

a valid argument with all true premises

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What are the steps for evaluation of an argument?

- test it for validity- can the conclusion still be false even if all the premises were true?
- test for soundness- are all the premises in fact true?

What are the three standard valid forms of inference?

P1: If A is true, then B is true
P2: A is true.
C: Therefore, B is true.
P1: If A is true, then B is true.
P2: B is not true.
C: Therefore, A is not true.
P1: All A are B.
P2: X is an A.
C: Therefore, X is a B.

What do permissible, impermissible, and obligatory mean?

Permissible= morally OK
Impermissible= morally wrong
Obligatory= morally required, wrong to fail to perform

What is the difference between rights and duties?

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What is an argument?

a structured series of statements aimed at establishing some conclusion

What are the parts to an argument?

premises
conclusion

What is a valid argument?

if the premises are all true, then the conclusion must be true

What is a sound argument?

a valid argument with all true premises

What are the steps for evaluation of an argument?

- test it for validity- can the conclusion still be false even if all the premises were true?
- test for soundness- are all the premises in fact true?

What are the three standard valid forms of inference?

P1: If A is true, then B is true
P2: A is true.
C: Therefore, B is true.

P1: If A is true, then B is true.
P2: B is not true.
C: Therefore, A is not true.

P1: All A are B.
P2: X is an A.
C: Therefore, X is a B.

What do permissible, impermissible, and obligatory mean?

Permissible= morally OK
Impermissible= morally wrong
Obligatory= morally required, wrong to fail to perform

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