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Georgia Constitution Exam - Flashcards

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Class:POLS 1101 - American Government
Subject:Political Science
University:University of Georgia
Term:Spring 2012
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The Georgia Constitution calls for the branches of government to be separate and distinct
Outside of lotteries operated by and on behalf of the state, the government must prohibit the establishment of private lotteries and casino gambling
In regard to sovereign immunity (immunity of government for its acts harming the property or persons of individuals), the Constitution indicates the state may waive such immunity in specific situations
The Constitution of Georgia contains the bill of rights
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Which civil liberty is protected by the Georgia Constitution? freedom of speech
freedom of religion
freedom of the press
(all of the above)*
Which civil liberty is not specifically protected by the Georgia Constitution?
a. prohibition of ex post facto laws
b. right to privacy
c. prohibition on suspension of habeas corpus unless, during an invasion or rebellion, public safety may require it
d. prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment
In regard to civil liberties, which of the following is false about the Constitution?
a. It prohibits whipping as punishment for crime
b. It provides for superiority of military authority over civil authority
c. It prohibits involuntary servitude
d. It prohibits the merger of property of each spouse at marriage, except as provided for by law
Which of the following is not required to register to vote in Georgia? a. a person must be 18 years old
b. A person must meet minimum residency requirements as defined by law
c. A person must be a citizen of the US
d. A person must not have committed three or more misdemeanor violations in past ten years
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According to Article II, the governor of the state of Georgia a. may not be suspended or removed from this office, except by impeachment and conviction by the senate of the General Assembly.
b. is automatically suspended from office for any felony indictment by a grand jury
c. may be suspended from office if a commission defined by the Constitution determines that a felony indictment relates to and adversely affects the administration of the office and that the interests of the public are adversely affected.
d. may be suspended from office if the House of Rep determines that a felony indictment relates to and adversely affects the administration of the office and that the interests of the public are adversely affected.
The number of representatives in the House and the number of senators a. is specifically defined in the Constitution
b. provides for more members of the House than of the Senate
c. is set at 56 in the House and 180 in the Senate
d. is totally at the discretion of the General Assembly
The Constitution provides that the apportionment (defining the boundaries of districts for the purpose of election) of the house and senate seats in the General Assembly is a. by geography with each county having one seat in the House and in the senate
b. performed by the General Assembly
c. defined for each seat by the Constitution
d. performed by a bi-partisan comission
Which of the following would disqualify a person from being a member of the House of Representatives in the General Assembly? a. being an officer in the executive branch
b. being 21 years of age
c. having lived in the district from which elected for only two years
d. having been a citizen of the United States for less than five years
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The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is a. the clerk of the House
b. Speaker Pro Tempore
c. Lt. Governor
d. Speaker
The president of the senate and presiding officer is a. the Governor
b. the Speaker
c. the Lt. Governor
d. the Senate Pro Tempore
The standards to qualify as candidates for House and Senate in the General Assembly a. are exactly the same
b. differ in that the age qualifications for Senate are more restrictive than those for the House
c. differ in that the qualifications for the House are more restrictive than those for the Senate
d. are the same in that candidates for both House and Senate need
not have lived within the district from which they run
The terms of Senators and Representatives are a. two years
b. four years
c. two years for representatives and four years for senators
d. two years for representatives and six years for senators
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Senators and Representatives of the General Assembly a. may serve for no more than two terms
b. may serve for no more than three terms
c. senators may serve for four terms and representatives for three terms
d. no limit exist on the number of terms
Each General Assembly reorganizes and becomes a new General Assembly a. every four years
b. every even-numbered year
c. every odd-numbered year
d. every six years
A regular session of the General Assembly can last no longer than ___ days each year. a. 40 days
b. 60 days
c. 80 days
d. 120 days
A person claims that the state has violated his civil liberty as protected under the Georgia Constitution and under the U.S. Constitution. May the state courts find that his liberty is protected under the state constitution, but not under the federal constitution even though the language is the same in both constitutions? a. yes
b. no
c. depends on the importance of the liberty
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To pass a bill in the House or in the Senate requires a favorable vote a. of a majority of all members
b. of a majority of those voting
c. of two-thirds of all members
d. of two-thirds of those voting
All bills raising revenue or appropriating money must a. originate in the House
b. originate in the Senate
c. must receive a two-thirds vote of all members
d. must receive a two-thirds vote of those voting
The Constitution requires that legislation a. may not concern more than one subject
b. may not concern more than three subjects
c. must have a brief title
d. must have a title of some kind
One of the following executive officers is not elected by the voters: a. Secretary of State
b. Commissioner of Labor
c. State Revenue Commissioner
d. Commissioner of Agriculture
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Georgia's General Assembly is a. a unicameral body
b. a bicameral body
c. a tricameral body
d. part of a parliamentary form of government
Georgia Supreme Court judges are a. appointed by the governor for life terms
b. elected by the people for life terms
c. elected by the people for six year terms
d. selected by the General Assembly for 6 year terms
Judges are selected a. in partisan elections
b. in nonpartisan elections
c. chosen by commissions
d. appointed by the governor
According to Article III, Section VI, local or special legislation (affecting individual cities and/or counties) a. is not allowed by the Constitution
b. trumps general legislation affecting all cities and/or counties
c. is trumped by general legislation affecting all cites and/or counties
d. requires a two-thirds vote
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Votes on bills in the General Assembly a. must all be by roll-call votes
b. need not ever be by roll-call votes
c. must always be by roll call if a bill involves appropriations
d. must always be by roll call if a bill involves the selection of a judge
The subject matter in a bill
According to Article III, if the General Assembly votes to give the governor a bonus for a job well done, that legislative act would be a. unconstitutional
b. constitutional
c. authorized by Section VI, Paragraph 5 of Article III
d. constitutional, but only if the governor has truly done a good job
Who may be impeached a. Executive officials
b. Judges
c. Members of the General Assembly
d. All of the above
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In Article I, section 8 of the U.S. Constitution, the legislative powers of the Congress are enumerated. In Article III, Section VI, Paragraph I of the Georgia Constitution, the legislative powers of the General Assembly a. are similarly enumerated
b. are the same as those of the national government
c. extend to all laws deemed necessary and proper for the state, except those repungant to the U.S. Constitution and the Georgia Constitution
d. are not enumerated but are said to be those powers not surrendered to the national government
In the section of the Constitution on impeachment, what standards are given to determine whether a person has committed an office warranting impeachment? a. treason
b. acceptance of a bribe
c. immoral behavior
d. no standard is provided
In regard to funds appropriated by the General Assembly, the Constitution a. requires that appropriations expire at the end of the fiscal year, a. a. with exceptions for mandatory appropriations required by the Constitution and those required to meet contractual obligations.
b. allows appropriation which, in aggregate, exceeds funds on hand anticipated revenue for the upcoming fiscal year
c. prohibits spending from the State Housing Trust Fund to programs involving the participation of churches and religious institutions
d. allows the General Assembly to pledge a certain percentage of tax revenue for particular items, excluding the motor fuel tax that is pledged to the general fund and is available for general appropriations
With respect to apportionment of Senate and House districts: a. Districts must be composed of contiguous territory.
b. Gerrymandering (drawing district lines for partisan advantage) is forbidden
c. Reapportionment is allowed only at the mid-point between U.S. censuses
d. The Constitution provides standards indicating when reapportionment the legislature is necessary
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Vacancies in the General Assembly a. are filled by a Governor's appointment
b. occur when a member moves into another district
c. are filled by the General Assembly
d. are filled by the house in which the vacancy occurs
Each senator and representative must a. take an oath before being seated
b. take an oath after being seated
c. take a specific oath provided in the Constitution
d. take no oath as the Constitution does not require it
When is the signature of the governor required? a. following a successful vote to override a gubernational veto in both houses
b. for submission of a constitutional amendment
c. for a proposal by the General Assembly of a new constitution to the people
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
Which of the following is true in regard to regulation of alcoholic beverages? a. the state lacks authority to regulate such beverages due to the 21st amendment to the US constitution
b. cities and counties may regulate alcoholic beverages, but the General Assembly may not do so
c. cities and counties may regulate alcoholic beverages for the purpose of regulating nudity
d. a local law regulating alcoholic beverages may be preempted by a general law of the state, even if htere is no conflict between the laws
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The power of executive clemency in the constitution is given to a. public service commission
b. board of pardons and paroles
c. the governor
d. the attorney general
Who chooses the head of the Georgia Department of Transportation? a. the governor
b. the lt. governor
c. the state transportation board
d. the general assembly
Who chooses the members of the State Transportation Board? a. the governor
b. the head of the georgia department of transportation
c. the general assembly
d. the electorate
The terms of the members (excluding those completing the terms of previous appointees) of the boards of the constitutional boards listed in Article IV: a. coincide with the term of the governor
b. coincide with the term of the state senator
c. do not coincide with the term of the governor and are shorter than that of the governor
d. do not coincide with the term of the governor and are longer than that of the governor
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The term of the governor is a. two years
b. four years
c. five years
d. six years
Governors may a. not serve for longer than one term
b. succeed themselves for one term after having served one term
c. serve for as many consecutive terms as the voters will re-elect them
d. succeed themselves for two terms past their first term
Qualifications for the office of governor include a. having been born in the US
b. having been born in Georgia
c. having been a legal resident of the state for six years
d. both a and b are correct
The age qualification for the office of governor is 30
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Elections for Governor and Lt. Governor are: a. held at the same time and place as for President and Vice president of the US
b. held every four years after November 1986 on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November
c. run as a tea, that is, both are elected or both are defeated
d. nonpartisan elections
The Lt. Governor shall a. have executive duties prescribed by the Governor
b. have duties as may be prescribed by law not inconsistent with the powers of the governor or other provisions of the constitution
c. have the duties of the governor when he or she is not in the state
d. both a and b are correct
The Georgia Constitution prohibits local laws that conflict with general laws. According to Article X, Section 1, Paragraph 1, may the Constitution be amended with amendments exempting a particular city or country from this restriction? No
The chief legal advisor of the executive branch is The attorney general
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Special sessions of the General Assembly: a. may only be called upon a decision by the governor that there is a need for such
b. like a regular session of the assembly, the assembly may pass any legislation affecting the welfare of the state during a special session
