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Psy 102: Relationships - Flashcards

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Class:PSY 102 - SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Subject:Psychology
University:University of California - Santa Barbara
Term:Spring 2013
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Who's Attractive to us? People nearby (MIT study)
People you hang out with more and more you like more (mere exposure effect)
similar people (the matching hypotheses)
"what is beautiful is good" phenomenon
Attachment Behavioral System have a system in place to communicate distress to a caregiver
4 features of Attachment System proximity seeking
separation distress
safe haven
secure base
Internal Working Model of Attachment experience in early relationships
expectations about relationships
behaviors in current relationships
experience in current relationships
expectations about relationships
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Individual Differences: Strange Situation Paradigm secure
anxious-preoccupied
dismissive-avoidant
fearful-avoidant
secure attachment style comfortable with intimacy and want to be close to others during times of threat
anxious-preoccupied style "clinginess". Tend not to have a positive view of themselves, but they value and seek intimacy
dismissive-avoidant style self-reliant/independent. Seek less intimacy with others and deny importance of close relationships.
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fearful-avoidant style desire closeness with others but feel unworthy of others' affection and so do not seek out intimacy
Passionate Love intense longing for union with another (obsessive features)
tends to decline over time (but doesn't have to)
"I would rather be with ____ than anyone else"
Companionate Love comfortable, affectionate, friendship-based
tends to grow over time
"our love is based on a deep and abiding friendship"
Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love 8 different types of love based on combinations of:
PASSION
INTIMACY
COMMITMENT
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Self-Expansion falling in love...
increases in self-esteem & self-efficacy
you are integrating parts of their self-concept into your self-concept
Factors effecting value of rewards & costs Principle of Scarcity (limited resources valued to a greater extent)
Principle of Satiation (value of repeated rewards will decrease)
Principle of Fatigue (value of repeated costs will increase)
Interdependence Theory each person's rewards & costs are determined in part by their relationship experiences and expectations (internal working model!)

This theory offers more detail than classic exchange theory
satisfaction = outcome - comparison level (what does comparison level mean?) CL:
what we feel we deserve from our relationships
based largely on our experiences
standard against which we judge our happiness

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dependence = outcome - comparison level for alternatives (what does CLalt. mean?) CLalt:
our realistic expectations for another relationship or situation
currently available alternatives (including being single)
standard against which we decide whether to stay or leave
what sort of norms do we use to evaluate the giving and receiving of benefits? exchange relationships
communal relationships
exchange relationships benefits given with the expectation of receiving comparable ones in return (tit for tat)

relationships with strangers, colleagues, casual acquaintances


communal relationships giving benefits is rewarding itself...no tit for tat
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communal strength motivation to respond to other's needs; willing to incur greater costs without expecting compensation
Investment Model of Commitment Positive satisfaction & investments and negative alternatives all lead to commitment
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 Who's Attractive to us?People nearby (MIT study)
People you hang out with more and more you like more (mere exposure effect)
similar people (the matching hypotheses)
"what is beautiful is good" phenomenon
 Attachment Behavioral Systemhave a system in place to communicate distress to a caregiver
 4 features of Attachment Systemproximity seeking
separation distress
safe haven
secure base
 Internal Working Model of Attachmentexperience in early relationships
expectations about relationships
behaviors in current relationships
experience in current relationships
expectations about relationships
 Individual Differences: Strange Situation Paradigmsecure
anxious-preoccupied
dismissive-avoidant
fearful-avoidant
 secure attachment stylecomfortable with intimacy and want to be close to others during times of threat
 anxious-preoccupied style"clinginess". Tend not to have a positive view of themselves, but they value and seek intimacy
 dismissive-avoidant styleself-reliant/independent. Seek less intimacy with others and deny importance of close relationships.
 fearful-avoidant styledesire closeness with others but feel unworthy of others' affection and so do not seek out intimacy
 Passionate Loveintense longing for union with another (obsessive features)
tends to decline over time (but doesn't have to)
"I would rather be with ____ than anyone else"
 Companionate Lovecomfortable, affectionate, friendship-based
tends to grow over time
"our love is based on a deep and abiding friendship"
 Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love8 different types of love based on combinations of:
PASSION
INTIMACY
COMMITMENT
 Self-Expansionfalling in love...
increases in self-esteem & self-efficacy
you are integrating parts of their self-concept into your self-concept
 Factors effecting value of rewards & costsPrinciple of Scarcity (limited resources valued to a greater extent)
Principle of Satiation (value of repeated rewards will decrease)
Principle of Fatigue (value of repeated costs will increase)
 Interdependence Theoryeach person's rewards & costs are determined in part by their relationship experiences and expectations (internal working model!)

This theory offers more detail than classic exchange theory
 satisfaction = outcome - comparison level (what does comparison level mean?)CL:
what we feel we deserve from our relationships
based largely on our experiences
standard against which we judge our happiness

 dependence = outcome - comparison level for alternatives (what does CLalt. mean?)CLalt:
our realistic expectations for another relationship or situation
currently available alternatives (including being single)
standard against which we decide whether to stay or leave
 what sort of norms do we use to evaluate the giving and receiving of benefits?exchange relationships
communal relationships
 exchange relationshipsbenefits given with the expectation of receiving comparable ones in return (tit for tat)

relationships with strangers, colleagues, casual acquaintances


 communal relationshipsgiving benefits is rewarding itself...no tit for tat
 communal strengthmotivation to respond to other's needs; willing to incur greater costs without expecting compensation
 Investment Model of CommitmentPositive satisfaction & investments and negative alternatives all lead to commitment
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