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Class:PSYC 3730 - Social Psychology
Subject:Psychology
University:University of West Georgia
Term:Spring 2010
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The process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met is called _____________. motivation
Motivation’ is derived from the Latin word for____________ movere- to move
A desire to perform a behavior to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment is known as ______. extrinsic
Homeostasis is most like which of the following? tendency of the body to maintain a steady state
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The theory stating that behaviors are motivated by an organism’s attempts to reduce tension from conditions such as hunger or thirst and return the body to a state of balance is called ______ theory. drive reduction theory
According to Abraham Maslow, developing one’s potential to its fullest extent results in ___________. self actualization
According to Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy, which needs must be met first? physiological: to satisfy ; hunger thirst fatigue ect
What is one of the criticisms of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? little scientific support
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Alderfer’s refinement of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs would be regarded... 3levels: existence needs,relatedness needs, growth needs
Which of the following indicators reflects the possibility of physical dependence? body craves drug, cant function normally without it , withdrawals
Drugs that speed up the functioning of the nervous system are called _____________. stimulants
When amphetamines are abused, the resulting effects may include ______________. a crash or physical dependence
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Morphine and heroin duplicate the action of ____________. endorphins
What drink or substance is most commonly used in combination with Ecstasy? water
As we saw in the movie (on subject of the prolonged stress response) Physiologist Robert Sapolsky used his 30 year study in baboon’s and their social hierarchical groups to make what stunning point?
MDMA (Ecstasy or X) is classed as what class of drug (based on its effects) hallucigen
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As anorexia nervosa has its typical onset in early teens, one psychological theory has it that causes menstruation to cease
Jenny has an intense interest in food but eats sparingly and with disgust. She has an intense fear of becoming obese, and even though she looks emaciated, she still claims she “feels fat” and refuses to eat enough to maintain even a minimal normal body weight for her frame. She is most likely suffering from __________. annorexia nervosa
Which theory of personality was a direct reaction against the psychoanalytic and behaviorist perspectives? numanistic perspective
Which of the following is NOT one of the layers of consciousness proposed by Sigmund Freud? preconscious, conscious and unconscious minds
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In Sigmund Freud’s theory, the _______ operates according to the pleasure principle.
For Freud, the moral guardian of personality is the ______.
The job of the _________ is to find practical ways for the _________ to get its pleasure needs met without offending the morality of the ________.
According to Freud, the stage in which children develop a marked attachment to the parent of the opposite sex and become jealous of the same-sex parent is the ______. oedipus complex
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Jung believed that there were two levels to the unconscious mind, the personal and the ________. According to Jung, the memories and behavior patterns inherited from past generations are part of the ______. collective unconscious archetypes
Which of the following statements is a claim often made by critics of projective testing? very subjective
Which of the following statements is criticism that one might legitimately make about the humanistic perspective of personality? ignoring the more negative aspects of human nature , no scientific support
Which personality test relies on the interpretation of inkblots to understand personality? projective test
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Disorders such as koro, susto, and amok are considered __________. culture bound syndromes
_____________ theory is called the third force in personality theory.
You are a contestant on Jeopardy! and it is your turn. You say to Alex, “I’ll take Ancient Explanations of Mental Illness for $100.” The answer is, “His was the first recorded attempt to explain abnormal behavior as due to some biological process.” The smile on your face reveals the confidence you have as you say______________. hippocrates
Archaeologists have found skulls from as long ago as 3000 B.C. that bear evidence of an ancient surgical technique, whereby holes were cut into the skulls of live individuals in an attempt to release demons from the possessed victim. This process is called__________. trepanning
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Which model of abnormality explains abnormal behavior as the result of a set of learned responses? behaviorism
Which model of abnormality views abnormal behavior as the result of illogical cognitive perspective
When a psychologist or psychiatrist is using the DSM-IV-TR as a guide to evaluating a client, he or she would assess the client on each of five __________. axis of dsmivtr
Which of the following is an anxiety disorder? axis I
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Any behavior that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life is considered__________. phsychological disorder
According to Freud, the result of conflict between the id and superego is ___________.
