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Exam 1 - Flashcards

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Class:PHIL 1304 - Morality and Justice
Subject:Philosophy
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Fall 2010
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What is an argument? a structured series of statements aimed at establishing some conclusion
What are the parts to an argument? premises conclusion
What is a valid argument? if the premises are all true, then the conclusion must be true
What is a sound argument? a valid argument with all true premises
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What are the steps for evaluation of an argument? - test it for validity- can the conclusion still be false even if all the premises were true? - test for soundness- are all the premises in fact true?
What are the three standard valid forms of inference? P1: If A is true, then B is true P2: A is true. C: Therefore, B is true. P1: If A is true, then B is true. P2: B is not true. C: Therefore, A is not true. P1: All A are B. P2: X is an A. C: Therefore, X is a B.
What do permissible, impermissible, and obligatory mean? Permissible= morally OK Impermissible= morally wrong Obligatory= morally required, wrong to fail to perform
What is the difference between rights and duties?
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 What is an argument?a structured series of statements aimed at establishing some conclusion
 What are the parts to an argument?premises
conclusion
 What is a valid argument?if the premises are all true, then the conclusion must be true
 What is a sound argument?a valid argument with all true premises
 What are the steps for evaluation of an argument?- test it for validity- can the conclusion still be false even if all the premises were true?
- test for soundness- are all the premises in fact true?
 What are the three standard valid forms of inference?P1: If A is true, then B is true
P2: A is true.
C: Therefore, B is true.

P1: If A is true, then B is true.
P2: B is not true.
C: Therefore, A is not true.

P1: All A are B.
P2: X is an A.
C: Therefore, X is a B.
 What do permissible, impermissible, and obligatory mean?Permissible= morally OK
Impermissible= morally wrong
Obligatory= morally required, wrong to fail to perform
 What is the difference between rights and duties? 
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