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Exam 2 - Flashcards

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Class:POLS 2302 - American Public Policy: Online Only
Subject:POLITICAL SCIENCE
University:Texas Tech University
Term:Fall 2010
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Energy Leasing Act of 1920 Allowed the government to lease public lands to oil companies and collect the royalties off of the production.
What was realized in 1973? We depend on foreign oil supplies and we need to begin preserving fossil fuels.
Policies Enacted in 1973 National 55 mph speed limit, yearly Daylight Savings Time, increase in federal funding for research and development of energy
Decentralization regulating agencies were fragmented and decentralized thus making strict and direct regulation of the oil industry difficult.
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Pro-Rationing regulation put on oil producers by the government involving production quotas to manage oil supply
What is OPEC? Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
What countries are involved in OPEC? Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Nigeria, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Iraq, Venezuela, Ecuador, Gabon, Libya, Algeria,
When did the US start importing oil? 1947
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National Energy Act of 1978 set up corporate average fuel economy standards that forced car producers to create cars with higher mpg
Energy policy in the 1980s The Reagan Administration reflected the idea that less legislation on energy was best. Policy was relaxed, conservation of energy was not a priority, and renewable energy research was reduced.
Energy policy in the 2000s National Energy Act of 2005 - tax credits for hybrid vehicles, increased funding for research and development of hydrogen fueled vehicles. Although little has been done to decrease our dependency on foreign sources of oil, the gas spike of 2008 helped spark interest in alternative fuel research.
Alternative Energy Sources wind, solar, water, nuclear
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Coal Liquefaction Production of synthetic fluid fuels from coal. Interest was higher in 1986 but has declined and this method is rarely used today.
Nuclear Power Atoms split and create energy, but this costs billions of dollars to create a plant, keep it running, and to dispose of it. This is also extremely dangerous as it can malfunction and cause disastrous explosions.
Democratic View on Environmental Policy protect the environment and have more public and government support Environmental policies.
Republican View on Environmental Policy argue that public involvement or civic environmentalism can be problematic when citizens lack the capacity to understand often complex environmental issues.
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White Collar Crime a non-violent crime that usually involves large sums of money gained in the form of embezzlement, fraud, identity theft, etc.
Street Crime Traditional crimes such as robbery, murder, rape, assault, etc.
Victimless Crimes crime that is committed without any victims other than the criminal him/herself. These include: drug abuse, prostitution, gambling, etc.
Procedural Rights The rights to due procedure in the event that a crime has been committed. These include miranda rights, rights to a fair trial, etc
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14th Amendment Establishes protection for the accused. No person may be denied person, property, or liberty without due process of law.
Patriot Act Act put in place by the Bush Administration enabling the government access to citizen's phone calls, emails, etc. This compromises US privacy, but increases security.
Exclusionary Rule Any evidence collected in an unlawful search and seizure cannot be used against the accused in a court of law.
Income Poverty for a family of 5 $20,615
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Income Poverty for 1 person $10,295
Income Poverty for a family of 9+ $41,588
What are the poorest states in the US? Alabama, Missouri, New Mexico, Texas, Washington DC, and Louisiana.
Government solutions for poverty Earned Income Credit, government housing programs, food stamps, unemployment benefits, social security
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Earned Income Credit Taxpayers receive credit for each dollar earned up to a certain point ($4,536)
Food Stamps Coupons or credit given to the poor to buy food. This cannot be changed into any form of cash.
Housing Urban Development Project (HUD) subsidized housing for low-income families
Rental Assistance Gives low income families rental vouchers
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Which countries are working to get oil from the Canadian Oil Sands? The US and Canada
How much tar sand is needed for one barrel of oil? 2 tons
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 Energy Leasing Act of 1920Allowed the government to lease public lands to oil companies and collect the royalties off of the production.
 What was realized in 1973?We depend on foreign oil supplies and we need to begin preserving fossil fuels.
 Policies Enacted in 1973National 55 mph speed limit, yearly Daylight Savings Time, increase in federal funding for research and development of energy
 Decentralizationregulating agencies were fragmented and decentralized thus making strict and direct regulation of the oil industry difficult.
 Pro-Rationingregulation put on oil producers by the government involving production quotas to manage oil supply
 What is OPEC?Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
 What countries are involved in OPEC?Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Nigeria, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Iraq, Venezuela, Ecuador, Gabon, Libya, Algeria,
 When did the US start importing oil?1947
 National Energy Act of 1978set up corporate average fuel economy standards that forced car producers to create cars with higher mpg
 Energy policy in the 1980sThe Reagan Administration reflected the idea that less legislation on energy was best. Policy was relaxed, conservation of energy was not a priority, and renewable energy research was reduced.
 Energy policy in the 2000sNational Energy Act of 2005 - tax credits for hybrid vehicles, increased funding for research and development of hydrogen fueled vehicles. Although little has been done to decrease our dependency on foreign sources of oil, the gas spike of 2008 helped spark interest in alternative fuel research.
 Alternative Energy Sourceswind, solar, water, nuclear
 Coal LiquefactionProduction of synthetic fluid fuels from coal. Interest was higher in 1986 but has declined and this method is rarely used today.
 Nuclear PowerAtoms split and create energy, but this costs billions of dollars to create a plant, keep it running, and to dispose of it. This is also extremely dangerous as it can malfunction and cause disastrous explosions.
 Democratic View on Environmental Policyprotect the environment and have more public and government support Environmental policies.
 Republican View on Environmental Policyargue that public involvement or civic environmentalism can be problematic when citizens lack the capacity to understand often complex environmental issues.
 White Collar Crimea non-violent crime that usually involves large sums of money gained in the form of embezzlement, fraud, identity theft, etc.
 Street CrimeTraditional crimes such as robbery, murder, rape, assault, etc.
 Victimless Crimescrime that is committed without any victims other than the criminal him/herself. These include: drug abuse, prostitution, gambling, etc.
 Procedural RightsThe rights to due procedure in the event that a crime has been committed. These include miranda rights, rights to a fair trial, etc
 14th AmendmentEstablishes protection for the accused. No person may be denied person, property, or liberty without due process of law.
 Patriot ActAct put in place by the Bush Administration enabling the government access to citizen's phone calls, emails, etc. This compromises US privacy, but increases security.
 Exclusionary RuleAny evidence collected in an unlawful search and seizure cannot be used against the accused in a court of law.
 Income Poverty for a family of 5$20,615
 Income Poverty for 1 person$10,295
 Income Poverty for a family of 9+$41,588
 What are the poorest states in the US?Alabama, Missouri, New Mexico, Texas, Washington DC, and Louisiana.
 Government solutions for povertyEarned Income Credit, government housing programs, food stamps, unemployment benefits, social security
 Earned Income CreditTaxpayers receive credit for each dollar earned up to a certain point ($4,536)
 Food StampsCoupons or credit given to the poor to buy food. This cannot be changed into any form of cash.
 Housing Urban Development Project (HUD)subsidized housing for low-income families
 Rental AssistanceGives low income families rental vouchers
 Which countries are working to get oil from the Canadian Oil Sands?The US and Canada
 How much tar sand is needed for one barrel of oil?2 tons
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