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final exam - Flashcards

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Class:PHIL 2304 - Global Ethics
Subject:Philosophy
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Spring 2011
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raphael lemkin polish lawyer of jewish descent who coined the term, genocide.
radovan karadzic supreme commander of the Bosnian Serb Armed Forces and the President of the National Security Council of the Bosnian Serb Army, who was allegedly responsible for the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica Massacre.
cyrus vance and david owen cyrus vance was the UN Special Envoy to Bosnia, and david owen was the EU represenatative; they negotiated a peace plan for the ending of the War in Bosnia.
lothar von trotha german military commander who conducted the Herero Wars in Namibia, who led the near-extermination of the Herero in 1904-05.
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romeo dallaire UN Force Commander of UNAMIR, went to Rwanda to supervise the implementation of the Arusha Accords. when he got there, the hutu were loaded with weapons that were to be sued for attack on Tutsis. Unfortunately, dallaire was unable to seize the weapons - making the mission a failure.
ratko mladic Chief of Staff of the Bosnian Serb Army, and was responsible for the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre - accused of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
unamir united nations assistance mission for rwanda - its mission was to implement the Arusha Accords that were supposed to end the rwandan civil war. however, the mission was a failure.
republics of yugoslavia bosnia, croatia, macedonia, montenegro, serbia, slovenia
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ethnic groups in bosnia bosnians - muslims, serbs - orthodox christians, croats - catholic christians, distinguished by religious affiliation.
guantanamo bay naval base united states naval base in cuba with a military prison holding alleged unlawful combatants as detainees. the U.S. holds them there because the prisoners aren't protected the Geneva Conventions.
rwanda ethnic groups tutsi - aristocratic class, hutu - peasants; conflict occurred between them because of social distinctions created by german colonialism.
arusha accords set of 5 protocols that were to end the rwanda civil war, negotiating for a sharing of power between the hutu and rwandan government, but both sides didn't like the idea of sharing power - ultimately the assassination of the burundian president of hutu descent triggered the rwandan genocide.
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srebrenica in july 1995 srebrenica massacre - more than 8,000 bosnian men and boys killed by the units of bosnian serb army, under general ratko mladic, during the bosnian war.
UN safe zones in eastern Bosnia srebrenica, sarajevo, zepa
bosnian conflict's end washington agreement, dividing combined territory of croats and bosnians into 10 autonomous cantons, establishing the federation of bosnia and herzegovina.
genocide convention definition genocide - intent of destroying a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.
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weinberger/powell doctrine US doctrine listing points determining when the US could commit troops in military engagements - ex. last resort, vital interest of US/ally, etc.
rights, human rights rights=rectitude, entitlement, human rights - entitlements one has simply for being a human being.
negative and positive rights henry shue - negative rights - security rights, positive rights - subsistence rights.
human security absence of threats, focus on physical safety. different from earlier national concepts of security in that it focuses on the individual as opposed to the whole.
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problem of internal legitimacy of humanitarian intervention revised discretionary association view - states may owe a duty to non-citizens while putting its own citizens at risk. how can government morally justify humanitarian intervention to its own citizens?
coady's criticism against humanitarian intervention cautiously optimistic - saying it is a dangerous illusion to think we can solve every problem with military might.
substantive and justificatory minimalism substantive minimalism calls for a shorter list of human rights in otrder to appeal to all political society, endorsing pluralism and tolerance.

