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final- based on study guide, ch 1 - Flashcards

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Class:PSYC 221 - Social Psychology
Subject:Psychology
University:University of Maryland
Term:Fall 2011
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social psychology the
ABC triad
  • affect- how people feel inside
  • behavior- what people do
  • cognition- what people think
lay theories
  • theories people use in their everyday lives that reflect the core beliefs of a culture
  • folk theories
  • love of wisdom

research
  • take ideas that are assumed to be true and test them
  • reliance on the scientific method

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theoretical perspective power of situational or momentary effects
stroop task words that spell out a color but are shaded a different color
priming
  • "spreading activation"
  • planting an idea in someone's mind
  • automatic

semantic priming
  • study of the meaning of words
  • phrases facilitate responses to other words
  • effects are relative
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schema
  • cognition structures representing ideas in the mind
  • schema:mind :: neuron:brain
  • exist in both rational/conscious and automatic/associative mind
  • dynamic at first, stable and resistant to change once formed
types of schemata
  • concept
  • specific person
  • group- stereotypes
  • self- changes by situation
  • event
  • procedure

scripts
  • enduring cognitive structure summarizing commonalities
  • knowledge base
  • facilitates communication/cooperation
  • manifests in behaviors and narratives
theories v. phenomena
  • theories: symbolic representation of reality, why something is.
  • phenomena: what something is or what an affect is
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external v internal validity
  • external: the extent to which the findings from a study can be generalized to other people, other settings, and other time periods
  • internal: the extent to which changes in the independent variable caused changes in the dependent variable

correlation v causation
  • correlation: the relationship or association between two variables
  • causation: direct relationship that one variable is an effect of another
  • correlation does NOT equal causation

7 methods for studying behavior/mental processes/physical processes
  1. surveys
  2. observation
  3. meta-analysis
  4. field experiment
  5. experience-sampling
  6. simulation
  7. physiological measurement

surveys
  • questionnaire
  • time efficient
  • a lot of data
  • self-report biases
  • accuracy of behavior

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observation
  • real world environment
  • no control
  • need good coding
  • difficult to achieve

meta-analysis quantitative literature review that combines the statistical results from all studies on a particular topic
field experiment manipulate an independent variable using the scientific method in a real world setting
experience sampling gather data on behavior as it happens in a journal

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simulation put people into roles, see how they behave
physiological measurement fMRI
EEG
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 social psychologythe
 ABC triad
  • affect- how people feel inside
  • behavior- what people do
  • cognition- what people think
 lay theories
  • theories people use in their everyday lives that reflect the core beliefs of a culture
  • folk theories
  • love of wisdom

 research
  • take ideas that are assumed to be true and test them
  • reliance on the scientific method

 theoretical perspectivepower of situational or momentary effects
 stroop taskwords that spell out a color but are shaded a different color
 priming
  • "spreading activation"
  • planting an idea in someone's mind
  • automatic

 semantic priming
  • study of the meaning of words
  • phrases facilitate responses to other words
  • effects are relative
 schema
  • cognition structures representing ideas in the mind
  • schema:mind :: neuron:brain
  • exist in both rational/conscious and automatic/associative mind
  • dynamic at first, stable and resistant to change once formed
 types of schemata
  • concept
  • specific person
  • group- stereotypes
  • self- changes by situation
  • event
  • procedure

 scripts
  • enduring cognitive structure summarizing commonalities
  • knowledge base
  • facilitates communication/cooperation
  • manifests in behaviors and narratives
 theories v. phenomena
  • theories: symbolic representation of reality, why something is.
  • phenomena: what something is or what an affect is
 external v internal validity
  • external: the extent to which the findings from a study can be generalized to other people, other settings, and other time periods
  • internal: the extent to which changes in the independent variable caused changes in the dependent variable

 correlation v causation
  • correlation: the relationship or association between two variables
  • causation: direct relationship that one variable is an effect of another
  • correlation does NOT equal causation

 7 methods for studying behavior/mental processes/physical processes
  1. surveys
  2. observation
  3. meta-analysis
  4. field experiment
  5. experience-sampling
  6. simulation
  7. physiological measurement

 surveys
  • questionnaire
  • time efficient
  • a lot of data
  • self-report biases
  • accuracy of behavior

 observation
  • real world environment
  • no control
  • need good coding
  • difficult to achieve

 meta-analysisquantitative literature review that combines the statistical results from all studies on a particular topic
 field experimentmanipulate an independent variable using the scientific method in a real world setting
 experience samplinggather data on behavior as it happens in a journal

 simulationput people into roles, see how they behave
 physiological measurementfMRI
EEG
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