Koofers

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Class:SOC 101 - Sociology & Soc Problems & Lab
Subject:Sociology
University:Hope College
Term:Spring 2010
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which type of government was found in hitlers germany and saddam husseind iraq totalitatianism
wat does routinization of charisma mean the transititon of authority from a charismatic leader to traditional authority under his or her followers
people who think alike on a petricular issue and who can be mobilized for political action make up a special intrest group
what is the key factor on which represntitive democracy is based citizenship
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when actor a gets compliance from actor b by appealing to actor b's moral standards this is known as normative power
what are the three sources of authority acording to weber rational legal, traditional, charismatic
what is another term for legitimate power authority
what is the relationship between traditional wuthority and the level of a societys industrialization as the level of industrialization incresses, the level of traditional authoruty decreases.
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in the us what do we call the diffusion of power among many diffrent organizations, so that no one group gains control pluralisim
which of the following is the best description of the economic institution it is a system for producing goods and services
the plow is to the agrcutureal society as the _____ is to post industrial society computer chip
when market forces are able to operate without government interference, it is called ____ capitalism laissez- faire
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what is the primary criticism leveled against capitalism it leads to serve social inequalities
in a few societies men may have more then one wife. this is known as polygyny
sociologically which of the folowing is the most accurate definition of marrige it is a groups approved mating arrangement
of the following examples, which one is the best representative of endogamy some religious groups require their members to marry only within their religion
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When rachel and leah were married to jacob(in the bible), they moved to live with Jacob's family. What form of residential pattern does this represent? patrilocal
Regina lives in a society where the children are considered to be related to the fathers relatives, but not to the mother's relatives. this is an example of a _____ system of descent patrilineal
Becky works full time for a law firm.. At home, she cooks supper, cleans the house and does the wash. The additional work that mothers like Becky do has been called the second shift
Robert Merton distinguished between "manifest" and "latent" functions. Latent functions are notable because
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american families are notoriously precarious. what binds families together? the ideal of "romantic" ties between consenting adults
which of the following variables has the strongest influence on variations found in american family life social class and culture
heather is getting married in the spring and is worried that her chances of getting divorced are extremely likely, given the high divorce rate in the US. on the other hand, what reason can jane use to discount the statistics related to divorce? Overall statistics on divorce have nothing to do with any individiual marriage
what is the primary reason many employers rely on diplomas and degrees as sorting devices to choose employeees employers do not know potential employees
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what were the two major reasons for instituting public education in the US in the 1800s it was to produce more educated workers and "americanize" immigrants.
in the Least Industrialized Countries, who is the most likely to participate in a formal education program beyond the first few grades primarily the wealthy because of the high cost of education in these nations
which of the following is a latent function of US education providing childcare service for working parents
determining which people will enter what occupation is a function of education called gatekeeping
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according to functionalists, why is social placement of students beneficial to society? it ensures that the most capable people fill positions requiring higher intellectual levels.
what is the major criticsm confict theorists make of the hidden curriculum it perpetuates social inequalities
in the US today, one-third of all entering college frosh have a high school GPA of A- or better, twice what it was in 1970. This is an example that teachers have inflated grades
What book by Emile Durkheim identified the central components of all religions? The elementary forms of religious life
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When the priest raises the cup of wine and blesses it, a bell is rung for all present to take notice and give deep awe and respect. Which of the following best describes what has transpired? The wine has taken on sacred status
Durkheim stated that religion is defined by three elements. Which is not one of them? the salvation of souls
Sociologists' primary purpose in studying religion is to study the role that religion plays in people's lives.
What do the nine bloody Crusades to the HOly Land, The burning of witches at the stake in Salem, and the sacrifice of virgins by the Aztecs illustrate about religion? They are all examples of how religion can be dysfunctional
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Rituals are repetitive practices which help to unite people into a moral community.an exmaple of ritual would be praying before meals
the phrase,"religion is the sigh of the oppressed... the opium of the people" is credited to Karl Marx
Religion has often been used to justify denying certain groups- such as homosexuals - civil rights in the US. What would conflict theorists say about this? Religion is used to legitimate social inequality.