justificatory minimalism relies solely on autonomously justified human rights devoid of religious or ethical moral views - hoping for a longer list of human rights.
treaty bodies based on human rights treaties, used for treaty application and interpretation, and binding for state parties. ex. CCPR (human rights committee), CESCR (committee on economical, social, cultural rights), CERD (committee on the elimination of racial discrimination), CEDAW (committee on the elimination of discrimination against women), CAT (committee against torture).
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charter-based human rights bodies based on the UN charter, for all un member states; human rights council and other bodies.
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 raphael lemkinpolish lawyer of jewish descent who coined the term, genocide.
 radovan karadzicsupreme commander of the Bosnian Serb Armed Forces and the President of the National Security Council of the Bosnian Serb Army, who was allegedly responsible for the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica Massacre.
 cyrus vance and david owencyrus vance was the UN Special Envoy to Bosnia, and david owen was the EU represenatative; they negotiated a peace plan for the ending of the War in Bosnia.
 lothar von trothagerman military commander who conducted the Herero Wars in Namibia, who led the near-extermination of the Herero in 1904-05.
 romeo dallaireUN Force Commander of UNAMIR, went to Rwanda to supervise the implementation of the Arusha Accords. when he got there, the hutu were loaded with weapons that were to be sued for attack on Tutsis. Unfortunately, dallaire was unable to seize the weapons - making the mission a failure.
 ratko mladicChief of Staff of the Bosnian Serb Army, and was responsible for the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre - accused of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
 unamirunited nations assistance mission for rwanda - its mission was to implement the Arusha Accords that were supposed to end the rwandan civil war. however, the mission was a failure.
 republics of yugoslaviabosnia, croatia, macedonia, montenegro, serbia, slovenia
 ethnic groups in bosniabosnians - muslims, serbs - orthodox christians, croats - catholic christians, distinguished by religious affiliation.
 guantanamo bay naval baseunited states naval base in cuba with a military prison holding alleged unlawful combatants as detainees. the U.S. holds them there because the prisoners aren't protected the Geneva Conventions.
 rwanda ethnic groupstutsi - aristocratic class, hutu - peasants; conflict occurred between them because of social distinctions created by german colonialism.
 arusha accordsset of 5 protocols that were to end the rwanda civil war, negotiating for a sharing of power between the hutu and rwandan government, but both sides didn't like the idea of sharing power - ultimately the assassination of the burundian president of hutu descent triggered the rwandan genocide.
 srebrenica in july 1995srebrenica massacre - more than 8,000 bosnian men and boys killed by the units of bosnian serb army, under general ratko mladic, during the bosnian war.
 UN safe zones in eastern Bosniasrebrenica, sarajevo, zepa
 bosnian conflict's endwashington agreement, dividing combined territory of croats and bosnians into 10 autonomous cantons, establishing the federation of bosnia and herzegovina.
 genocide convention definitiongenocide - intent of destroying a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.
 weinberger/powell doctrineUS doctrine listing points determining when the US could commit troops in military engagements - ex. last resort, vital interest of US/ally, etc.
 rights, human rightsrights=rectitude, entitlement, human rights - entitlements one has simply for being a human being.
 negative and positive rightshenry shue - negative rights - security rights, positive rights - subsistence rights.
 human securityabsence of threats, focus on physical safety. different from earlier national concepts of security in that it focuses on the individual as opposed to the whole.
 problem of internal legitimacy of humanitarian interventionrevised discretionary association view - states may owe a duty to non-citizens while putting its own citizens at risk. how can government morally justify humanitarian intervention to its own citizens?
 coady's criticism against humanitarian interventioncautiously optimistic - saying it is a dangerous illusion to think we can solve every problem with military might.
 substantive and justificatory minimalismsubstantive minimalism calls for a shorter list of human rights in otrder to appeal to all political society, endorsing pluralism and tolerance.

justificatory minimalism relies solely on autonomously justified human rights devoid of religious or ethical moral views - hoping for a longer list of human rights.
 treaty bodiesbased on human rights treaties, used for treaty application and interpretation, and binding for state parties. ex. CCPR (human rights committee), CESCR (committee on economical, social, cultural rights), CERD (committee on the elimination of racial discrimination), CEDAW (committee on the elimination of discrimination against women), CAT (committee against torture).
 charter-basedhuman rights bodies based on the UN charter, for all un member states; human rights council and other bodies.
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