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Final- SG (Christianity) - Flashcards

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Class:RSTD 212 - Religions of the West
Subject:Religious Studies
University:Christopher Newport University
Term:Fall 2009
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Orthodoxy vs Orthopraxy Orthodoxy stresses beleif. For Orthodox religions, correct beleif is the central point of the religion. Creeds (from Latin "Credo"- statement of beleif) over deeds Orthopraxy stresses practice. For Orthoprax religions, good deeds are the central point. Deeds over creeds.
Christos Greek for Christ, the messiah of Christianity. Refers to God incarnate- "God-Man"
Jesus Messiah for Christians; Christ.
"Radical Ethic" Egalitarian concept that is a fundemental aspect of Christianity. Stresses caring for all people, especially less fortunate. This includes sick, poor, elderly, etc.
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Parables Symbolic, simple stories used to teach a lesson or a moral, which is not explicit but hidden; must be thought about. Jesus used parables to teach his followers; ex: "Good Samaritan"
Crucifixion Roman (not Jewish) method of punishment for political threats to the Roman emipre. This marks Jesus as a threat to Roman rule.
Paul First real Christian Theologian. He was originally "Saul", a pharasy opposed to the Christian movement, but had a conversion experience which caused him to go blind. Afterwhich he adopted the name Paul. He is known for his writings in the Bible, as well as preaching to non-jews about Jesus, opening up the new movement and helping it spread and growing its foundations as its own religion seperate from Judaism.
Ichtus Secret symbol for Christians during their time of persecution. It is an acronym for "Jesus Christ Son of God". It manifests in a simple symbol of a fish.
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Constantine Roman ruler who experienced a conversion experience during battle where "under this banner, you shall conquer". Symbol was XP for "Christos". Took up cross on shields, and converted ending the empire-wide persection of Christians (Edict of Milan).
Edict of Milan Legislation under the ruler Constantine after his conversion experience which declared Christians equal rights under Roman Rule and ended the persecution in 313 CE.
Nicene Creed The most recognized declaration of beleifs in Christianity. Came out of the Council of Nicea in 325 CE where a large council of Christian Scholars and Bishops met to clear dissentions within the early church to create a unified and official canon for the new religion.
Eremos An early Christian movement within the early church. "Hermit" meaning, it is a communal and solitary lifestyle isolated from the majority of society. This evolved into the beginnings of the monastic lifestyle.
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Eucharist Sacrament of thanks. Re-enactment of the last supper, began with the early church and remains a sacrament in christianity today.
Baptism Sacrament of ritual purification. Began with the old church but still exists today. The purpose is to wash away sins and is typically performed during infancy.
Augustine One of the most important theologians in Christianity. He was originally pagean and lived a "colorful" life. After a conversion experience, he dedicated his life to Christianity, and rose quickly in the ranks to an important bishop. He is the author of "City of God"
City of God Book written by Augustine. It influenced western politics, as a view of history from a Christian perspective. The book emphasizes a distinction between an earthly city and a heavenly city, in which the earthly city looks up to the heavenly.
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"Original Sin" Concept of the human situation. Humans are incurably sinful as a part of their original disposition, and their only hope is the mercy of God who offers salvation to only a few who he chooses.
Role of Relics Especially in Catholocism, there is magic within relics. They are often dedicated to saints and are still important today. Many are still held in the Vatican, such as bones of saints and wood from the cross.
Eastern Orthodoxy vs. Western Catholicism Major schism in Christianity over the issue of the pope. The Roman Pope and the Pope of Constantinople ecommunicated eachother. The Major differences are: E.O.- greek language, mystical doctrine, decentralized authority, non realistic icons for devotion, and preists can marry. The religion is very conservative. W.C.- latin language, pragmatic doctrine, centralized authority with rigid heirarchy, realistic statues for devotion, and celebate preists.
The Papacy The Pope in the vatican, essentially the leader of Christianity.
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Crusades Christian Holy Wars in from the 11th-13th centuries against Islamic nations and peoples. The Christian Church viewed Islam as a threat. In 1095, when the Pope declared war, Turkey took Jerusalem, and then Christians took Jerusalem back. This was the most successful crusade. The crusades are important for introducing Greek learning to the west.
Aquinas Medeival Christian thinker who lived from 1225-1274. He wrote Magna Opus which outlined Catholicism. He combined religion with Aristotlean methods to prove reason was not antithetical to faith. However, he said that reason was not enough, because you need revelation to bring salvation.