The largest single religious denomination in the US, with over 60 million members, is Roman Catholic
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Why is Sunday morning between the hours of ten and eleven called "the most segregated house in the US" People of different races attend church services connected to their race and ethnicity
What is the term used to describe the shifting of focus from spirtiual matters to the affairs of this world? the seculatization of religion
Even though we no longer depend on young people to work in the fields, we continue to have a school calendar which reflects that former life-pattern. Sociologists say this is the result of latent functions
which of the following serves as the best example of how religion has promoted postive social change? The Civil Rights Movement
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C.Wright Mills contends that
The Crescent Moon and the star are to Muslims as ______ is to Jews The Star of David
In the US, for both single mothers and married couples which is the most common source of childcare for mothers who work out of the home? organized day care facilities
The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social prorams to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine known as social Darwinism
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Based on the theories of Karl Marx, What was the ultimate goal of the proletariat? the proletariat sought to develop a classless society free of exploitation
Based on Emile Durkheim's research on suicide, which of the following would be the greatest suicide risk? Herbert, a single Protestant man living in the city
According to Max Weber, what was the "sign" that Calvinists believed God would send them to indicate that they were in divine favor and destined for savation? financial success
Socioogists emphasize the notion that our thinking and motivation are largely determined by influences drawn from our life experiences
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What sociological phrase is used to describe "opening a window onto unfamiliar worlds" and "offering a fresh look at familiar worlds"? the sociological perspective
What are the two components C. Wright Mills identified as being fundamental to the sociological imagination? histor and biography
In the nineteenth century, the British scholar who was a good friend of Charles Darwin and who applied the natural selection model to social experience was Herbert Spencer
How did Karl Marx and Max Weber differ in their theoretical assumptions? Marx believed economics was the central force of social change, but Weber claimed it was religion.
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Who was the first African American to earn a doctoral degree in sociology from Harvard University? W.E.B. DuBois
What is a general statement about how some parts of the world fit together to explain how they work? a theory
Many African Americans feel the flag of the Confederate States of America, the "stars and bars," is a sign of racial hatred. States rights advocates view the same flag as being "heritage, not hatred." Such a difference of opinion over the meaning of the same object is an illustration of which sociological perspective? Symbolic interactionism
Which sociological perspective stresses that society is a whole unit, made up of interrelated parts that work together harmoniously? structural functionalism
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Which socioogical perspective views society as being composed of groups that engage in fierce competition for scarce resources? structural conflict
what term do sociologists use to describe the language, beliefs, norms, values, and material objects shared by members of society? culture
Which of the following is the best representative of "material culture"? the space shuttle
When sociologists use the phrase "the culture within us", what do they mean? Shared and learned ways of believing and doing become taken-for-granted assumptions in our lives
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When we first approach another society, we have a tendency to judge it in light of our own experience. This is know to sociologists and anthropologists as ethnocentrism
Marchall is exploring how the various aspects of the lenape culture - such as their religion, familiy values, and political arrangements - fit together without judging those elements as being inferior to modern, western society. Marshall is practicing cultural relativism
What form of culture is illustrated when we shake our head to the left and right to mean "no" and up and down to mean "yes"?
What are the expectations or rules of behavior which develop out of a group's values? norms
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Mark and Sally went walking in Holland's city park. both of them were wearing nothing above their waists. According to local convention, Mark would be violating a _____ while Sally would be violating a _____. folkway; more
Gerirge has a habit of mixing his peas with his mashed potatoes and then eating them with a butter knife. Which phrase best decribes George's behavior? George is guilty of violating a folkway.
Which term describes a group that has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at the same time has values and norms that refect the dominant culture of society? subculture
The cultural prohibitions against cannibalism and incest are examples of taboos.
