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Quiz 2 Terms - Flashcards

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Class:POLI 205 - MODERN COMPARATIVE POLITICS
Subject:Political Science
University:Ramapo College of New Jersey
Term:Fall 2010
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Weimar Republic 1919-1933 Democratic German Republic unstable
Prussia Powerful North German state, Berlin is it's capital
Third Reich 1933-1945- name for Germany while governed by Adolf Hitler (National Socialist German Workers Party)
Kaiser German word for Caesar; Emperor
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Otto Von Bismarck Prime Minister of Prussia from 1862-1890 oversaw the unification of Germany
Hohenzollern noble family and royal dynasty- kings and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania
Gerhard Schroeder Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005 (a social democrat) *Chancellor is prime miniser in german- (not needed for exam)
SPD German Social Democratic Party 2nd bigest party in germany 23% of vote
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CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany centre-right conservative party 34% of vote
CSU Christian Social Union of Bavaria
Left Party...formerly PDS (Party of Democratic Socialism) 8% of vote closely tied with green party
Horst Kohler President of Germany from 2004-2010 head of state
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Ossi and Wessi OSSI-Easteners Wessi- Westerners
Basic Law (Grundgesetz) consituional law of Germany for the federal republic of germany.
Chancellor German for Prime Minister Federal Council of Austria
BundesRAT Upper Chamber of German Parliament that represents states
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BundesTAG Lower house of German parliament
Landtag German State Legislature
Die Grunen (Green) interest group at first, that turnd into the green politcal partry- ecologoy SEE SLIDES
Free Democratic Party (FDP) a classical liberal party in Germany led by Gudio Westerwlle 3rd largest party in germany 14 centre
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"two plus" party system two big parties and several small ones
German Democratic Republic 1949-1990 socialist state of gemerany
5% Electoral Rule (threshold clause) in order to get PR you must get 5% electoral Vote
Constructive Vote of No Confidence requires German parliament to vote in a new cabinet when it outs the current one
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Positive Vote of no Confidence decison to replace the chancellor in germany
Social Market Economy (Sozialmarkt) when German government takes in welfare state the main economic model used in West Germany after World War II.
Konrad Adenauer first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany; 1949–63),
Land pl. Laender equirlvent of a US state
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Joschka Fischer German leader of the Alliance' 90/ the Greens
Gastarbeiter german for "guest workers"- temporary labor allowd into Germany
Codetermination (Mitbestimmung) alowing for German workforce to be respresented
Burgerinitiativen (Citizen Initatives) citizens interest groups
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Angela Merkel the current Chancellor of Germany CDU
Adolf Hitler leader of the national socialist german workers party, known as the nAZI pARTY
Bonn Republic West Germany 1949-1990, with Captial in Bonn.
Bavaria a state of Germany, located in the southeast of the Country
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Willy Brandt Chancellor of West Germany 1969-1974 former leader of Social Democratic Party (SPD)
Wirtschaftswunder German for "Economic Miracle"
Gudio Westerwlle currently Foreign Minister and Vice Chancellor of Germany
Grand Coalition coalition of two or more large parties who previously opposed each other in germanys case... since 2005 coalition between the Christian Democrats and the Social Democrats
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Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, Hokkaido 4 main islands of Japan
Okinawa island where the US marine Core is located, there are issues because the Japanese people want it to be removed
The National Diet Japense 2 chamberd legilslature See SLIDES
Daimyo Feudal Japanese lords
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Shogun Fuedal Japanese military Cheif who ruled in name of emperor
Iron Triangle in japan... government minsitries, heads of keiretsu, head of democratic party broadly.. poltiicans, beureacrats, businesspeople
Zaibatsu Japenese word for great economic conglomerates Formed during Meiji Govnermnet dismantled during alliance occuption
Keiretsu allianged companies after the dismantlamentment of the Zaibatsu vertial and horistnal aligned around a central bank
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Multimember Constituency more than one representing district ask class, see slides
Hirochito Japense Emperor from 1926-1939
Junichiro Koizumi japense prime minsiter from 01-06 liberal democrat
Douglas MacArthur The American general who led SCAP
