Koofers

Test 1 (chapters 1-4) - Flashcards

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Class:PSYCH 306 - HUMAN SEXUAL BEH
Subject:PSYCHOLOGY
University:Clemson University
Term:Fall 2010
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Most young people turn to ___ and ___ for information about sex. 1 - peers 2 - media
Surveys indicate that ____% of Americans favor sexuality education in school 85
sex is only a part of __, which encompasses all of the sexual attitudes, feelings, and behaviors associated with being human sexuality
the idea that the primary purpose of sex is for procreation originally came from early Hebrews
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The early ___ affirmed the procreational purpose of sex, but completely denied pleasurable aspects Christians
The biggest proponent of this view within Christianity was ___. St. Augustine
In Western culture, negative attitudes about sex reached their zenith during the reign of ___. Queen Victoria
With the availability of ___ during WWII and the marketing of ___ in 1960, the US entered the sexual revolution penicillin; birth control and IUD
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The manner in which society shapes behaviors and attitudes is called __. Socialization
There is no other socializing agent with as much impact on youth's sexual attitudes and behaviors as ___. Media
Many advertisements provide little product information, but instead use sex to sell products in a process called __. Identification
The media in ___ show more nudity than in the US Europe
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___ emphasized the sexuality of all people, including children Freud
___ published seven volumes about the psychology of sex Ellis
The first large scale surveys were done by ___ in the 1940s and 1950s. Alfred Kinsey
___ published their physiological investigations of sexual behavior in 1966. Masters and Johnson
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TRUE OR FALSE
The Old Testament presents positive view of sex in marriage True
Because of AIDs, all states now require that public schools offer education about sexually transmitted infections False
Half of all Americans will get one sexually transmitted disease in their lifetime True
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Kinsey's surveys are a good example of the use of random sampling techniques true
Starting in the late 1990s, there has been a decline in the percentage of teenagers engaging in sexual intercourse True
According to historian Phillippe Aries, the idea of childhood did not exist in medieval society True
School-based sex education is a socializing event True
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In a controlled experiment, teens who had just watched TV with a lot of sexual content gave more negative ratings to casual sex False
Sigmund Freud A Victorian-era physician who emphasized the sexuality of children and adults
Saint Augustine viewed sex for procreation as an unpleasant necessity and equated guilt with sexual desire
Masters and Johnson conducted the first large-scale physiological study of human sexual behavior
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ancient Greeks believed in an ascetic philosophy: wisdom and virtue come from denying physical pleasures
Alfred Kinsey conducted first large-scale survey of American sexual attitudes and behaviors
The first major influence on Christian sexual values; regarded bodily pleasures as evil Saint Paul
Victorian-era sex researcher with a tolerant attitude about sexuality Henry Havelock Ellis
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Held antisexual attitudes that were reinforced by the mistaken medical believes of that time Victorians
headed a recent survey of nationally representative sample of adults living in households Edward Laumann
Anthropologists believe the most sexually repressed society is Inis Baeg
four important influences leading to sexual revolution more free time, penicillin/antibiotics, birth control, mobility
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believed intellectual love could lead to immortality Plato
dualism separated body and soul
victorian physicians called nocturnal emissions ___ because they believed they were caused by gonorrhea spermtorrhea
National Health and Social Life Survey defined sex or had sex as __. any mutually voluntary activity with another person that involves genital contact
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___ has been called the most powerful storyteller in American culture television
women's genitalia vulva
vulva includes ___, ____, ___, ____, ____, and _____. mons veneris labia majora labia minora clitoris vaginal opening urethral opening
The ___ and ___ become covered in hair during puberty. mons veneris and outer surfaces of the labia majora
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the ___ has no known function except to focus pleasurable sensations clitoris
the clitoris is the most similar in structure to the man's ___. penis
the ___ meet at the top to form the clitoral hood. labia minora
the area between the labia minora is called the ___. vestibular area
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sexually inexperienced women have a thin membrane, called the ___ that partially covers the vagina opening hymen
One in ___ women will get breast cancer sometime in their lifetime eight
A woman's internal reproductive system includes the ___, ___, ___, and ___. vagina uterus Fallopian tubes ovaries
The ___ is a depository for sperm, the birth canal, and the exit route for menstrual fluids. Vagina
