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PSC 100 Lecture 1 Notecards - Flashcards

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Class:PSC 100 - Cognitive Psychology
Subject:Psychology
University:University of California - Davis
Term:Winter 2011
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Examines how events or ideas can become associated with one another in the mind to result in a form of learning Associationism
Attempt by humans to construct systems that show intelligence and, particularly, the intelligent processing of information Artificial intelligence (AI)
Human attempt to make intelligence in symbol-processing systems such as computers Artificial intelligence (AI)
A theoretical outlook that psychology should focus only on the relations between observable behavior, on the one hand, and environmental events or stimuli, on the other Behaviorism
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The study of how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about information Cognitive psychology
A cross-disciplinary field that uses ideas and methods from cognitive psychology, psychobiology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, linguistics, and anthropology Cognitive science
The belief that much of human behavior can be understood in terms of how people think Cognitivism
A response that is measured and is presumed to be the effect of one or more independent variables Dependent variables
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The degree to which particular findings in one environmental context may be considered relevant outside that context Ecological validity
One who believes that we acquire knowledge via empirical evidence Empiricist
Seeks to understand what people do, and why they do it functionalism
States that we best understand psychological phenomena when we view them as organized, structured wholes Gestalt Psychology
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Tentative proposals regarding expected empirical consequences of the theory hypotheses
A variable that is varied or purposefully manipulated and that affects one or more dependent variables Independent variables
Looking inward at pieces of information passing through consciousness introspection
One who believes that knowledge is validated by its usefulness Pragmatists
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One who believes that the route to knowledge is through logical analysis Rationalist
Indicated the likelihood that a given set of results would be obtained if only chance factors were in operation Statistical significance
Seeks to understand the structure (configuartion of elements) of the mind and its perceptions by analyzing those perceptions into their constituent components Structuralism
An organized body of general explanatory principles regarding a phenomenon Theory
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 Examines how events or ideas can become associated with one another in the mind to result in a form of learningAssociationism
 Attempt by humans to construct systems that show intelligence and, particularly, the intelligent processing of informationArtificial intelligence (AI)
  Human attempt to make intelligence in symbol-processing systems such as computersArtificial intelligence (AI)
 A theoretical outlook that psychology should focus only on the relations between observable behavior, on the one hand, and environmental events or stimuli, on the otherBehaviorism
 The study of how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about informationCognitive psychology
 A cross-disciplinary field that uses ideas and methods from cognitive psychology, psychobiology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, linguistics, and anthropologyCognitive science
 The belief that much of human behavior can be understood in terms of how people thinkCognitivism
 A response that is measured and is presumed to be the effect of one or more independent variablesDependent variables
 The degree to which particular findings in one environmental context may be considered relevant outside that contextEcological validity
 One who believes that we acquire knowledge via empirical evidenceEmpiricist
 Seeks to understand what people do, and why they do itfunctionalism
 States that we best understand psychological phenomena when we view them as organized, structured wholesGestalt Psychology
 Tentative proposals regarding expected empirical consequences of the theoryhypotheses
 A variable that is varied or purposefully manipulated and that affects one or more dependent variablesIndependent variables
 Looking inward at pieces of information passing through consciousnessintrospection
 One who believes that knowledge is validated by its usefulnessPragmatists
 One who believes that the route to knowledge is through logical analysisRationalist
 Indicated the likelihood that a given set of results would be obtained if only chance factors were in operationStatistical significance
 Seeks to understand the structure (configuartion of elements) of the mind and its perceptions by analyzing those perceptions into their constituent componentsStructuralism
 An organized body of general explanatory principles regarding a phenomenonTheory
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