Koofers

Exam 1 - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:PSYC 350 - Abnormal Psychology
Subject:Psychology (PSYC)
University:University of Kansas
Term:Spring 2010
- of -
INCORRECT CORRECT
- INCORRECT     - CORRECT     - SKIPPED
Shuffle Remaining Cards Show Definitions First Take Quiz (NEW)
Hide Keyboard shortcuts
Next card
Previous card
Mark correct
Mark incorrect
Flip card
Start Over
Shuffle
      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
six major symptoms of depression mood, feelings of worthlessness, loss of interest or pleasure, problems with thinking, physical problems and thoughts about death and suicide
masked depression depression that is concealed by a mask of physical symptoms
major depressive disorder the individual must suffer from at least five of the symptoms
dysthymic disorder only two symptoms of depression are necessary for a diagnosis bit those symptoms do result in significant distress or impairments of functioning
Generated by Koofers.com
postpartum depression occurs in women within one month of their giving birth
seasonal affective disorder the depression sets in when the season changes from summer to fall and then clears up when spring arrives
premenstrual dysphoric disorder depression that precedes a woman's monthly menstration
interpersonal psychotherapy helping patients develop solutions for the current problems that are causing them stress
Generated by Koofers.com
cognitive approach to depression incorrect negative belief about oneself and the future lead to depression, probably stem from unfortunate previous experiences
cognitive behavioral therapy for depression replacing the negative beliefs with positive beliefs
physiological approach to depression under activity in the structures of the brain that are related to mood cause depression
omega-3 facilitates synaptic transmission where serotonin is the neurotransmitter
Generated by Koofers.com
left prefrontal area people who have strokes in this area are more likely to become depressed
SSRI's drugs that block the re uptake of serotonin
tricyclics drugs that block the re uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin
MAOI's drugs that reduce the destruction of serotonin
Generated by Koofers.com
Atypicals drugs that influence neurotransmitters in unique ways
St. John's Wort nature's Prozac
electroconvulsive therapy involves passing an electrical charge through the brain to cause a convulsion and depression is often reduced
retrograde amnesia temporary loss of memory for relatively recent events
Generated by Koofers.com
vagus nerve stimulation vagus nerve provides a communication pathway up and back between your brain and the upper parts of your body
bipolar disorder periods of wild mania that often alternate with periods of deep depression
mania individuals are excessively happy, excited, emotionally expansive and generally "flying high"
hypomania a low level of mania
Generated by Koofers.com
rapid cycling four or more cycles per year
mixed episode experience mania and depression at the same time
cyclothymic disorder a mild form of bipolar disorder
physiological approach to bipolar disorder problems in the frontal lobes of the brain
Generated by Koofers.com
mood stabilizer holding the individual's mood within a normal range between mania and depression
anticonvulsants treats epilepsy but can also reduce the high levels of brain activity that causes mania
antipsychotics control the psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions that sometimes occur in bipolar disorder
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation stimulation of the right prefrontal lobe, effective in reducing mania
Generated by Koofers.com
psychological approach of bipolar disorder individuals have attempted to escape from their depression with manic bahavior
psychoeducation educating patients and their families about the causes of bipolar disorder and how drugs can work to control the symptoms
cognitive behavioral therapy teaching individuals how to recognize and cope with emotional experiences that would otherwise increase brain activity and lead to bipolar episodes
somatization disorder individuals who have numerous recurrent and long lasting physical complaints that are apparently not due to any actual physical cause. Must include two gastrointestinal symptom, one sexual symptom, one neurological symptom and pain in four locations
Generated by Koofers.com
hypochondriasis unrealistic belief that a minor symptom is a sign of a serious disease
conversion disorder one or more major physical symptoms involving motor or sensory functions and a physical cause for the symptoms cannot be found
pain disorder complaint of pain in the absence of an identifiable physical cause of the pain
body dysmorphic disorder a preoccupation with some imagined or minor defect in one's physical appearance
Generated by Koofers.com
mass psychogenic illness an epidemic of a particular somatoform disorder. an individual begins experiencing a symptom and within a short period of time virtually everyone around them reports the same symptoms
koro the belief that the genitals are withdrawing into the body and that death will soon follow
dhat depression, numerous complaints such as weakness and fatigue and the belief that the symptoms are due to a decline in vital fluid in the body
malingering faking symptoms to gain some benefit
Generated by Koofers.com
factitious disorders faking a disorder for attention or sympathy
factitious disorders by proxy person who acts for another person and persons with factitious disorders by proxy are faking disorders in someone else
craft palsies paralyzes that interfered with their crafts
pseudocyesis "sham pregnancy" now known to be due to hormonal imbalances
Generated by Koofers.com
learning approach to somatoform disorders somatoform disorders are learned and used because they result in rewards
cognitive approach to somatoform disorders an individual focuses too much attention on physical sensations and then misinterprets the sensations as symptoms
physiological approach to somatoform disorders higher levels of physiological arousal
cognitive behavioral therapy for somatoform disorders patient considers the possibility that he or she may have misinterpreted harmless physical sensations as the symptoms of an illness and they the patient tests the hypothesis
Generated by Koofers.com
dissociative disorders individuals are not aware of or lose contact with important aspects of their memories or personalities
dissociative amnesia sudden inhability to remember important personal information or events
dissociative fugue travel to a new locale, amnesia for previous identity and possible assumption of a new identity
dissociative identity disorder two or more distinctly different personalities each of which is in control of the individual at different times and the individual cannot recall important personal information
Generated by Koofers.com
depersonalization disorder feeling detatched from one's body or mental processes
psychodynamic approach to dissociative identity disorder the symptoms are used to protect individuals from overwhelming stress associated with traumatic events
the cognitive approach to dissociative identity disorder the symptoms are suggested to individuals by their therapists, books or dramatic media reports of the disorder
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