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The walls of the inner two thirds of the __ are relatively insensitive to touch. vagina
About 10% of all women have an area of heightened sensitivity on the front wall called the __. Grafenberg (G) Spot
When a mature ovum (egg) is released from an ___, it is picked up by a ___, which transports it to the __. ovary Fallopian tube uterus
If fertilized by the sperm, the egg usually implants in the __ of the uterus. endometrium
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women should have an annual pelvic exam and pap smear to test for ___ cancer of the cervix
men's external anatomy consists of the penis and the __, which contains the ___. scrotum testicles
erection of the penis occurs when the two ___ and the ___ becomes engorged with blood corpora cavernosa corpus spongiosum
The rounded end of the penis, called the ___, is covered by the __ unless it was cut off in a _____. glans foreskin circumcision
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Men's internal reproductive system includes the __ and a four part duct system. testicles
___ produce sperm and the male hormone ___. testicles testosterone
Four part duct system consists of: epididymis vas deferens ejaculatory ducts urethra
During an ejaculation, sperm are mixed with fluids from the ___ and ___ to form ___ prostrate gland seminal vesicles semen
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A small amount of fluid is released by the ___ before a man reaches orgasm Cowper's glands
Cancer of the ___ is the most common type of cancer in men age 20 to 35 testicles
The most common type of cancer to men (other than skin cancer) is cancer of the __. prostate gland
TRUE OR FALSE: The testicles in adult men normally produce millions of new sperm each day True
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it is normal for one testicle to hang lower in the scrotum than the other True
Sperm can only be produced in an environment that is several degrees lower than normal body temperature True
Most doctors routinely check for STIs when they perform pelvic exams False
Most women have a G Spot False
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The American Cancer Society advises women to start having mammograms starting at age 40 True
the ovaries produce hundreds of new eggs each month during a woman's reproductive years. false
the American Academy of Pediatrics presently favors routine circumcision. false
the use of feminine hygiene sprays and douches is recommended false
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there is no direct physical pathway between the ovaries and Fallopian tubes True
the labia majora are hairless and meet at the top to form the clitoral hood false
deep, pleasurable vaginal sensations during intercourse are due to sensitive vaginal walls false
erections in men are due in part to a bone that protrudes into the penis false
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the hymen is a good indicator of whether or not a woman has had sexual intercourse false
a woman's sexual responsiveness is related to breast size false
hypothalamus area of the brain important for sexual functioning
areola darkened area around the nipple
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mons veneris soft layer of fatty tissue overlaying the pubic bone
perineum hairless area of skin between vaginal opening and anus
introitus term used to refer to the vaginal opening
corpora cavernosa two spongy cylinders in the penis
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bulbacavernosus muscle ring of sphincter muscles that surround the vaginal opening and the root of the penis
corona raised ridge where the glans and shaft of penis meet
fimbria tiny fingerlike endings of the Fallopian tubes
glans smooth rounded end of the penis
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Bartholin's glands two glands located at the base of the labia minora
smegma cheesy substance secreted by glands in the foreskin and clitoral hood
pubococcygeus muscle large muscle that surrounds the vagina and the bladder
vestibular bulbs structures located on both sides of the vaginal opening that become engorged with blood during sexual arousal
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spermatic cord tubelike structure that suspends the testicles in the scrotum
pituitary gland located at the base of the brain
all men over the age of 50 should have an annual exam to check for __ cancer prostate
in women, the two outer elongated folds of skin that extend from the mons to the perineum are ___ labia majora
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in men, an erection results from the spongy tissues of the penis becoming engorged with __. blood
when a man becomes sexually aroused, a few drops of clear flid produced by the ___ gland appear at the tip of the penis Cowper's
breast size in women is determined by the ___. amount of fatty tissue
the best time for most women to examine their breasts for bumps is ___ just after menstration
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after sperm travel through the vas deferens, they enter the paired ____. ejaculatory ducts
most of the fluid in an ejaculation comes form the ____. seminal vesicles
the best time for a man to examine his testicles for abnormal bumps is __ after a warm bath or shower
2 glands that secrete small amounts of alkaline fluid into ducts at base of the labia minora Bartholin's Glands
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sperm are produced in the ___ of the testicles Seminiferous tubules
