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What is Psychology? - Flashcards

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Class:PSYC 181 - Introduction to Psychology
Subject:Psychology
University:University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Term:Spring 2011
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Psychology The discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, and external environment; often represented by the Greek letter psi.
Empirical Relying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or measurement.
Phrenology The now discredited theory that different brain areas account for specific character and personality traits, which can be "read" from bumps on the skull.
Functionalism An early psychological approach that emphasized the function or purpose of behavior and consciousness.
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Psychoanalysis A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, originally formulated by Sigmund Freud, that emphasized unconscious motives and conflicts.
Biological Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings and thoughts.
Evolutionary Psychology A field of psychology emphasizing evolutionary mechanisms that may help explain human commonalities in cognition, development, emotion, social practices, and other areas of behavior.
Learning Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person's or animal's actions; it includes behaviorism and social-cognitive learning theories.
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Cognitive Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes mental processes in perception, memory, language, problem solving, and other areas of behavior.
Sociocultural Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes social and cultural influences on behavior.
Psycho dynamic Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes unconscious dynamics within the individual, such as inner forces, conflicts, or the movement of instinctual energy.
Humanist Psychology A psychological approach that emphasizes free will, personal growth, resilience, and the achievement of human potential.
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 PsychologyThe discipline concerned with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, and external environment; often represented by the Greek letter psi.
 EmpiricalRelying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or measurement.
 PhrenologyThe now discredited theory that different brain areas account for specific character and personality traits, which can be "read" from bumps on the skull.
 FunctionalismAn early psychological approach that emphasized the function or purpose of behavior and consciousness.
 PsychoanalysisA theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, originally formulated by Sigmund Freud, that emphasized unconscious motives and conflicts.
 Biological PerspectiveA psychological approach that emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings and thoughts.
 Evolutionary PsychologyA field of psychology emphasizing evolutionary mechanisms that may help explain human commonalities in cognition, development, emotion, social practices, and other areas of behavior.
 Learning PerspectiveA psychological approach that emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person's or animal's actions; it includes behaviorism and social-cognitive learning theories.
 Cognitive PerspectiveA psychological approach that emphasizes mental processes in perception, memory, language, problem solving, and other areas of behavior.
 Sociocultural PerspectiveA psychological approach that emphasizes social and cultural influences on behavior.
 Psycho dynamic PerspectiveA psychological approach that emphasizes unconscious dynamics within the individual, such as inner forces, conflicts, or the movement of instinctual energy.
 Humanist PsychologyA psychological approach that emphasizes free will, personal growth, resilience, and the achievement of human potential.
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