  Hide All 60 Print
 
Front
Back
 six major symptoms of depressionmood, feelings of worthlessness, loss of interest or pleasure, problems with thinking, physical problems and thoughts about death and suicide
 masked depressiondepression that is concealed by a mask of physical symptoms
 major depressive disorderthe individual must suffer from at least five of the symptoms
 dysthymic disorderonly two symptoms of depression are necessary for a diagnosis bit those symptoms do result in significant distress or impairments of functioning
 postpartum depressionoccurs in women within one month of their giving birth
 seasonal affective disorderthe depression sets in when the season changes from summer to fall and then clears up when spring arrives
 premenstrual dysphoric disorderdepression that precedes a woman's monthly menstration
 interpersonal psychotherapyhelping patients develop solutions for the current problems that are causing them stress
 cognitive approach to depressionincorrect negative belief about oneself and the future lead to depression, probably stem from unfortunate previous experiences
 cognitive behavioral therapy for depressionreplacing the negative beliefs with positive beliefs
 physiological approach to depressionunder activity in the structures of the brain that are related to mood cause depression
 omega-3facilitates synaptic transmission where serotonin is the neurotransmitter
 left prefrontal areapeople who have strokes in this area are more likely to become depressed
 SSRI'sdrugs that block the re uptake of serotonin
 tricyclicsdrugs that block the re uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin
 MAOI'sdrugs that reduce the destruction of serotonin
 Atypicalsdrugs that influence neurotransmitters in unique ways
 St. John's Wortnature's Prozac
 electroconvulsive therapyinvolves passing an electrical charge through the brain to cause a convulsion and depression is often reduced
 retrograde amnesiatemporary loss of memory for relatively recent events
 vagus nerve stimulationvagus nerve provides a communication pathway up and back between your brain and the upper parts of your body
 bipolar disorderperiods of wild mania that often alternate with periods of deep depression
 maniaindividuals are excessively happy, excited, emotionally expansive and generally "flying high"
 hypomaniaa low level of mania

 rapid cyclingfour or more cycles per year
 mixed episodeexperience mania and depression at the same time
 cyclothymic disordera mild form of bipolar disorder
 physiological approach to bipolar disorderproblems in the frontal lobes of the brain
 mood stabilizerholding the individual's mood within a normal range between mania and depression
 anticonvulsantstreats epilepsy but can also reduce the high levels of brain activity that causes mania
 antipsychoticscontrol the psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions that sometimes occur in bipolar disorder
 repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulationstimulation of the right prefrontal lobe, effective in reducing mania
 psychological approach of bipolar disorderindividuals have attempted to escape from their depression with manic bahavior
 psychoeducationeducating patients and their families about the causes of bipolar disorder and how drugs can work to control the symptoms
 cognitive behavioral therapyteaching individuals how to recognize and cope with emotional experiences that would otherwise increase brain activity and lead to bipolar episodes
 somatization disorderindividuals who have numerous recurrent and long lasting physical complaints that are apparently not due to any actual physical cause. Must include two gastrointestinal symptom, one sexual symptom, one neurological symptom and pain in four locations
 hypochondriasisunrealistic belief that a minor symptom is a sign of a serious disease
 conversion disorderone or more major physical symptoms involving motor or sensory functions and a physical cause for the symptoms cannot be found
 pain disordercomplaint of pain in the absence of an identifiable physical cause of the pain
 body dysmorphic disordera preoccupation with some imagined or minor defect in one's physical appearance
 mass psychogenic illnessan epidemic of a particular somatoform disorder. an individual begins experiencing a symptom and within a short period of time virtually everyone around them reports the same symptoms
 korothe belief that the genitals are withdrawing into the body and that death will soon follow
 dhatdepression, numerous complaints such as weakness and fatigue and the belief that the symptoms are due to a decline in vital fluid in the body
 malingeringfaking symptoms to gain some benefit
 factitious disordersfaking a disorder for attention or sympathy
 factitious disorders by proxyperson who acts for another person and persons with factitious disorders by proxy are faking disorders in someone else
 craft palsiesparalyzes that interfered with their crafts
 pseudocyesis"sham pregnancy" now known to be due to hormonal imbalances
 learning approach to somatoform disorderssomatoform disorders are learned and used because they result in rewards
 cognitive approach to somatoform disordersan individual focuses too much attention on physical sensations and then misinterprets the sensations as symptoms
 physiological approach to somatoform disordershigher levels of physiological arousal
 cognitive behavioral therapy for somatoform disorderspatient considers the possibility that he or she may have misinterpreted harmless physical sensations as the symptoms of an illness and they the patient tests the hypothesis
 dissociative disordersindividuals are not aware of or lose contact with important aspects of their memories or personalities
 dissociative amnesiasudden inhability to remember important personal information or events
 dissociative fuguetravel to a new locale, amnesia for previous identity and possible assumption of a new identity
 dissociative identity disordertwo or more distinctly different personalities each of which is in control of the individual at different times and the individual cannot recall important personal information
 depersonalization disorderfeeling detatched from one's body or mental processes
 psychodynamic approach to dissociative identity disorderthe symptoms are used to protect individuals from overwhelming stress associated with traumatic events
 the cognitive approach to dissociative identity disorderthe symptoms are suggested to individuals by their therapists, books or dramatic media reports of the disorder
   
36, "/var/app/current/tmp/"