both the penis and the ___ have corpora cavernosa clitoris
the muscle surrounding the vagina and bladder is called the ___. pubococcygeus (PC)
in women who have a G-spot, it is located on the __ wall of the vagina front
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the pituitary hormone that causes production of milk is __. prolactin
Hormones are chemical substances that are released into the blood system by ductless ___ systems endocrine
the testicles produce the male hormone ___ and the ovaries produce female hormones ___ and ___. testosterone estrogen progesterone
hormones from the ___ cause the ovaries and testicles to produce their hormones putuitary
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in adult women, an egg matures on an average of every __ days. 28
the pituitary hormone that starts the menstrual cycle is called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
this hormone stimulates the development of a __ in the ovary follicle
the preovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle is also called the __ phase follicular
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estrogen from follicle promotes growth of the ___, inhibits release of __, and stimulates release of ___. endometrium follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) luteinizing hormone (LH)
the __ surge signals the onset of ovulation luteinizing hormone (LH)
ovulation is the time the ovum is expelled into the ____ and picked up by a ___. abdominal cavity Fallopian tube
postovulatory phase is also called ___ luteal (or secretory) phase
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the __ secretes progesterone in large amounts corpus luteum
If the egg is fertilized, it implants in the __. endometrium
if the egg is not fertilized, the corpus luteum degenerates and the __ is sloughed off endometrium
sloughing off of endometrium is called menstration
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large majority of women have cycles that vary in length by ___ days 8
in most species, these events are called the __ cycle estrus
most species of females are only sexually receptive during ___. ovulation
some cultures have menstrual ___ to prohibit contact with a menstruating woman taboos
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menstrual discharge consists of __, __, and __. sloughed off endometrial tissue cervical mucus blood
in men, FSH stimulates ___, while LH stimulates the production of ___. sperm production testosterone
misuse of anabolic steroids, derivatives of testosterone, can cause serious effects such as high blood pressure, liver/prostate/breast tumors, impaired reproductive function, masculinization in women, emotional or psychological problems
the absence of menstruation amenorrhea
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emotional and/or physical changes taking place ___ days before menstruation is called __ 3-14 PMS
what distinguishes PMS from other emotional states is that it ends ___. with the start of menstruation
the major cause of __, painful menstruation, is an overproduction of ___ dysmenorrhea prostaglandins
endometriosis refers to a condition in which ___. endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus
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women who don't change tampons often enough are at risk for __. Toxic Shock Syndrome
Sexual desire appears to be related to circulating levels of __. testosterone
women's sexual desire is not strongly affected by the hormones __ and ___ estrogen progesterone
the hormone ___ influences sexual desire in women testosterone
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hormones are important for women's sexual desire, but not men's. false
testosterone is found only in men; estrogen is found only in women false
all female mammals have menstrual cycles false
most women's menstrual cycles last 28 days in length false
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it is medically safe for a man to have intercourse with a menstruating woman true
women who use tampons should change them 3-4 times a day true
women show a dramatic increase in sexual desire around time of ovulation false
women produce new eggs throughout their lifetime false
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near the end of the postovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle, there is an LH surge false
there is some evidence suggesting that women's menstrual cycle can be altered by odorless body secretions true
only women can get toxic shock syndrome false
estrogen is the primary hormone responsible for sexual desire in women false
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endocrine system network of ductless glands
testosterone male hormone produced in testicles, ovaries, and adrenal glands
luteinizing hormone pituitary hormone that triggers ovulation in women and production of testosterone in men
estrogen female hormone produce in ovaries, testicles, and adrenal glands
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FSH pituitary hormone that stimulates production of sperm and maturation of the ova
follicular phase preovulatory phase when the pituitary secretes FSH and the follicle secretes estrogen
corpus luteum cells surrounding the ovum that are left behind at ovulation
amenorrhea absence of menstruation
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luteal phase postovulatory phase when the corpus luteum begins to secrete large amounts of progesterone
dysmenorrhea painful cramps during menstration
Mittelschmerz cramps experienced for about a day during ovulation