c. the governor may not call a special session of the general assembly
d. a special session can not occur without the governor issuing a call for one
One of the following is not an executive officer of Georgia: a. insurance commissioner
b. state school superintendent
c. lt. governor
d. comptroller general
With the possible exception of juveniles, the trial court of the state of georgia for felony cases is Superior Court
In appellate cases involving constitutionality of law, the Supreme Court has a. no jurisdiction
b. shared appellate jurisdiction with the court of appeals
c. shared appellate jurisdiction with the Superior Court
d. exclusive jurisdiction
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Judicial vacancies are filled by a. appointment by governor
b. special election called by governor
c. appointment by senate
d. appointment by general assembly
The duty to take care that the laws of the state are faithfully executed is that of a. the supreme court
b. the governor
c. the courts
d. the secretary of state
The power to discipline, remove and cause the involuntary retirement of Judges is that of the the a. governor
b. judicial qualifications committee
c. the supreme court
d. the general assembly
About judges in Georgia a. judges of the superior and state courts are elected on a nonpartisan ballot every four years
b. judges of the superior and state courts are appointed by the governor for four year terms
c. judges of the state supreme court are appointed for terms of good behavior by the governor
d. all judges are elected on partisan ballots
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The chief of justice of the georgia's supreme court: a. is chosen by the governor
b. is elected by the people
c. is elected by the general assembly
d. is elected by the members of the supreme court
District attorneys a. are appointed by the governor
b. enjoy immunity from private suit for actions arising from the performance of their duties
c. appointed by counties
d. are appointed by the judges of the superior courts
What kind of public education is the State obligated by the constitution to provide to its citizens? a. free education through the primary school level, but not through the high school level
b. a quality education
c. an adequate education
d. none
The decisions of the Supreme Court a. bind all other courts as precedents
b. bind only the court of appeals as precedents
c. bind only the superior courts as precedents
d. bind all other courts as precedents, but only in regard to questions of constitutional law
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In which cases does the supreme court have original jurisdiction (may serve as the trial court)? a. cases concerning divorce
b. cases concerning contracts
c. cases concerning probate of wills 
d. none
The salary of judges a. is prescribed in the constitution
b. may be reduced by law during a judge's term of office
c. is prescribed by law
d. is determined by the governor
If the state passes a law abolishing the state income tax in 2006, would that law prohibit the state from passing a law creating a state income tax in 2010? Se Article VIII, Paragraph I No
A constitutional controversy in georgia concerns independence of the superintendent of state schools from the state board of educaiton. which of the following is true and suggests independence of the superintendent from the board in directing state school?
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Which of the following is true about local school systems in Georgia? a. the superintendent is elected by the people
b. the General Assembly may not propose the consolidation of school districts
c. the general assembly may define the duties of the school superintendent
d. the members of the local school board are appointed by country officials
One sentence in the Constitution has had a major impact on causing the addition of provisions allowing for benefits to particular groups. For example, Art. VIII, Section VII, allows the general assembly to provide scholarships, loans or other assistance to students. The goals of this provision is to deal with the concerns raised by a. the prohibition on gratuities
b. the prohibition on scholarships
c. the concerns raised by the "due process" clause
d. limitations on taxes
The constitution provides the use of what tax by local school systems as the primary means of financing schools? a. excise taxes
b. income taxes
c. special assessments
d. property taxes
Article VIII, Section I establishes a general rule of uniformity in taxation to promote fairness in the exercise of the taxing power by the state. An exemption specified in Article VII, Section II of the constitution to such uniformity in the area of property tax is a. grocery store exemption
b. drugstore exemption
c. homestead exemption
d. governmental employee exemption
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According to Article VII, Section III, for what purpose may the power of taxation be used if the general assembly so ordains? a. for education
b. for prosecution of crime
c. for public health
d. all of the above
In article VII, Section III, the constitution a. enumerates the types of taxes that the state may use
b. enumerates the types of taxes that counties may use
c. prohibits the use of income tax
d. does not limit the types of taxes to be used by the state
State constitutions are said to require a balanced budget. to what extent does Article III, section IX require a balanced budget? a. expenditures in the general appropriations bill may not exceed revenues from the past fiscal year
b. expenditures in the general appropriations bill are not restricted
c. expenditures in the general appropriations bill may not exceed what the governor expects the state to receive in revenue for the next fiscal year plus any surplus from the current fiscal year
d. expenditures may not exceed the revenue that the general assembly expects the state to revieve in the next fiscal year
In regard to state debt, which of the following is true? a. due to the requirement of balanced budget in the state, the constitution does not allow the state to borrow money
b. no limit exists on the amount of funds borrowed by the state
c. the state may issue bonds to build highways
d. the state my use its bonding power to aid individuals or coporations
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According to the Constitution, which of the following is true in regard to counties in Georgia? a. the state may not increase the number of counties beyond 159
b. the general assembly may not by law affect the powers and limitations of counties
c. the general assembly may consolidate two counties without the approval of voters of the two counties
d. the office sheriff is not a county office, but is a municipal office
Article IX, Section II, Paragraph III discuses supplementary powers for the counties and municipalities. Which of the following is true? a. a county may provide services inside cities at any time it chooses
b. all cities and counties may provide police and fire protection
c. the general assembly may prohibit cities from providing police and fire protection
d. the general assembly may not regulate or restrict cities in how they provide police and fire protection
The legislative power of the state is vested in a . the governor
b. the general assembly
c. the judiciary
d. the executive branch
While the constitution gives counties home rule power that allows them to make laws relating to its property, affairs and local government, the general assembly retains significant control over governance at the local level. The general assembly: a. may pass general laws superseding local laws passed under home rule through general laws
b. may under article IX, section III, paragraph I (c) (2) pass local laws in regard to the form and compensation of the governing authority of a county and such local law will be supreme over country home rule power
c. may use local law to control each individual country and its laws and policies
d. both a and b are correct
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Under article IX, section II, paragraph IV a. the general assembly may override the zoning laws of cities and counties
b. the general assembly may establish procedures for the making of zoning laws in cities and counties
c. the general assembly has no authority in regard to the zoning laws of cities and counties
d. cities and counties are prohibited form passing ordinances (laws) in regard to zoning
Under article IX, section II, paragraph IX, the constitution provides immunity for local governments from suits for torts. Which of the following is not included in this grant of immunity? a. school government
b. city government
c. country government
d. none of the above
In regard to their power to tax, cities and counties a. may use any tax they wish to raise funds
b. may only use the sales tax to raise funds
c. may use any tax authorized by the constitution or general law
d. may not levy tax
In regard to debt as defined in Article Ix, Section V, paragraph I, each city or county a. may take on debt without the assent of the qualified voters of the city or county
b. is not restricted in how much debt that it issues
c. may take on debt up to 50% of the assessed value of all taxable property within its jurisdiction
d. may not take on more debt greater than 10% of the assessed value of all taxable property within its jurisdiction
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In article IX, section VI, paragraph I, what kind of obligation is indicated not to be the kind of debt referred to in the limitations on the amount of debt that may be incurred by a city or county> a. general obligation bonds
b. revenue bonds
c. industrial bonds
d. special bonds
In regard to constitutional amendments, Article X, Section I, Paragraph I, allows for what kind of amendments?
How may the constitution be amended? a. proposal by the general assembly and approval by voters
b. constitutional convention called by petition of 30% of the qualified voters of the state and approval of the proposed document by voters
c. proposal by general assembly, approval of governor and approval by voters
d. approval by general assembly
In regard to the bearing of arms in article I a. the constitution does not allow the keeping and bearing of arms
b. the general assembly may prohibit the keeping and bearing of arms
c. the general may regulate how arms are borne
d. there is no reference to the keeping and bearing of arms in the constitution
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According to article I a. freedom of speech and the press is absolute
b. freedom of speech and the press is qualified so as to allow for the regulation of abuse of speech and press
c. freedom of speech and the press is not mentioned
d. freedom of speech and of the press is qualified by a prohibition on defamation
In article I, which of the following is prohibited as a punishment for crime? a. whipping
b. hanging
c. being placed in a stockwade
d. financial penalty
In article I, which is prohibited? a. imprisonment for debt
b. involuntary servitude
c. legislation concerning the social status of individuals
d. all of the above
Article I indicates that the enumeration of rights protected in the constitution from interference from the government of georgia a. is to be considered the totality of the rights protected
b. should be construed so as to deny people any inherent right previously enjoyed
c. is taken from the constitution
d. should be construed as privileges and not rights
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The rights listed in article I, section I, are a. limitations on the power of the general assembly
b. not limitations on the general assembly
c. limitations on only the general assembly, but not the rest of the government of georgia
d. statements of principles rather than limitations on any branch of government
As seen in the bill of rights, the state of georgia a. may imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts
b. may not imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts
c. may imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts, but only after due process
d. may imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts, but only if they have lived in georgia for less than ten years
As seen in the bill of rights, the state of georgia a. may not directly or indirectly provide money in aid of religious institutions
b. may provide money indirectly in aid of religion
c. is encouraged to provide money in aid of religious institutions
d. may provide money to Christian institutions, but not for the institutions of other faiths
According to the bill of rights, the judiciary of the state a. may not declare legislative acts of the state to be violations of the georgia constitution
b. may not declare legislative acts of the state to be violations of the us constitution
c. must declare legislative acts of the state in violation of the georgia constitution or of the us constitution to be unconstitutional and therefore void
d. may find legislative act of the state to be unconstitutional and therefore void, but only if the act violates both the georgia and us constitution
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According to article II, section VI what limits exist on the power of the general assembly in making laws? a. law may not be repugnant to the georgia constitution
b. 
According to Article III, Section VI, which of the following is a specific limitation on the power of the general assembly? a. it may non enact a special law relating the rights or status of private persons
b. it may not enact population bills (those that use classification by population to determine the applicability of law) affecting local governments.
c. it may not grant gratuities, except otherwise provided in the constitution
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
The power to issue injunctions is a. available to all courts in georgia
b. limited to the superior courts
c. limited to the appellate courts
d. limited to the appellate courts and the superior courts