Shereen is diagnosed with schizophrenia. She believes that she is a powerful person who can save the world. Shereen is experiencing __________. delusions
What is the best way to describe the positive symptoms of schizophrenia? appear to reflect an excess or distortion of normal functions
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According to family, twin, and adoption studies, a person is at greatest risk for developing schizophrenia _________. blood relative having it
People with ______ disorders have an excessively rigid, maladaptive pattern of personality
Which of the following culture-bound syndromes is found mostly in Western cultures? anorexia
Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR consists of_____________. personality disorders and mental retardation
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Therapies directed at changing the disordered behavior are referred to as __________. action therapy
The major goal of insight therapies is to give people ______. understand themselves action therapy
A person who is suffering from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations and who is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality is likely suffering from_______. schizophrenia
The psychoanalytic patient who lets her thoughts flow without interruption or fear of negative criticism from her therapist is using ______. free association
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The kind of therapy that uses biological treatments such as medication, surgical methods, and electrical shock treatments to bring about changes in the person’s disordered behavior is called__________________. biometrical therapy
When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis?
Your friend tells you that his therapist is a Gestalt therapist. You ask him to describe what might happen in one of his therapy sessions. Which of the following is his most likely answer?
As Celine begins to reveal more and more of her innermost thoughts and feelings to her therapist, she begins to feel good about him as well as accepted by him. She develops a sense of trust, particularly because he does not criticize her. What process is occurring? Carl Rogers’s person-centered approach is considered ________ because the client actually does all the real work, with the therapist merely acting as a sounding board.
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Every time Jarrad opens his cigarette case or uses his lighter, he gets a painful electric shock. Jarrad’s friends and family have been asked not to give him any cigarettes or light any cigarettes for him, so he must use his own lighter if he wants to smoke. Eventually, Jarrad loses his desire to smoke, thanks to ______.
The first truly organized effort to house mentally ill persons began in England in the 16th century and was called _________________. bethelhem hospital (asylum)
A therapist challenges what she sees as her client’s irrational and self-defeating thoughts. Her goal is to help her client change these thoughts into more rational, helpful, positive thoughts. In addition, she wants to help her client develop strategies that can be used to cope with future problems. She is probably a ______________ therapist.
Which of the following is a key component of Rogers’s person-centered therapy?
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Allen, who has a drug abuse problem, is MOST likely to be successfully treated by ______.
An advantage of group therapy is that it ___________.
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 The process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met is called _____________.motivation
 Motivation’ is derived from the Latin word for____________ movere- to move
 A desire to perform a behavior to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment is known as ______.extrinsic
 Homeostasis is most like which of the following?tendency of the body to maintain a steady state
 The theory stating that behaviors are motivated by an organism’s attempts to reduce tension from conditions such as hunger or thirst and return the body to a state of balance is called ______ theory.drive reduction theory
 According to Abraham Maslow, developing one’s potential to its fullest extent results in ___________.self actualization
 According to Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy, which needs must be met first?physiological: to satisfy ; hunger thirst fatigue ect
 What is one of the criticisms of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?little scientific support
 Alderfer’s refinement of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs would be regarded...3levels: existence needs,relatedness needs, growth needs
 Which of the following indicators reflects the possibility of physical dependence?body craves drug, cant function normally without it , withdrawals
 Drugs that speed up the functioning of the nervous system are called _____________.stimulants
 When amphetamines are abused, the resulting effects may include ______________.a crash or physical dependence
 Morphine and heroin duplicate the action of ____________.endorphins
 What drink or substance is most commonly used in combination with Ecstasy? water
 As we saw in the movie (on subject of the prolonged stress response) Physiologist Robert Sapolsky used his 30 year study in baboon’s and their social hierarchical groups to make what stunning point? 
 MDMA (Ecstasy or X) is classed as what class of drug (based on its effects)hallucigen
 As anorexia nervosa has its typical onset in early teens, one psychological theory has it thatcauses menstruation to cease
  Jenny has an intense interest in food but eats sparingly and with disgust. She has an intense fear of becoming obese, and even though she looks emaciated, she still claims she “feels fat” and refuses to eat enough to maintain even a minimal normal body weight for her frame. She is most likely suffering from __________. annorexia nervosa
 Which theory of personality was a direct reaction against the psychoanalytic and behaviorist perspectives?numanistic perspective
 Which of the following is NOT one of the layers of consciousness proposed by Sigmund Freud?preconscious, conscious and unconscious minds
 In Sigmund Freud’s theory, the _______ operates according to the pleasure principle. 
 For Freud, the moral guardian of personality is the ______. 