inhibin substance produced in the ovaries and testicles that inhibits production of FSH
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ovulation rupture of the mature ovum into the abdominal cavity
prostaglandins substances that cause contractions of the uterus
premenstrual syndrome emotional and/or physical changes that precede menstruation
endometriosis endometrial tissue growing outside the uterus
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the gland located at the base of the brain that secretes FSH and LH is the ___ gland pituitory
natural body scents that can affect the behavior of other members of species are called pheromones
each immature ovum is surrounded by other cells within a thin capsule of tissue to form a follicle
the cells that surround the ovum in the follicle remain in the ovary and are called corpus luteum
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if an egg is fertilized and implantation occurs, the corpus leteum is maintained by a hormone from the developing placenta called ___ human chronionic gonadotropin (HCG)
the hypothalamic hormone that causes release of FSH and LH from the pituitary is called __. gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
in the female hormone feedback loop, LH production is suppressed by progesterone
in the male feedback loop, LH production is suppressed by __ testosterone
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in the male feedback loop, FSH production is suppressed by inhibin
the pituitary hormone associated with milk release, labor and orgasmic contractions, and romantic attraction is __. oxytocin
__ observed and recorded physiological responses from hundreds of people engaging in sexual activity Masters and Johnson
4 phases of sexual response cycle: 1. excitement 2. plateau 3. orgasm 4. resolution
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__ sometimes included as first phase desire
first physiological response in the excitement phase for both men and women is a __ response vasocongestive response
excitement results in ___ in men and __ in women erection lubrication
physiological arousal in women does not correlate well with ___, which depends on relationship subjective arousal
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during the __ phase in women, the tissues of the outer third of the vagina become swollen with blood plateau
orgasmic platform when vaginal opening becomes narrow
during this phase, the clitoris __. pulls back
sex tension flush rash on skin
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both men and women have ___ during orgasm in specific tissues that occur every .8 second rhythmic muscle contractions
real essence of an orgasm is in ___ the brain
two stages of men's orgasms emmission expulsion
expulsion of semen from penis is called ejaculation
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refractory period time when responses dip below plateau after orgasm
multiple orgasms when two or more orgams occur in quick succession without dropping below the plateau level
resolution return to unaroused state
Freud believed there were 2 types of orgasms in women: clitoral vaginal
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G-spot sensitive area on front wall of vagina
stimulation of g-spot sometimes resulted in ___ during orgasm emission of fluid
T/F: the first physiological signs of arousal takes men seconds; takes minutes for women false
many women do not separate desire from excitement (arousal) true
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vaginal lubrication is actually superfiltered blood plasma true
the presence of vaginal lubrication means that a woman is ready for sexual intercourse false
both men and women can experience nipple erection during excitement phase true
when clitoris disappears beneath the clitoral hood, it means that a woman is less aroused false
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secretion of fluids from vaginal walls may slow down if plateau phase is prolonged true
generally, descriptions of orgasms from women are distinguishable from men false
orgasm and ejaculation occur at the same time in men and are the same event false
the rhythmic muscular contractions during orgasm are not related to a person's pleasure true
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a full orgasm for men with ejaculation is almost always followed by refractory period true
some people who have suffered severe spinal injuries can experience orgasm true
the penis length is an important factor during intercourse false
there is more variation in penis length in the unaroused state than in the erect state true
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alcohol excites the central nervous system and enhances sexual performance false
regular long-term use of marijuana can lower testosterone levels and decrease sperm true
a man's penis size is related to race, height, and weight false
regular use of cocaine often leads to erectile problems and difficulties reaching orgasm true
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there is a strong relationship between vaginal vasocongestion and a women's sense of arousal false
desire specific sensations cause the individual to seek out, or become receptive to, sexual experiences
excitement phase penis starts to become erect vaginal lubrication begins nipples become erect clitoris is most prominent scrotum thickens and helps pull testicles toward body walls of the two inner thirds of the vagina begin to balloon out