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what term describes a society which is made up of many different religious, racial, and ethnic groups? a pluralistic society
we are able to communicate instantly with millions of people around the world through blogs and other Internet means. However, many older Americans are slow to adopt these technologies because they seem impersonal and lack the human touch. This is an example of cultural lag
______ is the term used for the process of internalizing the ways of a particular society. Socialization
Becjy and Grank are studying the nature vs. nurture argument to determine the cause of human behavior. In doing so, which of the following research methods would probably yield the most significant results? a study of identical twins separated at birth
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What effect did two years of intensive language training have on Isabelle, a feral child discovered in Ohio in 1938 Isablle reached an intellectual level normal for her age
What term describes the unique iage we hold of who we are? the self
Charles Horton Cooley uses the term______ to describe the process by which we develop a sense of who we are. looking-glass self
George herbert mead describes the responsive and reflective part of each of us as the "me"
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Tony is five years old. He loves to dress up like the Lone Ranger and pretend to help people in need. According to Mead's theory, which stage best describes Tony's behavior? the play stage
Corinne is 6 years old. She can count to 100, but she is not sure what the numbers actually mean. According to Piaget, in what stage is Corinne functioning? preoperational
Why do sociologists generally object to the Freudian view of psychoanalysis? Sociologists reject the view that inborn and subconscious motivations are the primary reasons for human behavior
The process by which one learns new norms, values, attitudes and behaviors is calld resocialization
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When he was undertaking his graduate research, Erving Goffman worked in a mental hospital which he described in great detail. This setting is known as a total institution
Which sociological perspective uses "microsociology" as its primary level of analysis? symboic interactionism
Behaviors, obligations, and privleges attached to a position one occupies in life are called roles
the primary difference between ascribed status and achieved status is ascribed statuses are given to us while achieved statuses are worked for.
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What is the primary reason for the differences people have in behavior and attitude? one's location in the social structure
Madeleine's position as president of a loval college overshadows her work as a wife, mother, and volunteer for her church. Being college president is Madeleine's master status
Functionalist sociologits use the term "institution" in a unique way. When they reger to a structure as an institution, they think of it as the means that each society developsto meet its basic needs
Historically, the society which ha the most formal, highly structured institutions would be the industrial society
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the issue of gender and social inequality first became a feature of social life during the agricultural society
Hilda is walking with a new friend from Iran. He continues to stand very close to her, making her feel uncomfortable. She repeatedly backs away in order to have at least a fot between them. Hilda is trying to establish a "distance zone" that would be called Hilda's personal distance
According to Erving Goffman, when you talk loudly to a room full of semi-strangers, you are demonstrating front stage behavior
_______ refers to the tendency we all have to control each other's perception of ourselves in public (and private) settings. Impression management
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the smallest and most intensely personal type of social uinit is a primary group
a collection of people who have a common task work closely together but do not necesarily have a personal relationship is an example of a formal group
there are 36 cars backed up at an intersection because of an acident what sociological term best describes the drives of those 36 aggregate
pat a member of dem party 40 years became county chair his experience in the dem party supports which of the following conclusions about primary and sconary groups secondary groups tend to break down in the long run into their primary group parts.
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which set of characteristics is most applicable to decribing secondary groups formal, impersonal, anonymous
which of the following phrases best applies to robert michels "iorn law of oil garchy" the domination of orginaizations by a small self perpetuating elite.