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Ministry of Economics, Trade and Industry (METI) formerly MITI The Japanese government ministry which deals with the economic, industrial, and trade-related issues of the country. It was created in 1949 as the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and was renamed in 2001 after merging with other agencies related to the country's economy.
House of Councillors The is the upper house of the Diet of Japan.
House of Representatives Lower house of the Diet of Japan
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Japands long-dominant party liberals and democrats merge to from LDP
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Social Democratic Party of Japan (formerly Socialist Party) opposition party until late 1990's
Democratic Party the ruling party of japan today
Art. 9 of Japans Constitution written postwar- acts of war are not a sovereign right of the state see slides
SCAP (supreme commander of allies powers) name for the American occupannts lead by Douglas MacArtuher
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Komeito/ New Komeito right political party in Japan see slides
Shinto original religion of Japand
Akihito, Heisei Emperor Akithito is the current emporer of japan since 1989 Heisei Emperor
Meiji Restoration Period of Japenese history from 1868-1912 abolished fuedlaism, modernizes
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Tokugawa Period (Shogunate) Dynasty of Shoguns who ruled Japand from 1600-to 1868 last period of Feudalism in Japan
Taisho Democracy the begining of democracy in Japan
Developmental State concept that Japan is a state governed by the administrative guidance of the economy
Dominant Party System One in whcih one party is much stronger than all the others, and stays in office for a very long time "one party winning election after election"
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Prefecture 47 subordinate levels of Japan First-order Japenese civil division, like French Deparment.
Northern Territories Issue to the north of the 4 main islands
Self-Defense Force Japanese Military
Yukio Hatoyama Prime Minster of Japan from 2009-to 2010
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Ken? 47 prefective level governments see slides- ask class
Habatsu party faction
Sarariman while collar office worker, middle class in japan
yen japanese currency
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Subsidiarity (EU)- letting smaller government units decide most questions simliar to americans 10th amendment "resevered to the states"
Javiar Solana former main spokesman for EU security matters see slide
Jose Manuel Barroso President of European Commission from portugaul
Single European Act 1986 The Single European Act (SEA) was the first major revision of the 1957 Treaty of Rome. wanted to create a single market see slides
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European Community new name for Common Market
Euro currency for most of West Europe since 2002, worth $1.4 dollars in 2010
European Commission The European Commission is the adminstrative executive body of the European Union.
Council of Minsters another name for European Council, was formarlly known as council of ministers
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European Council Main decision making body of EU is the principal decision-making institution of the European Union
European Parliament representative legislature of EU
Maastricht Treaty on European Union The Maastricht Treaty 1992 creates the European Union, which consists of three pillars: the European Communities common foreign and security policy and police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters.
Common Market (EEC) European Econimic Community 3 pillars of EEC 1.trade and economy 2.cooperation in justice and home affairs 3. common foriegn and security policies
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Treaty of Rome 1957 created common market
Treaty of Lisbon came into affect in 2009, created a 2.5 year presdient of the European Council and a high rep for foreign and secruity policy who serves as vice president of European Commision... (Cahterin Ashton)
Herman Van Rompuy President of the European Council
Catherine Ashton high representative deputy of European Commision
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Schengen Zone base of treaty of fair moblity between EU and not EU countrys
Eurocrat civil servant of the EU
European Court of Justice Highest court in the EU 15 judges
Acquis Communautaire body of european laws and regulations
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European Constitution rejected by france and neterhlands in 2005 see slides, ask class
European Central Bank Supervies interest rates, money supply, and inflation in the euro area headed by Jean-Claude Trichet located in germany
NATO military alliance starting in 1949 north atlantic treaty organization
Jean-Claude Trichet head of European central bank
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 Weimar Republic 1919-1933 Democratic German Republic