plateau phase Cowper's glands secrete a few drops of clear fluid labia minora become engorged with blood clitoris pulls back against pubic bone sex-tension flush appears outer third of the vagina becomes engorged with blood nipples appear less erect testicles increase in size by 50% to 100%
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orgasm phase rhythmic muscular contractions occur in outer vagina, uterus, and anal sphincter muscles rhythmic muscular contractions occur in vas deferens, prostrate gland, urethra, and anal sphincter muscles in men, a fluid is emitted from urethra
resolution phase blood drains from breasts, outer thrid of the vagina, labia minora, and clitoris blood drains from penis and testicles return to the unaroused state
vasocongestive response penis starts to become erect labia minora become engorged with blood vaginal lubrication begins sex-tension flush appears clitoris is most prominent outer third of vagina becomes engorged with blood testicles increase in size by 50% to 100%
tissues become filled with blood during sexual arousal is called vasocongestion
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some women emit a fluid during orgasm that comes from the ___ urethra
most women and many men get a skin rash called the __ when they become highly aroused sex tension flush
the engorgement and swelling of the outer third of the vagina was named the __ orgasmic platform
a sensitive area that is found on the front wall of the vagina in about 10% of women is the _ G-Spot
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after ejaculating, most men have a ___ period during which it is impossible to have an orgasm refractory period
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 Most young people turn to ___ and ___ for information about sex.1 - peers
2 - media
 Surveys indicate that ____% of Americans favor sexuality education in school85
 sex is only a part of __, which encompasses all of the sexual attitudes, feelings, and behaviors associated with being humansexuality
 the idea that the primary purpose of sex is for procreation originally came fromearly Hebrews
 The early ___ affirmed the procreational purpose of sex, but completely denied pleasurable aspectsChristians
 The biggest proponent of this view within Christianity was ___.St. Augustine
 In Western culture, negative attitudes about sex reached their zenith during the reign of ___.Queen Victoria
 With the availability of ___ during WWII and the marketing of ___ in 1960, the US entered the sexual revolutionpenicillin; birth control and IUD
 The manner in which society shapes behaviors and attitudes is called __.Socialization
 There is no other socializing agent with as much impact on youth's sexual attitudes and behaviors as ___.Media
 Many advertisements provide little product information, but instead use sex to sell products in a process called __.Identification
 The media in ___ show more nudity than in the USEurope
 ___ emphasized the sexuality of all people, including childrenFreud
 ___ published seven volumes about the psychology of sexEllis
 The first large scale surveys were done by ___ in the 1940s and 1950s.Alfred Kinsey
 ___ published their physiological investigations of sexual behavior in 1966.Masters and Johnson
 TRUE OR FALSE 
 The Old Testament presents positive view of sex in marriageTrue
 Because of AIDs, all states now require that public schools offer education about sexually transmitted infectionsFalse
 Half of all Americans will get one sexually transmitted disease in their lifetimeTrue
 Kinsey's surveys are a good example of the use of random sampling techniquestrue
 Starting in the late 1990s, there has been a decline in the percentage of teenagers engaging in sexual intercourseTrue
 According to historian Phillippe Aries, the idea of childhood did not exist in medieval society True
 School-based sex education is a socializing eventTrue
 In a controlled experiment, teens who had just watched TV with a lot of sexual content gave more negative ratings to casual sexFalse
 Sigmund FreudA Victorian-era physician who emphasized the sexuality of children and adults
 Saint Augustineviewed sex for procreation as an unpleasant necessity and equated guilt with sexual desire
 Masters and Johnsonconducted the first large-scale physiological study of human sexual behavior
 ancient Greeksbelieved in an ascetic philosophy: wisdom and virtue come from denying physical pleasures
 Alfred Kinseyconducted first large-scale survey of American sexual attitudes and behaviors
 The first major influence on Christian sexual values; regarded bodily pleasures as evilSaint Paul
 Victorian-era sex researcher with a tolerant attitude about sexuality Henry Havelock Ellis
 Held antisexual attitudes that were reinforced by the mistaken medical believes of that timeVictorians
 headed a recent survey of nationally representative sample of adults living in householdsEdward Laumann
 Anthropologists believe the most sexually repressed society is Inis Baeg
 four important influences leading to sexual revolutionmore free time, penicillin/antibiotics, birth control, mobility
 believed intellectual love could lead to immortalityPlato
 dualismseparated body and soul
 victorian physicians called nocturnal emissions ___ because they believed they were caused by gonorrheaspermtorrhea
 National Health and Social Life Survey defined sex or had sex as __.any mutually voluntary activity with another person that involves genital contact
 ___ has been called the most powerful storyteller in American culturetelevision
 women's genitalia vulva
 vulva includes ___, ____, ___, ____, ____, and _____.mons veneris
labia majora
labia minora
clitoris
vaginal opening