 The job of the _________ is to find practical ways for the _________ to get its pleasure needs met without offending the morality of the ________.  
 According to Freud, the stage in which children develop a marked attachment to the parent of the opposite sex and become jealous of the same-sex parent is the ______. oedipus complex
 Jung believed that there were two levels to the unconscious mind, the personal and the ________. According to Jung, the memories and behavior patterns inherited from past generations are part of the ______. collective unconscious


archetypes
 Which of the following statements is a claim often made by critics of projective testing? very subjective
 Which of the following statements is criticism that one might legitimately make about the humanistic perspective of personality? ignoring the more negative aspects of human nature , no scientific support
 Which personality test relies on the interpretation of inkblots to understand personality? projective test
 Disorders such as koro, susto, and amok are considered __________. culture bound syndromes
 _____________ theory is called the third force in personality theory.  
 You are a contestant on Jeopardy! and it is your turn. You say to Alex, “I’ll take Ancient Explanations of Mental Illness for $100.” The answer is, “His was the first recorded attempt to explain abnormal behavior as due to some biological process.” The smile on your face reveals the confidence you have as you say______________. hippocrates
 Archaeologists have found skulls from as long ago as 3000 B.C. that bear evidence of an ancient surgical technique, whereby holes were cut into the skulls of live individuals in an attempt to release demons from the possessed victim. This process is called__________. trepanning
 Which model of abnormality explains abnormal behavior as the result of a set of learned responses? behaviorism
 Which model of abnormality views abnormal behavior as the result of illogical cognitive perspective
 When a psychologist or psychiatrist is using the DSM-IV-TR as a guide to evaluating a client, he or she would assess the client on each of five __________. axis of dsmivtr
 Which of the following is an anxiety disorder? axis I
 Any behavior that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life is considered__________. phsychological disorder
 According to Freud, the result of conflict between the id and superego is ___________.  
 Shereen is diagnosed with schizophrenia. She believes that she is a powerful person who can save the world. Shereen is experiencing __________. delusions
 What is the best way to describe the positive symptoms of schizophrenia? appear to reflect an excess or distortion of normal functions
 According to family, twin, and adoption studies, a person is at greatest risk for developing schizophrenia _________. blood relative having it
 People with ______ disorders have an excessively rigid, maladaptive pattern of personality
 Which of the following culture-bound syndromes is found mostly in Western cultures? anorexia
 Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR consists of_____________. personality disorders and mental retardation
 Therapies directed at changing the disordered behavior are referred to as __________. action therapy
 The major goal of insight therapies is to give people ______. understand themselvesaction therapy
 A person who is suffering from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations and who is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality is likely suffering from_______. schizophrenia
 The psychoanalytic patient who lets her thoughts flow without interruption or fear of negative criticism from her therapist is using ______. free association
 The kind of therapy that uses biological treatments such as medication, surgical methods, and electrical shock treatments to bring about changes in the person’s disordered behavior is called__________________. biometrical therapy
 When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis?  
 Your friend tells you that his therapist is a Gestalt therapist. You ask him to describe what might happen in one of his therapy sessions. Which of the following is his most likely answer?  
 As Celine begins to reveal more and more of her innermost thoughts and feelings to her therapist, she begins to feel good about him as well as accepted by him. She develops a sense of trust, particularly because he does not criticize her. What process is occurring? Carl Rogers’s person-centered approach is considered ________ because the client actually does all the real work, with the therapist merely acting as a sounding board.  
 Every time Jarrad opens his cigarette case or uses his lighter, he gets a painful electric shock. Jarrad’s friends and family have been asked not to give him any cigarettes or light any cigarettes for him, so he must use his own lighter if he wants to smoke. Eventually, Jarrad loses his desire to smoke, thanks to ______.  
 The first truly organized effort to house mentally ill persons began in England in the 16th century and was called _________________. bethelhem hospital (asylum)
 A therapist challenges what she sees as her client’s irrational and self-defeating thoughts. Her goal is to help her client change these thoughts into more rational, helpful, positive thoughts. In addition, she wants to help her client develop strategies that can be used to cope with future problems. She is probably a ______________ therapist.  
 Which of the following is a key component of Rogers’s person-centered therapy?  
 Allen, who has a drug abuse problem, is MOST likely to be successfully treated by ______.  
 An advantage of group therapy is that it ___________.  
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