Article VIII, section III, of the constitution requires that, except as otherwise provided in the constitution a. all revenue collected from taxes, fees and assessments for state purposes be paid into the general fund of the state treasury

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According to article V, section II the constitution requires that, unless otherwise provided by the constitution or by law, a vacancy resulting from the death or resignation of the holder of public office a. should be filled by appointment of the governor until an election can be called to fill the vacancy
b. should be filled by election within a six month period
c. should be filled by appointment of governor to serve the balance of the unexpired term
d. should be filled the supreme court to serve the balance of the unexpired term
According to article III, section VII, the general assembly a. may pass only one appropriations bill per session and that is called the general appropriation bill
b. may pass supplementary appropriations bills at any time without restrictions
c. may pass supplementary bills if revenue is available or has been provided through a tax
d. may pass supplementary bills, but only after the passage of a general appropriations bill.
e. both c and d are correct
Which of the following is true about the veto powers of the governor? a. the governor lacks the power to veto legislation
b. the veto of the governor may be overridden by a majority vote of each house of the general assembly
c. the governor may veto individual appropriations within bills
d the supreme court can override a veto of the governor
1. Does the current Georgia Constitution impose term limits on governors? If so, what are they? yes. two terms, re-eligible after 4 years
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2. According to the Georgia Constitution, does the Governor have the authority to exercise a line-item veto? yes, can kill specific item in spending bill: can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of the membership in each chamber of the General Assembly
3. Who has the power of executive clemency in the Georgia Constitution? The State Board of Pardons and Paroles
4. What are the age qualifications for holding elective office in Georgia (US Senate, US House, Georgia Senate, Georgia House)? Are there citizenship requirement for those seeking elective office? Residency requirements? US senator-30 yrs. old. citizen of US for 9 years. inhabitant of state when chosen. US     house-age 25. citizen for 7 years. inhabitant of state when chosen. GA senate-25. US         citizen. GA citizen for at least 2 years. GA House-21. US citizen. Citizen of GA for at least           2 yrs.
5. What are the responsibilities of the lieutenant governor in Georgia? president of the senate: oversees committee on senate membership: He is also responsible for choosing the chairman of each committee: Governor is incapacitated         temporarily, the Lieutenant Governor exercises the powers of the Governor. If the        Governor dies or otherwise can no longer fulfill his duties, the Lieutenant Governor          serves the Governor's unexpired term.
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6. Besides the governor and lieutenant governor, what positions are identified by the Georgia constitution as being elected executive officers?

            secretary of state, attorney general, state school superintendent, commissioner of          agriculture, commissioner of labor, commissioner of insurance

7. What are the qualifications to serve as Georgia’s attorney general? What are his/her responsibilities? US citizen, 10 years. legal resident of state for 4 years immediately preceding     election/appt. 25 yrs old. active-status member of state bar of georgia for 7 years. not engage in private practice of law during term: head of the Department of Law is          responsible for: legal advisor to the executive branch;;representing the state in all        capital felony cases (those involving the death penalty) before the Georgia Supreme            Court;representing the state in all civil actions in any court;representing the state in all          cases before the U.S. Supreme Court;prosecuting any state officer or other person or         entity for violating any criminal statute while dealing with or for the state;conducting       investigations into the affairs of govt.
8. List the Georgia constitutional boards and commissions (see Article IV). How are members selected for each board or commission? What are the responsibilities of each? PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION-elected statewide, oversees utilities like gas,    electricity,communication networks, transportation; PARDONS AND PAROLES-governor       appoints, can stay death sentence, executive clemency, inmates and parole times:     STATE PERSONNEL BOARD-appointed by governor, hr/benefit programs to govt          workers: STATE TRANSPORTATION BOARD-one member per district elected by majority vote of general assembly, highway construction, railroads: VETERANS    SERVICE BOARD-governor: BOARD OF NATURAL RESOURCES-1 member per             congressional district and 5 at large appointed by governor: EDUCATIONAL BOARD-      governor, one member per district, local schools: REGENTS-one per district, appointed       by governor: colleges
9. How many days does the Georgia General Assembly meet each year “in session”? How can they convene in mid-January but adjourn at the end of March? What is a “special session”? meets annually in a regular session that begins on the second Monday of January and    lasts up to 40 legislative days: may be called into special session by the governor, who        sets the agenda, or by agreement of three-fifths of the membership of each chamber
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10. What is the term length for Georgia State legislators? 2 years
11. How many members makeup the Georgia General Assembly? 236
12. The passage of legislation by the General Assembly requires what proportion of support from each chamber?

            majority of the entire membership of each chamber: exceptions to this rule. Tax legislation, proposed amendments to the constitution, veto overrides, punitive action           taken against a member of the General Assembly, or motions to change the order of       business require two-thirds majorities

13. What does the Georgia Constitution indicate are the powers of the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia?

            create new public colleges, junior colleges, and universities subject to approval by          majority vote: management of the University System of Georgia and all of the institutions     in the system

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14. What does the Georgia Constitution indicate about the state’s legal commitment to public education?