urethral opening
 The ___ and ___ become covered in hair during puberty.mons veneris and outer surfaces of the labia majora
 the ___ has no known function except to focus pleasurable sensationsclitoris
 the clitoris is the most similar in structure to the man's ___.penis
 the ___ meet at the top to form the clitoral hood.labia minora
 the area between the labia minora is called the ___.vestibular area
 sexually inexperienced women have a thin membrane, called the ___ that partially covers the vagina openinghymen
 One in ___ women will get breast cancer sometime in their lifetimeeight
 A woman's internal reproductive system includes the ___, ___, ___, and ___.vagina
uterus
Fallopian tubes
ovaries
 The ___ is a depository for sperm, the birth canal, and the exit route for menstrual fluids.Vagina
 The walls of the inner two thirds of the __ are relatively insensitive to touch.vagina
 About 10% of all women have an area of heightened sensitivity on the front wall called the __.Grafenberg (G) Spot
 When a mature ovum (egg) is released from an ___, it is picked up by a ___, which transports it to the __.ovary
Fallopian tube
uterus
 If fertilized by the sperm, the egg usually implants in the __ of the uterus.endometrium
 women should have an annual pelvic exam and pap smear to test for ___cancer of the cervix
 men's external anatomy consists of the penis and the __, which contains the ___.scrotum
testicles
 erection of the penis occurs when the two ___ and the ___ becomes engorged with bloodcorpora cavernosa
corpus spongiosum
 The rounded end of the penis, called the ___, is covered by the __ unless it was cut off in a _____.glans
foreskin
circumcision
 Men's internal reproductive system includes the __ and a four part duct system.testicles
 ___ produce sperm and the male hormone ___.testicles
testosterone
 Four part duct system consists of:epididymis
vas deferens
ejaculatory ducts
urethra
 During an ejaculation, sperm are mixed with fluids from the ___ and ___ to form ___prostrate gland
seminal vesicles
semen
 A small amount of fluid is released by the ___ before a man reaches orgasmCowper's glands
 Cancer of the ___ is the most common type of cancer in men age 20 to 35testicles
 The most common type of cancer to men (other than skin cancer) is cancer of the __.prostate gland
 TRUE OR FALSE: The testicles in adult men normally produce millions of new sperm each dayTrue
 it is normal for one testicle to hang lower in the scrotum than the otherTrue
 Sperm can only be produced in an environment that is several degrees lower than normal body temperatureTrue
 Most doctors routinely check for STIs when they perform pelvic examsFalse
 Most women have a G SpotFalse
 The American Cancer Society advises women to start having mammograms starting at age 40True
 the ovaries produce hundreds of new eggs each month during a woman's reproductive years.false
 the American Academy of Pediatrics presently favors routine circumcision. false
 the use of feminine hygiene sprays and douches is recommended false
 there is no direct physical pathway between the ovaries and Fallopian tubesTrue
 the labia majora are hairless and meet at the top to form the clitoral hoodfalse
 deep, pleasurable vaginal sensations during intercourse are due to sensitive vaginal wallsfalse
 erections in men are due in part to a bone that protrudes into the penisfalse
 the hymen is a good indicator of whether or not a woman has had sexual intercoursefalse
 a woman's sexual responsiveness is related to breast sizefalse
 hypothalamusarea of the brain important for sexual functioning
 areoladarkened area around the nipple
 mons venerissoft layer of fatty tissue overlaying the pubic bone
 perineumhairless area of skin between vaginal opening and anus
 introitusterm used to refer to the vaginal opening
 corpora cavernosatwo spongy cylinders in the penis
 bulbacavernosus musclering of sphincter muscles that surround the vaginal opening and the root of the penis
 coronaraised ridge where the glans and shaft of penis meet
 fimbriatiny fingerlike endings of the Fallopian tubes
 glanssmooth rounded end of the penis
 Bartholin's glandstwo glands located at the base of the labia minora
 smegmacheesy substance secreted by glands in the foreskin and clitoral hood
 pubococcygeus musclelarge muscle that surrounds the vagina and the bladder
 vestibular bulbsstructures located on both sides of the vaginal opening that become engorged with blood during sexual arousal
 spermatic cordtubelike structure that suspends the testicles in the scrotum
 pituitary gland located at the base of the brain
 all men over the age of 50 should have an annual exam to check for __ cancerprostate
 in women, the two outer elongated folds of skin that extend from the mons to the perineum are ___labia majora
 in men, an erection results from the spongy tissues of the penis becoming engorged with __.blood
 when a man becomes sexually aroused, a few drops of clear flid produced by the ___ gland appear at the tip of the penisCowper's
 breast size in women is determined by the ___.amount of fatty tissue
 the best time for most women to examine their breasts for bumps is ___just after menstration
 after sperm travel through the vas deferens, they enter the paired ____.ejaculatory ducts
 most of the fluid in an ejaculation comes form the ____. seminal vesicles
 the best time for a man to examine his testicles for abnormal bumps is __after a warm bath or shower
 2 glands that secrete small amounts of alkaline fluid into ducts at base of the labia minoraBartholin's Glands
 sperm are produced in the ___ of the testiclesSeminiferous tubules