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 Orthodoxy vs OrthopraxyOrthodoxy stresses beleif. For Orthodox religions, correct beleif is the central point of the religion. Creeds (from Latin "Credo"- statement of beleif) over deeds Orthopraxy stresses practice. For Orthoprax religions, good deeds are the central point. Deeds over creeds.
 ChristosGreek for Christ, the messiah of Christianity. Refers to God incarnate- "God-Man"
 JesusMessiah for Christians; Christ.
 "Radical Ethic"Egalitarian concept that is a fundemental aspect of Christianity. Stresses caring for all people, especially less fortunate. This includes sick, poor, elderly, etc.
 ParablesSymbolic, simple stories used to teach a lesson or a moral, which is not explicit but hidden; must be thought about. Jesus used parables to teach his followers; ex: "Good Samaritan"
 CrucifixionRoman (not Jewish) method of punishment for political threats to the Roman emipre. This marks Jesus as a threat to Roman rule.
 PaulFirst real Christian Theologian. He was originally "Saul", a pharasy opposed to the Christian movement, but had a conversion experience which caused him to go blind. Afterwhich he adopted the name Paul. He is known for his writings in the Bible, as well as preaching to non-jews about Jesus, opening up the new movement and helping it spread and growing its foundations as its own religion seperate from Judaism.
 IchtusSecret symbol for Christians during their time of persecution. It is an acronym for "Jesus Christ Son of God". It manifests in a simple symbol of a fish.
 ConstantineRoman ruler who experienced a conversion experience during battle where "under this banner, you shall conquer". Symbol was XP for "Christos". Took up cross on shields, and converted ending the empire-wide persection of Christians (Edict of Milan).
 Edict of MilanLegislation under the ruler Constantine after his conversion experience which declared Christians equal rights under Roman Rule and ended the persecution in 313 CE.
 Nicene CreedThe most recognized declaration of beleifs in Christianity. Came out of the Council of Nicea in 325 CE where a large council of Christian Scholars and Bishops met to clear dissentions within the early church to create a unified and official canon for the new religion.
 EremosAn early Christian movement within the early church. "Hermit" meaning, it is a communal and solitary lifestyle isolated from the majority of society. This evolved into the beginnings of the monastic lifestyle.
 EucharistSacrament of thanks. Re-enactment of the last supper, began with the early church and remains a sacrament in christianity today.
 BaptismSacrament of ritual purification. Began with the old church but still exists today. The purpose is to wash away sins and is typically performed during infancy.
 AugustineOne of the most important theologians in Christianity. He was originally pagean and lived a "colorful" life. After a conversion experience, he dedicated his life to Christianity, and rose quickly in the ranks to an important bishop. He is the author of "City of God"
 City of GodBook written by Augustine. It influenced western politics, as a view of history from a Christian perspective. The book emphasizes a distinction between an earthly city and a heavenly city, in which the earthly city looks up to the heavenly.
 "Original Sin"Concept of the human situation. Humans are incurably sinful as a part of their original disposition, and their only hope is the mercy of God who offers salvation to only a few who he chooses.
 Role of RelicsEspecially in Catholocism, there is magic within relics. They are often dedicated to saints and are still important today. Many are still held in the Vatican, such as bones of saints and wood from the cross.
 Eastern Orthodoxy vs. Western CatholicismMajor schism in Christianity over the issue of the pope. The Roman Pope and the Pope of Constantinople ecommunicated eachother. The Major differences are: E.O.- greek language, mystical doctrine, decentralized authority, non realistic icons for devotion, and preists can marry. The religion is very conservative. W.C.- latin language, pragmatic doctrine, centralized authority with rigid heirarchy, realistic statues for devotion, and celebate preists.
 The PapacyThe Pope in the vatican, essentially the leader of Christianity.
 CrusadesChristian Holy Wars in from the 11th-13th centuries against Islamic nations and peoples. The Christian Church viewed Islam as a threat. In 1095, when the Pope declared war, Turkey took Jerusalem, and then Christians took Jerusalem back. This was the most successful crusade. The crusades are important for introducing Greek learning to the west.
 AquinasMedeival Christian thinker who lived from 1225-1274. He wrote Magna Opus which outlined Catholicism. He combined religion with Aristotlean methods to prove reason was not antithetical to faith. However, he said that reason was not enough, because you need revelation to bring salvation.
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