Koofers

EXAM #2 - Flashcards

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Class:PSCI 1000 - INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCI
Subject:Political Science
University:University of Nebraska at Omaha
Term:Spring 2011
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Effective To achieve as much as is possible - to produce the greatest good at the least cost
h'Alfred P. Doolittle A "common dustman". Wrote about needs in Shaw's Pygmalion
Definition
Arbitrary Decisions inflexible, not whimsical (reasoning is both absent in arbitrary an capricious) decided that a 70% is always a C
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Capricious At a whim, or without reason; made at that time only giving a grade based on nothing; no grading scale
Due Process the idea that the standards must be applied evenly and consistently, not capriciously. Know 5 ways due process is used in the law
Special Status Rights 1.The right to survive 2. Freedom of speech 3. Right to privacy
Synoptic Thinkers Never loose sight of the goal, but they always try and get there in one big jump. When they succeed, they do so brilliantly, but when they fail, they go down in flames.
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Incremental Thinkers Prefer to work cautiously towards the goal,never going so far with any one step that they can't retreat or change direction if it doesn't work rarely have major failures, but their progress is so slow that it may not even be noticed. Can even take steps that contradict their original goal becuase they always focus on the NEXT step rather than the eventual goal.
Disjointed Incrementalism Can even take steps that contradict their original goal becuase they always focus on the NEXT step rather than the eventual goal.
Risk-averse People More likely to use incremental style, but more likely to be attracted to synoptic/radical styles. Both are uncomfortable when forced into situations that are outside of their comfort zone
Herbert Hoover Incrementalist; Knew social security would be needed, but was reluctant to propose such a radical step. FDR was the one who introduced bold and seeping changes (synoptic thinker)
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Market Based Authority people, for the most part, should make these decisions and allocations based on their voluntary associations with one another. (lazissez-faire approach) Markets have "no heart". Do not make decisions based on anything other than efficiency and profitability. Can be human costs.
Authority Based Policy Stance government to make decisions on behalf of the people it is a poor allocator and inefficient- the distribution value does not direct things to those who most need them. Based on political rather than empirical needs. (Make a new factory in town A becuase of the high unemployment rate, even though the materials needed are hundreds of miles away)
Collective Goods parks, drinking water, education a good that is nonrival and non-excludable
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 EffectiveTo achieve as much as is possible - to produce the greatest good at the least cost
 h'Alfred P. DoolittleA "common dustman". Wrote about needs in Shaw's Pygmalion
  Definition
 Arbitrary Decisionsinflexible, not whimsical (reasoning is both absent in arbitrary an capricious)

decided that a 70% is always a C
 CapriciousAt a whim, or without reason; made at that time only

giving a grade based on nothing; no grading scale
 Due Processthe idea that the standards must be applied evenly and consistently, not capriciously.

Know 5 ways due process is used in the law
 Special Status Rights1.The right to survive

2. Freedom of speech

3. Right to privacy
 Synoptic ThinkersNever loose sight of the goal, but they always try and get there in one big jump.

When they succeed, they do so brilliantly, but when they fail, they go down in flames.
 Incremental ThinkersPrefer to work cautiously towards the goal,never going so far with any one step that they can't retreat or change direction if it doesn't work

rarely have major failures, but their progress is so slow that it may not even be noticed. Can even take steps that contradict their original goal becuase they always focus on the NEXT step rather than the eventual goal.
 Disjointed IncrementalismCan even take steps that contradict their original goal becuase they always focus on the NEXT step rather than the eventual goal.
 Risk-averse PeopleMore likely to use incremental style, but more likely to be attracted to synoptic/radical styles. Both are uncomfortable when forced into situations that are outside of their comfort zone
 Herbert HooverIncrementalist; Knew social security would be needed, but was reluctant to propose such a radical step. FDR was the one who introduced bold and seeping changes (synoptic thinker)
 Market Based Authoritypeople, for the most part, should make these decisions and allocations based on their voluntary associations with one another. (lazissez-faire approach)

Markets have "no heart". Do not make decisions based on anything other than efficiency and profitability. Can be human costs.
 Authority Based Policy Stancegovernment to make decisions on behalf of the people

it is a poor allocator and inefficient- the distribution value does not direct things to those who most need them. Based on political rather than empirical needs.

(Make a new factory in town A becuase of the high unemployment rate, even though the materials needed are hundreds of miles away)
 Collective Goodsparks, drinking water, education

a good that is nonrival and non-excludable
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