 both the penis and the ___ have corpora cavernosaclitoris
 the muscle surrounding the vagina and bladder is called the ___. pubococcygeus (PC)
 in women who have a G-spot, it is located on the __ wall of the vaginafront
 the pituitary hormone that causes production of milk is __.prolactin
 Hormones are chemical substances that are released into the blood system by ductless ___ systemsendocrine
 the testicles produce the male hormone ___ and the ovaries produce female hormones ___ and ___.testosterone
estrogen
progesterone
 hormones from the ___ cause the ovaries and testicles to produce their hormonesputuitary
 in adult women, an egg matures on an average of every __ days.28
 the pituitary hormone that starts the menstrual cycle is called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
 this hormone stimulates the development of a __ in the ovaryfollicle
 the preovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle is also called the __ phasefollicular
 estrogen from follicle promotes growth of the ___, inhibits release of __, and stimulates release of ___. endometrium
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
luteinizing hormone (LH)
 the __ surge signals the onset of ovulationluteinizing hormone (LH)
 ovulation is the time the ovum is expelled into the ____ and picked up by a ___. abdominal cavity
Fallopian tube
 postovulatory phase is also called ___luteal (or secretory) phase
 the __ secretes progesterone in large amountscorpus luteum
 If the egg is fertilized, it implants in the __.endometrium
 if the egg is not fertilized, the corpus luteum degenerates and the __ is sloughed offendometrium
 sloughing off of endometrium is calledmenstration
 large majority of women have cycles that vary in length by ___ days8
 in most species, these events are called the __ cycleestrus
 most species of females are only sexually receptive during ___. ovulation
 some cultures have menstrual ___ to prohibit contact with a menstruating womantaboos
 menstrual discharge consists of __, __, and __.sloughed off endometrial tissue
cervical mucus
blood
 in men, FSH stimulates ___, while LH stimulates the production of ___.sperm production
testosterone
 misuse of anabolic steroids, derivatives of testosterone, can cause serious effects such ashigh blood pressure, liver/prostate/breast tumors, impaired reproductive function, masculinization in women, emotional or psychological problems
 the absence of menstruationamenorrhea
 emotional and/or physical changes taking place ___ days before menstruation is called __3-14
PMS
 what distinguishes PMS from other emotional states is that it ends ___.with the start of menstruation
 the major cause of __, painful menstruation, is an overproduction of ___dysmenorrhea
prostaglandins
 endometriosis refers to a condition in which ___.endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus
 women who don't change tampons often enough are at risk for __.Toxic Shock Syndrome
 Sexual desire appears to be related to circulating levels of __.testosterone
 women's sexual desire is not strongly affected by the hormones __ and ___estrogen
progesterone
 the hormone ___ influences sexual desire in womentestosterone
 hormones are important for women's sexual desire, but not men's.false
 testosterone is found only in men; estrogen is found only in womenfalse
 all female mammals have menstrual cyclesfalse
 most women's menstrual cycles last 28 days in lengthfalse
 it is medically safe for a man to have intercourse with a menstruating womantrue
 women who use tampons should change them 3-4 times a daytrue
 women show a dramatic increase in sexual desire around time of ovulationfalse
 women produce new eggs throughout their lifetimefalse
 near the end of the postovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle, there is an LH surgefalse
 there is some evidence suggesting that women's menstrual cycle can be altered by odorless body secretionstrue
 only women can get toxic shock syndromefalse
 estrogen is the primary hormone responsible for sexual desire in womenfalse
 endocrine systemnetwork of ductless glands
 testosteronemale hormone produced in testicles, ovaries, and adrenal glands
 luteinizing hormonepituitary hormone that triggers ovulation in women and production of testosterone in men
 estrogenfemale hormone produce in ovaries, testicles, and adrenal glands
 FSHpituitary hormone that stimulates production of sperm and maturation of the ova
 follicular phasepreovulatory phase when the pituitary secretes FSH and the follicle secretes estrogen
 corpus luteumcells surrounding the ovum that are left behind at ovulation
 amenorrheaabsence of menstruation
 luteal phasepostovulatory phase when the corpus luteum begins to secrete large amounts of progesterone
 dysmenorrheapainful cramps during menstration
 Mittelschmerzcramps experienced for about a day during ovulation
 inhibinsubstance produced in the ovaries and testicles that inhibits production of FSH
 ovulationrupture of the mature ovum into the abdominal cavity
 prostaglandinssubstances that cause contractions of the uterus
 premenstrual syndromeemotional and/or physical changes that precede menstruation
 endometriosisendometrial tissue growing outside the uterus
 the gland located at the base of the brain that secretes FSH and LH is the ___ glandpituitory
 natural body scents that can affect the behavior of other members of species are calledpheromones
 each immature ovum is surrounded by other cells within a thin capsule of tissue to form afollicle
 the cells that surround the ovum in the follicle remain in the ovary and are calledcorpus luteum