            Public education; free public education prior to college or postsecondary level; support by         taxation

15. What proportion of the vote is required to be elected to public office in Georgia? What happens if a candidate does not receive this proportion?

            candidate must capture 50% of the vote, if not a runoff is held

16. What requirements does Georgia have for those who wish to vote in an election?

            US citizen, citizen in GA/county, 18 by election day: cant be a felon/mentally incompetent

17. What is eminent domain?

            taking of private property for public use such as expanding a highway, constructing        facilities, and laying water or sewer lines

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18. How many counties are there in Georgia? 159
19. What is Home Rule?

            counties/cities have the ability to have some government/legal powers of their own as     long as they are not allowing things outside of GA/US laws/constitutions: essentially local       self government

20. What are the categories of expenditures for which lottery proceeds can be used?

            educational programs and purposes: governor's annual budget including            recommendations for use of the funds

21. What does it mean to have an open, direct primary?

            all voters can take part. Primary elections are one means by which a political party          nominates candidates for the next general election.a direct primary election in which           voters need not meet a test of party. In an open primary, voters can participate in any      party's primary that they choose.

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22. What is the jurisdiction of the “State’s Court” in Georgia’s court system?
23. What civil liberties are protected by the Georgia Constitution?

            similar to bill of rights: church and state: death penalty: free expression: gay and    lesbian rights: open government: poverty: prisons: race and national origin: students and       juveniles rights: voting rights: women and choice: workers rights

24. What civil liberties are not protected by the Georgia Constitution?

            right to privacy-not in constitution but recognized

25. How are judges (in the state judiciary) selected in Georgia? (distinguish vacancies from open seats)

            All judges are selected by nonpartisan elections. The initial term of office is six years for             appellate judges and four years for superior court judges: governor can appoint people to      vacant/newly created judgeships: judicial nomination committees to fill vacancies

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26. What are courts of limited jurisdiction (in Georgia)?

            specialized cases-less serious than those in courts of general jurisdiction: municipal        courts-traffic laws, local ordinances, other misdemeanors: process warrants

27. With the exception of some juveniles, what is the primary trial court for hearing felony cases?

            superior court

28. How is the Chief of Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court selected?

            justices of supreme court choose chief justice from among themselves: must reside in    geographical area which they serve

29. According to the state of Georgia Constitution, can taxes be levied by local schools to assist with financing those schools? If so, what kind?

            yes, property tax: "community improvement districts"-taxes for things beyond what         county/city provides:

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30. Can the constitution be amended to affect specific individual counties and cities?

            yes, home rule-local govt. is granted powers to write/amend its charter (local constitution)            and to take any action not prohibited by the state

31. Are there limits on cities’ and counties’ ability to tax and incur debt?

            law allows counties to levy a one percent general sales tax and 4 percent state tax: debt cannot exceed ten percent of the assessed value of taxable property w/in the jurisdiction:    annual limit on amount that can be borrowed on short-term basis: voters must approve       issuance of new debt by vote in election

32. What is consolidation? What procedures does a local government have to go through in order to consolidate?

            combine with another county: limit of 159 min. counties: must be started through passage           of act in general assembly and approved by a majority of those voting in referendums in each of the affected counties: can consolidate county and city govt's too

33. How may the Georgia Constitution be amended?

            requires 2/3 vote by legislature: no limit on number of amendments submitted to voters at           one election: voters cannot petition for certain amendments to be included: requires ratification by a majority of the voters casting ballots: proposals are votes on in next   statewide gen. election after being submitted to electorate by the general assembly

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34. Article I of the Georgia Constitution provides for a bill of rights. What sorts of individual rights are included here? How does this compare with the “federal” bill of rights?

            life, liberty, property: equal protection: freedom of conscience*: religion: speech and      press: libel-truth as evidence: protection of citizens: right to bear arms: assemble and           petition: no bill of attainder: trial by jury: right to courts: searches, seizures, warrants:      benefit of counsel: habeas corpus: self-incrimination: arrest/abuse of prisoners: jeopardy           of life/liberty probidden: treason: effect of conviction" no banishment and whipping: no involuntary servitude: no imprisionment for debt: costs of case not paid beore trial: social    status never subject to legislation: exemptions from levy and sale" spouse's separate         property: enumeration of rights not denial of others: marriages of same sex prohibited*

35. What does Georgia’s Bill of Rights say about limits on what the State of Georgia may do with respect to citizens who fail to pay their debts?

            prohibits imprisonment for debt

36. How many constitutions have been adopted by Georgia? When did Georgia last ratify a constitution?

            10: last ratification-1983

37. What does the Georgia Constitution say about “sovereign” immunity?

            ability of citizens to sue the state/local govt, immunity of govt for its acts harming property         or persons: const. says that the state may waive such immunity in specific situations

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38. What are the responsibilities of the Georgia Public Service Commission? How are members selected for the Commission?

            5 members who are elected statewide for staggered, 6 year terms: regulates telephone    services, utilities such as gas and electricity, communication networks and transportation such as trucking and rail systems

39. What are the responsibilities of the State Board of Pardons and Paroles?

            power to stay death sentences: executive clemency

40. What does the Georgia Constitution say about bills of attainder? What is a bill of attainder?
41. What does the Georgia Constitution say about slavery, if at all?

            doesnt say anthing, talks about involuntary servitude

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42. What are the requirements for registering to vote in Georgia?

            US citizen, legal res. of georgia and the county in which you want to vote: at least 18 on election day: cant vote if considered mentally incompetent or serving felony sentence

43. Under the Georgia Constitution, will the state recognize marriage between two individuals of the same sex? no
44. How many legislators must be present in order for the general assembly to transact legislative business?

            3/5 of the assembly

45. What are the legislative procedures, according to the Georgia Constitution, for approval, veto and override of vetos?

            senate and house of reps called in: line item vetos are allowed (governor can kill a          specific item in a spending bill): bills passed by a simple majority of entire membership of   each chamber: motions to change bill require 2/3 majority: bills that have been rejected       also need 2/3 to be reconsidered: must be passed by majority vote in one chamber and             passed by majority vote in the other chamber to become a law

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46. How has Georgia’s Constitution historically approached judicial review?

            the power to declare acts unconstitutional: allowed now: institutionalized in 1861

47. How did state political leaders, pushing for white supremacy during the 19th and 20th century use the constitution to achieve their goals?

            constitution of 1877-disenfranchised of blacks and poor whites by making only those who          paid all of their taxes eligible to vote: misproportion of votes so urban areas votes didn't           count in elections: 1877 constitution

1. Which of the following is elected by the voters of Georgia?
    1. Commissioner of Agriculture
    2. Public Service Commission
    3. State Superintendent of Schools
    4. All of the above

 

2. The presiding officer of the State Senate specified by the Georgia Constitution is:
    1. The Speaker
    2. A senator chosen by the governor
    3. The most senior member of the Senate
    4. The lieutenant governor
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3. To protect against the power of the national government, the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution grants the states:
    1. Implied powers
    2. National supremacy
    3. Reserved powers
    4. Enumerated powers
4. Which of the following is true of rights guaranteed by the Georgia Constitution?
    1. Georgia cannot grant individuals more liberty than is provided by the U.S. Constitution
    2. Georgia was the first state whose courts recognized a right to privacy
    3. Unlike the U.S. Constitution, the Georgia Constitution does not include a bill of rights
    4. The state is forbidden from taking private land without the consent of its owners
5. Georgia’s use of the white primary was outlawed by the federal courts in the case of:

    1. Wesberry v. Sanders
    2. Fortson v. Toombs
    3. King v. Chapman
    4. Gray v. Sanders
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 The Georgia Constitution calls for the branches of government tobe separate and distinct
 Outside of lotteries operated by and on behalf of the state, the governmentmust prohibit the establishment of private lotteries and casino gambling
 In regard to sovereign immunity (immunity of government for its acts harming the property or persons of individuals), the Constitutionindicates the state may waive such immunity in specific situations
 The Constitution of Georgiacontains the bill of rights
 Which civil liberty is protected by the Georgia Constitution?freedom of speech
freedom of religion
freedom of the press
(all of the above)*
 Which civil liberty is not specifically protected by the Georgia Constitution?
a. prohibition of ex post facto laws
b. right to privacy
c. prohibition on suspension of habeas corpus unless, during an invasion or rebellion, public safety may require it
d. prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment
 In regard to civil liberties, which of the following is false about the Constitution?
a. It prohibits whipping as punishment for crime
b. It provides for superiority of military authority over civil authority
c. It prohibits involuntary servitude
d. It prohibits the merger of property of each spouse at marriage, except as provided for by law
 Which of the following is not required to register to vote in Georgia?a. a person must be 18 years old
b. A person must meet minimum residency requirements as defined by law
c. A person must be a citizen of the US
d. A person must not have committed three or more misdemeanor violations in past ten years
 According to Article II, the governor of the state of Georgiaa. may not be suspended or removed from this office, except by impeachment and conviction by the senate of the General Assembly.
b. is automatically suspended from office for any felony indictment by a grand jury
c. may be suspended from office if a commission defined by the Constitution determines that a felony indictment relates to and adversely affects the administration of the office and that the interests of the public are adversely affected.
d. may be suspended from office if the House of Rep determines that a felony indictment relates to and adversely affects the administration of the office and that the interests of the public are adversely affected.
 The number of representatives in the House and the number of senatorsa. is specifically defined in the Constitution
b. provides for more members of the House than of the Senate
c. is set at 56 in the House and 180 in the Senate
d. is totally at the discretion of the General Assembly
 The Constitution provides that the apportionment (defining the boundaries of districts for the purpose of election) of the house and senate seats in the General Assembly isa. by geography with each county having one seat in the House and in the senate
b. performed by the General Assembly
c. defined for each seat by the Constitution
d. performed by a bi-partisan comission
 Which of the following would disqualify a person from being a member of the House of Representatives in the General Assembly?a. being an officer in the executive branch
b. being 21 years of age
c. having lived in the district from which elected for only two years
d. having been a citizen of the United States for less than five years
 The presiding officer of the House of Representatives isa. the clerk of the House
b. Speaker Pro Tempore
c. Lt. Governor
d. Speaker
 The president of the senate and presiding officer isa. the Governor
b. the Speaker
c. the Lt. Governor
d. the Senate Pro Tempore
 The standards to qualify as candidates for House and Senate in the General Assemblya. are exactly the same
b. differ in that the age qualifications for Senate are more restrictive than those for the House
c. differ in that the qualifications for the House are more restrictive than those for the Senate
d. are the same in that candidates for both House and Senate need
not have lived within the district from which they run
 The terms of Senators and Representatives area. two years
b. four years
c. two years for representatives and four years for senators
d. two years for representatives and six years for senators
 Senators and Representatives of the General Assemblya. may serve for no more than two terms
b. may serve for no more than three terms
c. senators may serve for four terms and representatives for three terms
d. no limit exist on the number of terms
 Each General Assembly reorganizes and becomes a new General Assemblya. every four years
b. every even-numbered year
c. every odd-numbered year
d. every six years
 A regular session of the General Assembly can last no longer than ___ days each year.a. 40 days
b. 60 days
c. 80 days
d. 120 days
 A person claims that the state has violated his civil liberty as protected under the Georgia Constitution and under the U.S. Constitution. May the state courts find that his liberty is protected under the state constitution, but not under the federal constitution even though the language is the same in both constitutions?a. yes
b. no
c. depends on the importance of the liberty
 To pass a bill in the House or in the Senate requires a favorable votea. of a majority of all members
b. of a majority of those voting
c. of two-thirds of all members
d. of two-thirds of those voting
 All bills raising revenue or appropriating money musta. originate in the House
b. originate in the Senate
c. must receive a two-thirds vote of all members
d. must receive a two-thirds vote of those voting
 The Constitution requires that legislationa. may not concern more than one subject
b. may not concern more than three subjects
c. must have a brief title
d. must have a title of some kind
 One of the following executive officers is not elected by the voters:a. Secretary of State
b. Commissioner of Labor
c. State Revenue Commissioner
d. Commissioner of Agriculture
 Georgia's General Assembly isa. a unicameral body
b. a bicameral body
c. a tricameral body
d. part of a parliamentary form of government
 Georgia Supreme Court judges area. appointed by the governor for life terms
b. elected by the people for life terms
c. elected by the people for six year terms
d. selected by the General Assembly for 6 year terms
 Judges are selecteda. in partisan elections
b. in nonpartisan elections
c. chosen by commissions
d. appointed by the governor
 According to Article III, Section VI, local or special legislation (affecting individual cities and/or counties)a. is not allowed by the Constitution
b. trumps general legislation affecting all cities and/or counties
c. is trumped by general legislation affecting all cites and/or counties
d. requires a two-thirds vote
 Votes on bills in the General Assemblya. must all be by roll-call votes
b. need not ever be by roll-call votes
c. must always be by roll call if a bill involves appropriations
d. must always be by roll call if a bill involves the selection of a judge
 The subject matter in a bill 
 According to Article III, if the General Assembly votes to give the governor a bonus for a job well done, that legislative act would bea. unconstitutional
b. constitutional
c. authorized by Section VI, Paragraph 5 of Article III
d. constitutional, but only if the governor has truly done a good job
 Who may be impeacheda. Executive officials
b. Judges
c. Members of the General Assembly
d. All of the above
 In Article I, section 8 of the U.S. Constitution, the legislative powers of the Congress are enumerated. In Article III, Section VI, Paragraph I of the Georgia Constitution, the legislative powers of the General Assemblya. are similarly enumerated
b. are the same as those of the national government
c. extend to all laws deemed necessary and proper for the state, except those repungant to the U.S. Constitution and the Georgia Constitution
d. are not enumerated but are said to be those powers not surrendered to the national government
 In the section of the Constitution on impeachment, what standards are given to determine whether a person has committed an office warranting impeachment?a. treason
b. acceptance of a bribe
c. immoral behavior
d. no standard is provided
 In regard to funds appropriated by the General Assembly, the Constitutiona. requires that appropriations expire at the end of the fiscal year, a. a. with exceptions for mandatory appropriations required by the Constitution and those required to meet contractual obligations.
b. allows appropriation which, in aggregate, exceeds funds on hand anticipated revenue for the upcoming fiscal year
c. prohibits spending from the State Housing Trust Fund to programs involving the participation of churches and religious institutions
d. allows the General Assembly to pledge a certain percentage of tax revenue for particular items, excluding the motor fuel tax that is pledged to the general fund and is available for general appropriations
 With respect to apportionment of Senate and House districts:a. Districts must be composed of contiguous territory.
b. Gerrymandering (drawing district lines for partisan advantage) is forbidden
c. Reapportionment is allowed only at the mid-point between U.S. censuses
d. The Constitution provides standards indicating when reapportionment the legislature is necessary
 Vacancies in the General Assemblya. are filled by a Governor's appointment
b. occur when a member moves into another district
c. are filled by the General Assembly
d. are filled by the house in which the vacancy occurs
 Each senator and representative musta. take an oath before being seated
b. take an oath after being seated
c. take a specific oath provided in the Constitution
d. take no oath as the Constitution does not require it
 When is the signature of the governor required?a. following a successful vote to override a gubernational veto in both houses
b. for submission of a constitutional amendment
c. for a proposal by the General Assembly of a new constitution to the people
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
 Which of the following is true in regard to regulation of alcoholic beverages?a. the state lacks authority to regulate such beverages due to the 21st amendment to the US constitution
b. cities and counties may regulate alcoholic beverages, but the General Assembly may not do so
c. cities and counties may regulate alcoholic beverages for the purpose of regulating nudity
d. a local law regulating alcoholic beverages may be preempted by a general law of the state, even if htere is no conflict between the laws
 The power of executive clemency in the constitution is given toa. public service commission
b. board of pardons and paroles
c. the governor
d. the attorney general
 Who chooses the head of the Georgia Department of Transportation?a. the governor
b. the lt. governor
c. the state transportation board
d. the general assembly
 Who chooses the members of the State Transportation Board?a. the governor
b. the head of the georgia department of transportation
c. the general assembly
d. the electorate
 The terms of the members (excluding those completing the terms of previous appointees) of the boards of the constitutional boards listed in Article IV:a. coincide with the term of the governor
b. coincide with the term of the state senator
c. do not coincide with the term of the governor and are shorter than that of the governor
d. do not coincide with the term of the governor and are longer than that of the governor
 The term of the governor isa. two years
b. four years
c. five years
d. six years
 Governors maya. not serve for longer than one term
b. succeed themselves for one term after having served one term
c. serve for as many consecutive terms as the voters will re-elect them
d. succeed themselves for two terms past their first term
 Qualifications for the office of governor includea. having been born in the US
b. having been born in Georgia
c. having been a legal resident of the state for six years
d. both a and b are correct
 The age qualification for the office of governor is30
 Elections for Governor and Lt. Governor are:a. held at the same time and place as for President and Vice president of the US
b. held every four years after November 1986 on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November
c. run as a tea, that is, both are elected or both are defeated
d. nonpartisan elections
 The Lt. Governor shalla. have executive duties prescribed by the Governor
b. have duties as may be prescribed by law not inconsistent with the powers of the governor or other provisions of the constitution
c. have the duties of the governor when he or she is not in the state
d. both a and b are correct
 The Georgia Constitution prohibits local laws that conflict with general laws. According to Article X, Section 1, Paragraph 1, may the Constitution be amended with amendments exempting a particular city or country from this restriction?No
 The chief legal advisor of the executive branch isThe attorney general
 Special sessions of the General Assembly:a. may only be called upon a decision by the governor that there is a need for such
b. like a regular session of the assembly, the assembly may pass any legislation affecting the welfare of the state during a special session
c. the governor may not call a special session of the general assembly
d. a special session can not occur without the governor issuing a call for one