unstable
 PrussiaPowerful North German state, Berlin is it's capital
 Third Reich1933-1945- name for Germany while governed by Adolf Hitler (National Socialist German Workers Party)
 KaiserGerman word for Caesar; Emperor
 Otto Von BismarckPrime Minister of Prussia from 1862-1890

oversaw the unification of Germany
 Hohenzollernnoble family and royal dynasty- kings and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania
 Gerhard SchroederChancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005 (a social democrat)

*Chancellor is prime miniser in german- (not needed for exam)
 SPDGerman Social Democratic Party

2nd bigest party in germany 23% of vote
 CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany

centre-right conservative party


34% of vote
 CSUChristian Social Union of Bavaria
 Left Party...formerly PDS (Party of Democratic Socialism)8% of vote closely tied with green party
 Horst KohlerPresident of Germany from 2004-2010

head of state
 Ossi and WessiOSSI-Easteners

Wessi- Westerners
 Basic Law (Grundgesetz)consituional law of Germany

for the federal republic of germany.
 ChancellorGerman for Prime Minister Federal Council of Austria
 BundesRATUpper Chamber of German Parliament that represents states
 BundesTAGLower house of German parliament
 LandtagGerman State Legislature
 Die Grunen (Green)interest group at first, that turnd into the green politcal partry- ecologoy



SEE SLIDES
 Free Democratic Party (FDP)a classical liberal party in Germany

led by Gudio Westerwlle

3rd largest party in germany 14


centre
 "two plus" party systemtwo big parties and several small ones
 German Democratic Republic1949-1990 socialist state of gemerany
 5% Electoral Rule (threshold clause)in order to get PR you must get 5% electoral Vote
 Constructive Vote of No Confidencerequires German parliament to vote in a new cabinet when it outs the current one
 Positive Vote of no Confidencedecison to replace the chancellor in germany
 Social Market Economy (Sozialmarkt)when German government takes in welfare state

the main economic model used in West Germany after World War II.
 Konrad Adenauerfirst chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany; 1949–63),
 Land pl. Laenderequirlvent of a US state
 Joschka FischerGerman leader of the Alliance' 90/ the Greens
 Gastarbeitergerman for "guest workers"- temporary labor allowd into Germany
 Codetermination (Mitbestimmung)alowing for German workforce to be respresented
 Burgerinitiativen (Citizen Initatives)citizens interest groups
 Angela Merkelthe current Chancellor of Germany CDU
 Adolf Hitlerleader of the national socialist german workers party, known as the nAZI pARTY
 Bonn RepublicWest Germany 1949-1990, with Captial in Bonn.
 Bavariaa state of Germany, located in the southeast of the Country
 Willy BrandtChancellor of West Germany 1969-1974

former leader of Social Democratic Party (SPD)
 WirtschaftswunderGerman for "Economic Miracle"

 Gudio Westerwllecurrently Foreign Minister and Vice Chancellor of Germany
 Grand Coalitioncoalition of two or more large parties who previously opposed each other

in germanys case...

since 2005
coalition between the Christian Democrats and the Social Democrats
 Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, Hokkaido4 main islands of Japan
 Okinawaisland where the US marine Core is located, there are issues because the Japanese people want it to be removed
 The National DietJapense 2 chamberd legilslature

See SLIDES
 DaimyoFeudal Japanese lords
 ShogunFuedal Japanese military Cheif who ruled in name of emperor
 Iron Trianglein japan...

government minsitries, heads of keiretsu, head of democratic party

broadly..
poltiicans, beureacrats, businesspeople
 ZaibatsuJapenese word for great economic conglomerates