 if an egg is fertilized and implantation occurs, the corpus leteum is maintained by a hormone from the developing placenta called ___human chronionic gonadotropin (HCG)
 the hypothalamic hormone that causes release of FSH and LH from the pituitary is called __.gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
 in the female hormone feedback loop, LH production is suppressed by progesterone
 in the male feedback loop, LH production is suppressed by __testosterone
 in the male feedback loop, FSH production is suppressed by inhibin
 the pituitary hormone associated with milk release, labor and orgasmic contractions, and romantic attraction is __.oxytocin
 __ observed and recorded physiological responses from hundreds of people engaging in sexual activityMasters and Johnson
 4 phases of sexual response cycle:1. excitement
2. plateau
3. orgasm
4. resolution
 __ sometimes included as first phasedesire
 first physiological response in the excitement phase for both men and women is a __ responsevasocongestive response
 excitement results in ___ in men and __ in womenerection
lubrication
 physiological arousal in women does not correlate well with ___, which depends on relationshipsubjective arousal
 during the __ phase in women, the tissues of the outer third of the vagina become swollen with bloodplateau
 orgasmic platformwhen vaginal opening becomes narrow
 during this phase, the clitoris __.pulls back
 sex tension flushrash on skin
 both men and women have ___ during orgasm in specific tissues that occur every .8 secondrhythmic muscle contractions
 real essence of an orgasm is in ___the brain
 two stages of men's orgasmsemmission
expulsion
 expulsion of semen from penis is calledejaculation
 refractory periodtime when responses dip below plateau after orgasm
 multiple orgasmswhen two or more orgams occur in quick succession without dropping below the plateau level
 resolutionreturn to unaroused state
 Freud believed there were 2 types of orgasms in women:clitoral
vaginal
 G-spotsensitive area on front wall of vagina
 stimulation of g-spot sometimes resulted in ___ during orgasmemission of fluid
 T/F: the first physiological signs of arousal takes men seconds; takes minutes for womenfalse
 many women do not separate desire from excitement (arousal)true
 vaginal lubrication is actually superfiltered blood plasmatrue
 the presence of vaginal lubrication means that a woman is ready for sexual intercoursefalse
 both men and women can experience nipple erection during excitement phasetrue
 when clitoris disappears beneath the clitoral hood, it means that a woman is less arousedfalse
 secretion of fluids from vaginal walls may slow down if plateau phase is prolongedtrue
 generally, descriptions of orgasms from women are distinguishable from menfalse
 orgasm and ejaculation occur at the same time in men and are the same eventfalse
 the rhythmic muscular contractions during orgasm are not related to a person's pleasuretrue
 a full orgasm for men with ejaculation is almost always followed by refractory periodtrue
 some people who have suffered severe spinal injuries can experience orgasmtrue
 the penis length is an important factor during intercoursefalse
 there is more variation in penis length in the unaroused state than in the erect statetrue
 alcohol excites the central nervous system and enhances sexual performancefalse
 regular long-term use of marijuana can lower testosterone levels and decrease spermtrue
 a man's penis size is related to race, height, and weightfalse
 regular use of cocaine often leads to erectile problems and difficulties reaching orgasmtrue
 there is a strong relationship between vaginal vasocongestion and a women's sense of arousalfalse
 desirespecific sensations cause the individual to seek out, or become receptive to, sexual experiences
 excitement phasepenis starts to become erect
vaginal lubrication begins
nipples become erect
clitoris is most prominent
scrotum thickens and helps pull testicles toward body
walls of the two inner thirds of the vagina begin to balloon out
 plateau phaseCowper's glands secrete a few drops of clear fluid
labia minora become engorged with blood
clitoris pulls back against pubic bone
sex-tension flush appears
outer third of the vagina becomes engorged with blood
nipples appear less erect
testicles increase in size by 50% to 100%
 orgasm phaserhythmic muscular contractions occur in outer vagina, uterus, and anal sphincter muscles
rhythmic muscular contractions occur in vas deferens, prostrate gland, urethra, and anal sphincter muscles
in men, a fluid is emitted from urethra
 resolution phaseblood drains from breasts, outer thrid of the vagina, labia minora, and clitoris
blood drains from penis and testicles
return to the unaroused state
 vasocongestive responsepenis starts to become erect
labia minora become engorged with blood
vaginal lubrication begins
sex-tension flush appears
clitoris is most prominent
outer third of vagina becomes engorged with blood
testicles increase in size by 50% to 100%
 tissues become filled with blood during sexual arousal is calledvasocongestion
 some women emit a fluid during orgasm that comes from the ___urethra
 most women and many men get a skin rash called the __ when they become highly arousedsex tension flush
 the engorgement and swelling of the outer third of the vagina was named the __orgasmic platform
 a sensitive area that is found on the front wall of the vagina in about 10% of women is the _G-Spot
 after ejaculating, most men have a ___ period during which it is impossible to have an orgasmrefractory period
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