 One of the following is not an executive officer of Georgia:a. insurance commissioner
b. state school superintendent
c. lt. governor
d. comptroller general
 With the possible exception of juveniles, the trial court of the state of georgia for felony cases isSuperior Court
 In appellate cases involving constitutionality of law, the Supreme Court hasa. no jurisdiction
b. shared appellate jurisdiction with the court of appeals
c. shared appellate jurisdiction with the Superior Court
d. exclusive jurisdiction
 Judicial vacancies are filled bya. appointment by governor
b. special election called by governor
c. appointment by senate
d. appointment by general assembly
 The duty to take care that the laws of the state are faithfully executed is that ofa. the supreme court
b. the governor
c. the courts
d. the secretary of state
 The power to discipline, remove and cause the involuntary retirement of Judges is that of the thea. governor
b. judicial qualifications committee
c. the supreme court
d. the general assembly
 About judges in Georgiaa. judges of the superior and state courts are elected on a nonpartisan ballot every four years
b. judges of the superior and state courts are appointed by the governor for four year terms
c. judges of the state supreme court are appointed for terms of good behavior by the governor
d. all judges are elected on partisan ballots
 The chief of justice of the georgia's supreme court:a. is chosen by the governor
b. is elected by the people
c. is elected by the general assembly
d. is elected by the members of the supreme court
 District attorneysa. are appointed by the governor
b. enjoy immunity from private suit for actions arising from the performance of their duties
c. appointed by counties
d. are appointed by the judges of the superior courts
 What kind of public education is the State obligated by the constitution to provide to its citizens?a. free education through the primary school level, but not through the high school level
b. a quality education
c. an adequate education
d. none
 The decisions of the Supreme Courta. bind all other courts as precedents
b. bind only the court of appeals as precedents
c. bind only the superior courts as precedents
d. bind all other courts as precedents, but only in regard to questions of constitutional law
 In which cases does the supreme court have original jurisdiction (may serve as the trial court)?a. cases concerning divorce
b. cases concerning contracts
c. cases concerning probate of wills 
d. none
 The salary of judgesa. is prescribed in the constitution
b. may be reduced by law during a judge's term of office
c. is prescribed by law
d. is determined by the governor
 If the state passes a law abolishing the state income tax in 2006, would that law prohibit the state from passing a law creating a state income tax in 2010? Se Article VIII, Paragraph INo
 A constitutional controversy in georgia concerns independence of the superintendent of state schools from the state board of educaiton. which of the following is true and suggests independence of the superintendent from the board in directing state school? 
 Which of the following is true about local school systems in Georgia?a. the superintendent is elected by the people
b. the General Assembly may not propose the consolidation of school districts
c. the general assembly may define the duties of the school superintendent
d. the members of the local school board are appointed by country officials
 One sentence in the Constitution has had a major impact on causing the addition of provisions allowing for benefits to particular groups. For example, Art. VIII, Section VII, allows the general assembly to provide scholarships, loans or other assistance to students. The goals of this provision is to deal with the concerns raised bya. the prohibition on gratuities
b. the prohibition on scholarships
c. the concerns raised by the "due process" clause
d. limitations on taxes
 The constitution provides the use of what tax by local school systems as the primary means of financing schools?a. excise taxes
b. income taxes
c. special assessments
d. property taxes
 Article VIII, Section I establishes a general rule of uniformity in taxation to promote fairness in the exercise of the taxing power by the state. An exemption specified in Article VII, Section II of the constitution to such uniformity in the area of property tax isa. grocery store exemption
b. drugstore exemption
c. homestead exemption
d. governmental employee exemption
 According to Article VII, Section III, for what purpose may the power of taxation be used if the general assembly so ordains?a. for education
b. for prosecution of crime
c. for public health
d. all of the above
 In article VII, Section III, the constitutiona. enumerates the types of taxes that the state may use
b. enumerates the types of taxes that counties may use
c. prohibits the use of income tax
d. does not limit the types of taxes to be used by the state
 State constitutions are said to require a balanced budget. to what extent does Article III, section IX require a balanced budget?a. expenditures in the general appropriations bill may not exceed revenues from the past fiscal year
b. expenditures in the general appropriations bill are not restricted
c. expenditures in the general appropriations bill may not exceed what the governor expects the state to receive in revenue for the next fiscal year plus any surplus from the current fiscal year
d. expenditures may not exceed the revenue that the general assembly expects the state to revieve in the next fiscal year
 In regard to state debt, which of the following is true?a. due to the requirement of balanced budget in the state, the constitution does not allow the state to borrow money
b. no limit exists on the amount of funds borrowed by the state
c. the state may issue bonds to build highways
d. the state my use its bonding power to aid individuals or coporations
 According to the Constitution, which of the following is true in regard to counties in Georgia?a. the state may not increase the number of counties beyond 159
b. the general assembly may not by law affect the powers and limitations of counties
c. the general assembly may consolidate two counties without the approval of voters of the two counties
d. the office sheriff is not a county office, but is a municipal office
 Article IX, Section II, Paragraph III discuses supplementary powers for the counties and municipalities. Which of the following is true?a. a county may provide services inside cities at any time it chooses
b. all cities and counties may provide police and fire protection
c. the general assembly may prohibit cities from providing police and fire protection
d. the general assembly may not regulate or restrict cities in how they provide police and fire protection
 The legislative power of the state is vested ina . the governor
b. the general assembly
c. the judiciary
d. the executive branch
 While the constitution gives counties home rule power that allows them to make laws relating to its property, affairs and local government, the general assembly retains significant control over governance at the local level. The general assembly:a. may pass general laws superseding local laws passed under home rule through general laws
b. may under article IX, section III, paragraph I (c) (2) pass local laws in regard to the form and compensation of the governing authority of a county and such local law will be supreme over country home rule power
c. may use local law to control each individual country and its laws and policies
d. both a and b are correct
 Under article IX, section II, paragraph IVa. the general assembly may override the zoning laws of cities and counties
b. the general assembly may establish procedures for the making of zoning laws in cities and counties
c. the general assembly has no authority in regard to the zoning laws of cities and counties
d. cities and counties are prohibited form passing ordinances (laws) in regard to zoning
 Under article IX, section II, paragraph IX, the constitution provides immunity for local governments from suits for torts. Which of the following is not included in this grant of immunity?a. school government
b. city government
c. country government
d. none of the above
 In regard to their power to tax, cities and countiesa. may use any tax they wish to raise funds
b. may only use the sales tax to raise funds
c. may use any tax authorized by the constitution or general law
d. may not levy tax
 In regard to debt as defined in Article Ix, Section V, paragraph I, each city or countya. may take on debt without the assent of the qualified voters of the city or county
b. is not restricted in how much debt that it issues
c. may take on debt up to 50% of the assessed value of all taxable property within its jurisdiction
d. may not take on more debt greater than 10% of the assessed value of all taxable property within its jurisdiction
 In article IX, section VI, paragraph I, what kind of obligation is indicated not to be the kind of debt referred to in the limitations on the amount of debt that may be incurred by a city or county>a. general obligation bonds
b. revenue bonds
c. industrial bonds
d. special bonds
 In regard to constitutional amendments, Article X, Section I, Paragraph I, allows for what kind of amendments? 
 How may the constitution be amended?a. proposal by the general assembly and approval by voters
b. constitutional convention called by petition of 30% of the qualified voters of the state and approval of the proposed document by voters
c. proposal by general assembly, approval of governor and approval by voters
d. approval by general assembly
 In regard to the bearing of arms in article Ia. the constitution does not allow the keeping and bearing of arms
b. the general assembly may prohibit the keeping and bearing of arms
c. the general may regulate how arms are borne
d. there is no reference to the keeping and bearing of arms in the constitution
 According to article Ia. freedom of speech and the press is absolute
b. freedom of speech and the press is qualified so as to allow for the regulation of abuse of speech and press
c. freedom of speech and the press is not mentioned
d. freedom of speech and of the press is qualified by a prohibition on defamation
 In article I, which of the following is prohibited as a punishment for crime?a. whipping
b. hanging
c. being placed in a stockwade
d. financial penalty
 In article I, which is prohibited?a. imprisonment for debt
b. involuntary servitude
c. legislation concerning the social status of individuals
d. all of the above
 Article I indicates that the enumeration of rights protected in the constitution from interference from the government of georgiaa. is to be considered the totality of the rights protected
b. should be construed so as to deny people any inherent right previously enjoyed
c. is taken from the constitution
d. should be construed as privileges and not rights
 The rights listed in article I, section I, area. limitations on the power of the general assembly
b. not limitations on the general assembly
c. limitations on only the general assembly, but not the rest of the government of georgia
d. statements of principles rather than limitations on any branch of government
 As seen in the bill of rights, the state of georgiaa. may imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts
b. may not imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts
c. may imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts, but only after due process
d. may imprison citizens for failure to pay their debts, but only if they have lived in georgia for less than ten years
 As seen in the bill of rights, the state of georgiaa. may not directly or indirectly provide money in aid of religious institutions
b. may provide money indirectly in aid of religion
c. is encouraged to provide money in aid of religious institutions
d. may provide money to Christian institutions, but not for the institutions of other faiths
 According to the bill of rights, the judiciary of the statea. may not declare legislative acts of the state to be violations of the georgia constitution
b. may not declare legislative acts of the state to be violations of the us constitution
c. must declare legislative acts of the state in violation of the georgia constitution or of the us constitution to be unconstitutional and therefore void
d. may find legislative act of the state to be unconstitutional and therefore void, but only if the act violates both the georgia and us constitution
 According to article II, section VI what limits exist on the power of the general assembly in making laws?a. law may not be repugnant to the georgia constitution
b. 
 According to Article III, Section VI, which of the following is a specific limitation on the power of the general assembly?a. it may non enact a special law relating the rights or status of private persons
b. it may not enact population bills (those that use classification by population to determine the applicability of law) affecting local governments.
c. it may not grant gratuities, except otherwise provided in the constitution
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
 The power to issue injunctions isa. available to all courts in georgia
b. limited to the superior courts
c. limited to the appellate courts
d. limited to the appellate courts and the superior courts

