Koofers

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Class:PSC 100 - Cognitive Psychology
Subject:Psychology
University:University of California - Davis
Term:Spring 2010
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phoneme basic unit of sound english has 40 humans can make up to 60
morphemes units of meaning ~content morphemes are words/content with depth of meaning ~function morphemes- walkED, TreeS modify functional morphemes
syntax grammar, structure Subject, Verb, Object.
Progmatics ~tone adjustment dependent on context
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arbitrariness of units ~ the sound of "table" has nothing to do with the word, other than the fact we assigned it the name
Sapir-Whorf/linguistic relativity the speakers of different languages have different cognitive systems and that these different systems influence the ways in which people speaking different languages think about the world.
Language Acquisition Device a biologically innate mechanism that facilitates language acquisition. ~ we're, like, genetically wired to understand language
top down reading context clues in learning a word, looking at the words before and after
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6 properties of language communicative arbitrarily symbolic regularly structured structured at multiple levels generative dynamic
lexicon entire set of morphemes in a language
discourse language used beyond the sentence
denotation strict definition of a word
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connotation a words emotional overtones
LD 1st Mos response to human voices cooing- vowel sounds recognize moms voice in 3 days after one month they can hear consonant sounds they can tell speech apart from other sounds
LD 6 Mos babbling- distinct phoneme sounds ~universal language, do it to train brain and mouth, and tone
LD holophrastic period 1-2 yrs one word converys a whole idea ~nouns (general)-65% ~nouns (specific)- 14% ~verbs 13% ~overextension- one word for everything ~underextension- ...
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Telegraphic period two word sentences (verbs nouns) universal among all languages
preschool period just about complete learn functional morhpemes
lexical access the identification of a word that allows us to gain access to the meaning of the word from memory
interactive activation model of reading 3 levels of processing- feature, letter, word bidirectionally- bottom up/top down
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Word-superiority effect letters are read more easily when they are embedded in words than when they’re presented in isolation, or than with letters that don’t form words.
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 phonemebasic unit of sound
english has 40
humans can make up to 60
 morphemesunits of meaning
~content morphemes are words/content with depth of meaning
~function morphemes- walkED, TreeS
modify functional morphemes
 syntaxgrammar, structure
Subject, Verb, Object.
 Progmatics~tone adjustment dependent on context
 arbitrariness of units~ the sound of "table" has nothing to do with the word, other than the fact we assigned it the name
 Sapir-Whorf/linguistic relativitythe speakers of different languages have different cognitive systems and that these different systems influence the ways in which people speaking different languages think about the world.
 Language Acquisition Device a biologically innate mechanism that facilitates language acquisition.
~ we're, like, genetically wired to understand language
 top down readingcontext clues in learning a word, looking at the words before and after
 6 properties of languagecommunicative
arbitrarily symbolic
regularly structured
structured at multiple levels
generative
dynamic
 lexiconentire set of morphemes in a language
 discourselanguage used beyond the sentence
 denotationstrict definition of a word
 connotationa words emotional overtones
 LD 1st Mos response to human voices
cooing- vowel sounds
recognize moms voice in 3 days
after one month they can hear consonant sounds
they can tell speech apart from other sounds
 LD 6 Mosbabbling- distinct phoneme sounds
~universal language, do it to train brain and mouth, and tone
 LD holophrastic period 1-2 yrs
one word converys a whole idea
~nouns (general)-65%
~nouns (specific)- 14%
~verbs 13%
~overextension- one word for everything
~underextension- ...
 Telegraphic periodtwo word sentences (verbs nouns)
universal among all languages
 preschool periodjust about complete
learn functional morhpemes
 lexical accessthe identification of a word that allows us to gain access to the meaning of the word from memory
 interactive activation model of reading3 levels of processing- feature, letter, word

bidirectionally- bottom up/top down
 Word-superiority effectletters are read more easily when they are embedded in words than when they’re presented in isolation, or than with letters that don’t form words.
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