the flying dutch ultimate frisbee team are supposed to play as a team, a small group of bffs practice drills seprately. this is a clique
in his experiment involving the "small world phenomenon" stanley milgram found that society is unconciously liked together by mutal acquaintances
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samantha works in a place that is hierarchical in nature has a division of labor written rules communications and records in which workers treat each other impersonally based on these charicterisics we can conclude samantha works in a bureacracy
max weber recongnized that efficiency and other aspects of formal sturcture have gradually speeded into many aspects of human social life he decribed the process as rationalization of society
which of the following forms of alienation are not pars of marxs critquw of contemporary society allionation from ones family
analysts of formal organizations study several means and ends of the organization job satisfaction and productivity
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antony worked as a sociologist in anthonys view what type of group are " sociology professors" his refrence group
a leader who is especially committed to getting a task done in a group would be termed instramental leader
when members of a group begin to narrow their thoughts and feel that there is only one correct answer to a situation group members are experiencing groupthink
how does the manner in which sociologists apply the term deviant differ from the manner in which members of general public apply the term sociologists use the term diviance non judgementally members of the general public respnd to it negitively
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evering goffman suggested that perception of deviance is more important than actual actions because of the response which it initiates the represents labeling theory
phillip has just returned from the iraq war while there he recieved a purple heart for being wounded in combat this medal is a form of positive sanction
in nabraska a man aranged for marrage of his 13 and 14 daughters to 34 and 28 iraqi men, based on this traditional practice what were the reactions of nebraska and muslims the muslims were unpased bu the event and nebraskans considered it rape
what concept refers to the system of formal and informal means of enforcing norms social control
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which personal characteristic of an individual wouls sociologists be most likely to adress when trying to determine the cause of the individuals deviant behavior their social class
th main idea of control theory is that most peopl have strong desires to be deviant but two systems work against this desire what are the two systems inner and outer controls
based on his famous theory explaining the cause of deviance and crime what would edwind sutherland consider to be the underlying cause of deviance group association
elime durkheim stated several resons why deviance was actually functional for society which of the following was not one of his reasons one deviant act leads to another which increases social solidarity
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based on robert mertons strain theory inner city youth who resot to stealing in order to wwear name brand clothes are practicing which more of adaptaion innovation
what term refers to crimes committed by people of respectable and high social status in the course of their regular occupations white collar crime
the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power property and prestige is called social stratification
traditionally what were the three factors on which slacery was based war debt crime
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what social dimension undelies indias caste system religion
what did karl marx believe was the primary factor that distinguishes between the diffren classes under industrial capitalism relationship to the means of production
if a person had lived during marx time and had been the owner of sawmill marx would have considered that person to be a member of the bourgeoisie
what term did karl marx use to describe the experience when workers mistakenly embraced the explanations that the elite give for the workers second class situation false conciousness
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max weber believed social class is actually based on three components what are they property power prestiege
world systems theory was developed by immanueal wallerstein
which sociologist claimed that the university of stratification can be explained by the nescesity to motivate the most qualified people to fill the most important positions kingsley davis
which statement best summerizes karl marx's predicted outcome reguarding he diffrences between the social classes? workers will revolt when they overcome the false consciousness that binds them
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which statement is most accurate reguarding the changes in income distribution in the united states during since 1980 the rich have grown richer and the poor have grown poorer
in the distribution of income graph that equats a childs block(1 1/2 inch with $500 the average american would be ____ feet off the ground while those with the greatest income would be high as____ eight; mount everest
wha term did c wright mills coin to refer to the collection of people who make the big decisions in the us society the power elite
why do some people in los angeles list their adress as beverly hills but then use the correct os angeles zip code it is a means by which people display prestiege
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jacko is a drug dealer who makes well over a million dollars a year. he lives in a magnificant home and has a squad of other dealers and gang members who support and protect him. in view of thiswhich of the following is the best description of jacko based on middle class standards jocko is status inconsistand because his prestiege score as a drug dealer is not consistent with his rank in property and power
f lloyd warner developed a technique of measuring socia class by asking three prominent members of a community to rank order its citizens. this was known as a reputational model
the upward or downward movement in social class by family members between generations is known as___ mobility intergenerational
the current recesion has meant that millions of people have lost their jobs and changed social class downnward. this pattern represents ____ mobility structural
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what are the two major myths of race certian races are intellectually superior to others and pure races exist
prejudice describes____ while discrimination describes_____ attitudes; behaviors
____ identified "timid bigots" at those who hold negatice attutudes towads others but are too timid to act on those attitudes robert merton
the unequal access to economic and eadership opertunities based on ones sec is reffered to as gender stratification
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why are women classified as minority groups women are discriminated against based on physical or culrural characteristics
leticia has worked for 20 yr in the public relations department of a large firm. although she has been a vice president for 10 it is unlikely she will ever become president even though she has been extremly successful this is an example of the glass ceiling
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 which type of government was found in hitlers germany and saddam husseind iraqtotalitatianism
 wat does routinization of charisma meanthe transititon of authority from a charismatic leader to traditional authority under his or her followers
 people who think alike on a petricular issue and who can be mobilized for political action make up a special intrest group
 what is the key factor on which represntitive democracy is basedcitizenship
 when actor a gets compliance from actor b by appealing to actor b's moral standards this is known asnormative power
 what are the three sources of authority acording to weberrational legal, traditional, charismatic
 what is another term for legitimate powerauthority
 what is the relationship between traditional wuthority and the level of a societys industrializationas the level of industrialization incresses, the level of traditional authoruty decreases.