 Article VIII, section III, of the constitution requires that, except as otherwise provided in the constitutiona. all revenue collected from taxes, fees and assessments for state purposes be paid into the general fund of the state treasury

 According to article V, section II the constitution requires that, unless otherwise provided by the constitution or by law, a vacancy resulting from the death or resignation of the holder of public officea. should be filled by appointment of the governor until an election can be called to fill the vacancy
b. should be filled by election within a six month period
c. should be filled by appointment of governor to serve the balance of the unexpired term
d. should be filled the supreme court to serve the balance of the unexpired term
 According to article III, section VII, the general assemblya. may pass only one appropriations bill per session and that is called the general appropriation bill
b. may pass supplementary appropriations bills at any time without restrictions
c. may pass supplementary bills if revenue is available or has been provided through a tax
d. may pass supplementary bills, but only after the passage of a general appropriations bill.
e. both c and d are correct
 Which of the following is true about the veto powers of the governor?a. the governor lacks the power to veto legislation
b. the veto of the governor may be overridden by a majority vote of each house of the general assembly
c. the governor may veto individual appropriations within bills
d the supreme court can override a veto of the governor
 1. Does the current Georgia Constitution impose term limits on governors? If so, what are they?yes. two terms, re-eligible after 4 years
 2. According to the Georgia Constitution, does the Governor have the authority to exercise a line-item veto?yes, can kill specific item in spending bill: can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of the membership in each chamber of the General Assembly
 3. Who has the power of executive clemency in the Georgia Constitution?The State Board of Pardons and Paroles
 4. What are the age qualifications for holding elective office in Georgia (US Senate, US House, Georgia Senate, Georgia House)? Are there citizenship requirement for those seeking elective office? Residency requirements?US senator-30 yrs. old. citizen of US for 9 years. inhabitant of state when chosen. US     house-age 25. citizen for 7 years. inhabitant of state when chosen. GA senate-25. US         citizen. GA citizen for at least 2 years. GA House-21. US citizen. Citizen of GA for at least           2 yrs.
 5. What are the responsibilities of the lieutenant governor in Georgia?president of the senate: oversees committee on senate membership: He is also responsible for choosing the chairman of each committee: Governor is incapacitated         temporarily, the Lieutenant Governor exercises the powers of the Governor. If the        Governor dies or otherwise can no longer fulfill his duties, the Lieutenant Governor          serves the Governor's unexpired term.
 6. Besides the governor and lieutenant governor, what positions are identified by the Georgia constitution as being elected executive officers?

            secretary of state, attorney general, state school superintendent, commissioner of          agriculture, commissioner of labor, commissioner of insurance

 7. What are the qualifications to serve as Georgia’s attorney general? What are his/her responsibilities?US citizen, 10 years. legal resident of state for 4 years immediately preceding     election/appt. 25 yrs old. active-status member of state bar of georgia for 7 years. not engage in private practice of law during term: head of the Department of Law is          responsible for: legal advisor to the executive branch;;representing the state in all        capital felony cases (those involving the death penalty) before the Georgia Supreme            Court;representing the state in all civil actions in any court;representing the state in all          cases before the U.S. Supreme Court;prosecuting any state officer or other person or         entity for violating any criminal statute while dealing with or for the state;conducting       investigations into the affairs of govt.
 8. List the Georgia constitutional boards and commissions (see Article IV). How are members selected for each board or commission? What are the responsibilities of each?PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION-elected statewide, oversees utilities like gas,    electricity,communication networks, transportation; PARDONS AND PAROLES-governor       appoints, can stay death sentence, executive clemency, inmates and parole times:     STATE PERSONNEL BOARD-appointed by governor, hr/benefit programs to govt          workers: STATE TRANSPORTATION BOARD-one member per district elected by majority vote of general assembly, highway construction, railroads: VETERANS    SERVICE BOARD-governor: BOARD OF NATURAL RESOURCES-1 member per             congressional district and 5 at large appointed by governor: EDUCATIONAL BOARD-      governor, one member per district, local schools: REGENTS-one per district, appointed       by governor: colleges
 9. How many days does the Georgia General Assembly meet each year “in session”? How can they convene in mid-January but adjourn at the end of March? What is a “special session”?meets annually in a regular session that begins on the second Monday of January and    lasts up to 40 legislative days: may be called into special session by the governor, who        sets the agenda, or by agreement of three-fifths of the membership of each chamber
 10. What is the term length for Georgia State legislators?2 years
 11. How many members makeup the Georgia General Assembly?236
 12. The passage of legislation by the General Assembly requires what proportion of support from each chamber?