Formed during Meiji Govnermnet

dismantled during alliance occuption
 Keiretsuallianged companies after the dismantlamentment of the Zaibatsu

vertial and horistnal

aligned around a central bank



 Multimember Constituencymore than one representing district


ask class, see slides
 HirochitoJapense Emperor from 1926-1939
 Junichiro Koizumijapense prime minsiter from 01-06

liberal democrat
 Douglas MacArthurThe American general who led SCAP
 Ministry of Economics, Trade and Industry (METI) formerly MITIThe Japanese government ministry which deals with the economic, industrial, and trade-related issues of the country. It was created in 1949 as the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and was renamed in 2001 after merging with other agencies related to the country's economy.
 House of CouncillorsThe is the upper house of the Diet of Japan.
 House of RepresentativesLower house of the Diet of Japan
 Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)Japands long-dominant party

liberals and democrats merge to from LDP


 Social Democratic Party of Japan (formerly Socialist Party)opposition party until late 1990's
 Democratic Partythe ruling party of japan today
 Art. 9 of Japans Constitutionwritten postwar-

acts of war are not a sovereign right of the state



see slides
 SCAP (supreme commander of allies powers)name for the American occupannts
lead by Douglas MacArtuher


 Komeito/ New Komeitoright political party in Japan


see slides
 Shintooriginal religion of Japand
 Akihito, Heisei EmperorAkithito is the current emporer of japan since 1989

Heisei Emperor
 Meiji RestorationPeriod of Japenese history from 1868-1912

abolished fuedlaism,

modernizes


 Tokugawa Period (Shogunate)Dynasty of Shoguns who ruled Japand from 1600-to 1868

last period of Feudalism in Japan
 Taisho Democracythe begining of democracy in Japan
 Developmental Stateconcept that Japan is a state governed by the administrative guidance of the economy
 Dominant Party SystemOne in whcih one party is much stronger than all the others, and stays in office for a very long time


"one party winning election after election"
 Prefecture47 subordinate levels of Japan

First-order Japenese civil division, like French Deparment.
 Northern Territories Issueto the north of the 4 main islands
 Self-Defense ForceJapanese Military
 Yukio HatoyamaPrime Minster of Japan from 2009-to 2010
 Ken?47 prefective level governments

see slides- ask class
 Habatsuparty faction
 Sararimanwhile collar office worker, middle class in japan
 yenjapanese currency
 Subsidiarity(EU)- letting smaller government units decide most questions

simliar to americans 10th amendment "resevered to the states"
 Javiar Solanaformer main spokesman for EU security matters

see slide
 Jose Manuel BarrosoPresident of European Commission

from portugaul
 Single European Act 1986The Single European Act (SEA) was the first major revision of the 1957 Treaty of Rome.

wanted to create a single market


see slides
 European Communitynew name for Common Market
 Eurocurrency for most of West Europe since 2002, worth $1.4 dollars in 2010
 European CommissionThe European Commission is the adminstrative executive body of the European Union.
 Council of Minstersanother name for European Council, was formarlly known as council of ministers

 European Council Main decision making body of EU


is the principal decision-making institution of the European Union
 European Parliamentrepresentative legislature of EU
 Maastricht Treaty on European UnionThe Maastricht Treaty 1992 creates the European Union, which consists of three pillars:

the European Communities

common foreign and security policy and

police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters.
 Common Market (EEC)European Econimic Community

3 pillars of EEC
1.trade and economy
2.cooperation in justice and home affairs
3. common foriegn and security policies
 Treaty of Rome 1957created common market
 Treaty of Lisboncame into affect in 2009,

created a 2.5 year presdient of the European Council

and a high rep for foreign and secruity policy who serves as vice president of European Commision... (Cahterin Ashton)
 Herman Van RompuyPresident of the European Council
 Catherine Ashtonhigh representative deputy of European Commision
 Schengen Zonebase of treaty of fair moblity between EU and not EU countrys
 Eurocratcivil servant of the EU
 European Court of JusticeHighest court in the EU

15 judges
 Acquis Communautairebody of european laws and regulations
 European Constitutionrejected by france and neterhlands in 2005


see slides, ask class
 European Central BankSupervies interest rates, money supply, and inflation in the euro area

headed by Jean-Claude Trichet

located in germany
 NATOmilitary alliance starting in 1949

north atlantic treaty organization
 Jean-Claude Trichethead of European central bank
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