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Quiz 3 - Flashcards

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Class:PSYC 101 - General Psychology
Subject:Psychology
University:Samford University
Term:Spring 2011
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Confirmation Bias A tendency to search for information that confirms a personal bias
Overconfidence A tendency to over estimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments
Exaggerated Fear opposite of being over confident
Belief Perseverance The tendency to cling to our beliefs in the face of contrary evidence
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Children never exposed to any language by the age of... 7 gradually will lose the ability to master language
Howard Gardner supports the idea that intelligence comes in multiple forms. Proposed 8 types of intelligences
8 types of intelligences 1. Linguistic 2. Logical- mathematical 3. Musical 4. Spatial 5. Bodily-kinestetic
David Wechsler Developed the Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Children Scale (WISC)- intelligence test for school age kids They measure the overall intelligence and 11 other aspects
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Principles of Test Construction For test to be acceptable it must fulfill the criteria: standardization reliability Validity
Flynn Effect Intelligence scores have risen steadily by an average of 27 points. This phenomenon is known as the Flynn Effect
Stereotype Threat A self- confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype Appears in some instances in intelligence testing among AA's and among women of all colors.
Drive- Reduction Theory a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy a need. Ex. Thirsty so drink water
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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Meet basic needs before you can worry about any other needs Top- self actualization needs- need to live up to potential Bottom- physiological needs- need to satisfy hunger and thirst
Anorexia Nervosa A condition in which a normal weight person continually loses weight, but still feels overweight
Bulimia Nervosa A disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually high calorie foods, followed by a vomiting, using laxatives, fasting, or excessive exercise.
Body Mass Index BMI is determined by height and weight
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Plan to Lose Weight when you are motivated, begin a weight-loss program, minimize your exposure to tempting foods, exercise, and forgive yourself for lapses
Why People Do Not Use Contraception 1. Ignorance 2. Guilt Related to Sexual Activity 3. Minimal Communication 4. Alcohol Use 5. Mass Media
Sexually Transmitted Diseases 1. High Intelligence 2. Religiosity 3. Father Presence 4. Learning Programs
Desire to Achieve Emotional Roots: associated with positive emotions Cognitive Roots: Raising Expectations
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Attitudes Towards Work 1. Job: Necessary way to make money 2. Career: Opportunity to advance from 1 position to the next 3. Calling: Fulfilling a socially useful activity
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 Confirmation BiasA tendency to search for information that confirms a personal bias
 OverconfidenceA tendency to over estimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments
 Exaggerated Fearopposite of being over confident
 Belief PerseveranceThe tendency to cling to our beliefs in the face of contrary evidence
 Children never exposed to any language by the age of...7 gradually will lose the ability to master language
 Howard Gardnersupports the idea that intelligence comes in multiple forms. Proposed 8 types of intelligences
 8 types of intelligences1. Linguistic
2. Logical- mathematical
3. Musical
4. Spatial
5. Bodily-kinestetic
 David Wechsler Developed the Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
Children Scale (WISC)- intelligence test for school age kids

They measure the overall intelligence and 11 other aspects
 Principles of Test ConstructionFor test to be acceptable it must fulfill the criteria:
standardization
reliability
Validity
 Flynn EffectIntelligence scores have risen steadily by an average of 27 points. This phenomenon is known as the Flynn Effect
 Stereotype Threat A self- confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype
Appears in some instances in intelligence testing among AA's and among women of all colors.
 Drive- Reduction Theorya physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy a need.
Ex. Thirsty so drink water
 Maslow's Hierarchy of NeedsMeet basic needs before you can worry about any other needs
Top- self actualization needs- need to live up to potential
Bottom- physiological needs- need to satisfy hunger and thirst
 Anorexia NervosaA condition in which a normal weight person continually loses weight, but still feels overweight
 Bulimia NervosaA disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually high calorie foods, followed by a vomiting, using laxatives, fasting, or excessive exercise.
 Body Mass IndexBMI is determined by height and weight
 Plan to Lose Weightwhen you are motivated, begin a weight-loss program, minimize your exposure to tempting foods, exercise, and forgive yourself for lapses
 Why People Do Not Use Contraception1. Ignorance
2. Guilt Related to Sexual Activity
3. Minimal Communication
4. Alcohol Use
5. Mass Media
 Sexually Transmitted Diseases1. High Intelligence
2. Religiosity
3. Father Presence
4. Learning Programs
 Desire to AchieveEmotional Roots: associated with positive emotions
Cognitive Roots: Raising Expectations
 Attitudes Towards Work1. Job: Necessary way to make money
2. Career: Opportunity to advance from 1 position to the next
3. Calling: Fulfilling a socially useful activity
  Definition
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