            majority of the entire membership of each chamber: exceptions to this rule. Tax legislation, proposed amendments to the constitution, veto overrides, punitive action           taken against a member of the General Assembly, or motions to change the order of       business require two-thirds majorities

 13. What does the Georgia Constitution indicate are the powers of the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia?

            create new public colleges, junior colleges, and universities subject to approval by          majority vote: management of the University System of Georgia and all of the institutions     in the system

 14. What does the Georgia Constitution indicate about the state’s legal commitment to public education?

            Public education; free public education prior to college or postsecondary level; support by         taxation

 15. What proportion of the vote is required to be elected to public office in Georgia? What happens if a candidate does not receive this proportion?

            candidate must capture 50% of the vote, if not a runoff is held

 16. What requirements does Georgia have for those who wish to vote in an election?

            US citizen, citizen in GA/county, 18 by election day: cant be a felon/mentally incompetent

 17. What is eminent domain?

            taking of private property for public use such as expanding a highway, constructing        facilities, and laying water or sewer lines

 18. How many counties are there in Georgia?159
 19. What is Home Rule?

            counties/cities have the ability to have some government/legal powers of their own as     long as they are not allowing things outside of GA/US laws/constitutions: essentially local       self government

 20. What are the categories of expenditures for which lottery proceeds can be used?

            educational programs and purposes: governor's annual budget including            recommendations for use of the funds

 21. What does it mean to have an open, direct primary?

            all voters can take part. Primary elections are one means by which a political party          nominates candidates for the next general election.a direct primary election in which           voters need not meet a test of party. In an open primary, voters can participate in any      party's primary that they choose.

 22. What is the jurisdiction of the “State’s Court” in Georgia’s court system? 
 23. What civil liberties are protected by the Georgia Constitution?

            similar to bill of rights: church and state: death penalty: free expression: gay and    lesbian rights: open government: poverty: prisons: race and national origin: students and       juveniles rights: voting rights: women and choice: workers rights

 24. What civil liberties are not protected by the Georgia Constitution?

            right to privacy-not in constitution but recognized

 25. How are judges (in the state judiciary) selected in Georgia? (distinguish vacancies from open seats)

            All judges are selected by nonpartisan elections. The initial term of office is six years for             appellate judges and four years for superior court judges: governor can appoint people to      vacant/newly created judgeships: judicial nomination committees to fill vacancies

 26. What are courts of limited jurisdiction (in Georgia)?

            specialized cases-less serious than those in courts of general jurisdiction: municipal        courts-traffic laws, local ordinances, other misdemeanors: process warrants

 27. With the exception of some juveniles, what is the primary trial court for hearing felony cases?

            superior court

 28. How is the Chief of Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court selected?

            justices of supreme court choose chief justice from among themselves: must reside in    geographical area which they serve

 29. According to the state of Georgia Constitution, can taxes be levied by local schools to assist with financing those schools? If so, what kind?

            yes, property tax: "community improvement districts"-taxes for things beyond what         county/city provides:

 30. Can the constitution be amended to affect specific individual counties and cities?

            yes, home rule-local govt. is granted powers to write/amend its charter (local constitution)            and to take any action not prohibited by the state

 31. Are there limits on cities’ and counties’ ability to tax and incur debt?

            law allows counties to levy a one percent general sales tax and 4 percent state tax: debt cannot exceed ten percent of the assessed value of taxable property w/in the jurisdiction:    annual limit on amount that can be borrowed on short-term basis: voters must approve       issuance of new debt by vote in election

 32. What is consolidation? What procedures does a local government have to go through in order to consolidate?

            combine with another county: limit of 159 min. counties: must be started through passage           of act in general assembly and approved by a majority of those voting in referendums in each of the affected counties: can consolidate county and city govt's too

 33. How may the Georgia Constitution be amended?

            requires 2/3 vote by legislature: no limit on number of amendments submitted to voters at           one election: voters cannot petition for certain amendments to be included: requires ratification by a majority of the voters casting ballots: proposals are votes on in next   statewide gen. election after being submitted to electorate by the general assembly

 34. Article I of the Georgia Constitution provides for a bill of rights. What sorts of individual rights are included here? How does this compare with the “federal” bill of rights?

            life, liberty, property: equal protection: freedom of conscience*: religion: speech and      press: libel-truth as evidence: protection of citizens: right to bear arms: assemble and           petition: no bill of attainder: trial by jury: right to courts: searches, seizures, warrants:      benefit of counsel: habeas corpus: self-incrimination: arrest/abuse of prisoners: jeopardy           of life/liberty probidden: treason: effect of conviction" no banishment and whipping: no involuntary servitude: no imprisionment for debt: costs of case not paid beore trial: social    status never subject to legislation: exemptions from levy and sale" spouse's separate         property: enumeration of rights not denial of others: marriages of same sex prohibited*

 35. What does Georgia’s Bill of Rights say about limits on what the State of Georgia may do with respect to citizens who fail to pay their debts?

            prohibits imprisonment for debt

 36. How many constitutions have been adopted by Georgia? When did Georgia last ratify a constitution?

            10: last ratification-1983

 37. What does the Georgia Constitution say about “sovereign” immunity?

            ability of citizens to sue the state/local govt, immunity of govt for its acts harming property         or persons: const. says that the state may waive such immunity in specific situations

 38. What are the responsibilities of the Georgia Public Service Commission? How are members selected for the Commission?

            5 members who are elected statewide for staggered, 6 year terms: regulates telephone    services, utilities such as gas and electricity, communication networks and transportation such as trucking and rail systems

 39. What are the responsibilities of the State Board of Pardons and Paroles?

            power to stay death sentences: executive clemency

 40. What does the Georgia Constitution say about bills of attainder? What is a bill of attainder? 
 41. What does the Georgia Constitution say about slavery, if at all?

            doesnt say anthing, talks about involuntary servitude

 42. What are the requirements for registering to vote in Georgia?

            US citizen, legal res. of georgia and the county in which you want to vote: at least 18 on election day: cant vote if considered mentally incompetent or serving felony sentence

 43. Under the Georgia Constitution, will the state recognize marriage between two individuals of the same sex?no
 44. How many legislators must be present in order for the general assembly to transact legislative business?

            3/5 of the assembly

 45. What are the legislative procedures, according to the Georgia Constitution, for approval, veto and override of vetos?

            senate and house of reps called in: line item vetos are allowed (governor can kill a          specific item in a spending bill): bills passed by a simple majority of entire membership of   each chamber: motions to change bill require 2/3 majority: bills that have been rejected       also need 2/3 to be reconsidered: must be passed by majority vote in one chamber and             passed by majority vote in the other chamber to become a law

 46. How has Georgia’s Constitution historically approached judicial review?

            the power to declare acts unconstitutional: allowed now: institutionalized in 1861

 47. How did state political leaders, pushing for white supremacy during the 19th and 20th century use the constitution to achieve their goals?

            constitution of 1877-disenfranchised of blacks and poor whites by making only those who          paid all of their taxes eligible to vote: misproportion of votes so urban areas votes didn't           count in elections: 1877 constitution

 1. Which of the following is elected by the voters of Georgia?
    1. Commissioner of Agriculture
    2. Public Service Commission
    3. State Superintendent of Schools
    4. All of the above

 

 2. The presiding officer of the State Senate specified by the Georgia Constitution is:
    1. The Speaker
    2. A senator chosen by the governor
    3. The most senior member of the Senate
    4. The lieutenant governor
 3. To protect against the power of the national government, the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution grants the states:
    1. Implied powers
    2. National supremacy
    3. Reserved powers
    4. Enumerated powers
 4. Which of the following is true of rights guaranteed by the Georgia Constitution?
    1. Georgia cannot grant individuals more liberty than is provided by the U.S. Constitution
    2. Georgia was the first state whose courts recognized a right to privacy
    3. Unlike the U.S. Constitution, the Georgia Constitution does not include a bill of rights
    4. The state is forbidden from taking private land without the consent of its owners
 5. Georgia’s use of the white primary was outlawed by the federal courts in the case of:

    1. Wesberry v. Sanders
    2. Fortson v. Toombs
    3. King v. Chapman
    4. Gray v. Sanders
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