 in the us what do we call the diffusion of power among many diffrent organizations, so that no one group gains control pluralisim
 which of the following is the best description of the economic institutionit is a system for producing goods and services
 the plow is to the agrcutureal society as the _____ is to post industrial societycomputer chip
 when market forces are able to operate without government interference, it is called ____ capitalismlaissez- faire
 what is the primary criticism leveled against capitalismit leads to serve social inequalities
 in a few societies men may have more then one wife. this is known aspolygyny
 sociologically which of the folowing is the most accurate definition of marrigeit is a groups approved mating arrangement
 of the following examples, which one is the best representative of endogamysome religious groups require their members to marry only within their religion
 When rachel and leah were married to jacob(in the bible), they moved to live with Jacob's family. What form of residential pattern does this represent?patrilocal
 Regina lives in a society where the children are considered to be related to the fathers relatives, but not to the mother's relatives. this is an example of a _____ system of descentpatrilineal
 Becky works full time for a law firm.. At home, she cooks supper, cleans the house and does the wash. The additional work that mothers like Becky do has been calledthe second shift
 Robert Merton distinguished between "manifest" and "latent" functions. Latent functions are notable because 
 american families are notoriously precarious. what binds families together?the ideal of "romantic" ties between consenting adults
 which of the following variables has the strongest influence on variations found in american family lifesocial class and culture
 heather is getting married in the spring and is worried that her chances of getting divorced are extremely likely, given the high divorce rate in the US. on the other hand, what reason can jane use to discount the statistics related to divorce?Overall statistics on divorce have nothing to do with any individiual marriage
 what is the primary reason many employers rely on diplomas and degrees as sorting devices to choose employeeesemployers do not know potential employees
 what were the two major reasons for instituting public education in the US in the 1800sit was to produce more educated workers and "americanize" immigrants.
 in the Least Industrialized Countries, who is the most likely to participate in a formal education program beyond the first few gradesprimarily the wealthy because of the high cost of education in these nations
 which of the following is a latent function of US educationproviding childcare service for working parents
 determining which people will enter what occupation is a function of education calledgatekeeping
 according to functionalists, why is social placement of students beneficial to society?it ensures that the most capable people fill positions requiring higher intellectual levels.
 what is the major criticsm confict theorists make of the hidden curriculumit perpetuates social inequalities
 in the US today, one-third of all entering college frosh have a high school GPA of A- or better, twice what it was in 1970. This is an example thatteachers have inflated grades
 What book by Emile Durkheim identified the central components of all religions?The elementary forms of religious life
 When the priest raises the cup of wine and blesses it, a bell is rung for all present to take notice and give deep awe and respect. Which of the following best describes what has transpired?The wine has taken on sacred status
 Durkheim stated that religion is defined by three elements. Which is not one of them?the salvation of souls
 Sociologists' primary purpose in studying religion isto study the role that religion plays in people's lives.
 What do the nine bloody Crusades to the HOly Land, The burning of witches at the stake in Salem, and the sacrifice of virgins by the Aztecs illustrate about religion?They are all examples of how religion can be dysfunctional
 Rituals are repetitive practices which help to unite people into a moral community.an exmaple of ritual would bepraying before meals
 the phrase,"religion is the sigh of the oppressed... the opium of the people" is credited to Karl Marx
 Religion has often been used to justify denying certain groups- such as homosexuals - civil rights in the US. What would conflict theorists say about this?Religion is used to legitimate social inequality.
 The largest single religious denomination in the US, with over 60 million members, isRoman Catholic
 Why is Sunday morning between the hours of ten and eleven called "the most segregated house in the US"People of different races attend church services connected to their race and ethnicity
 What is the term used to describe the shifting of focus from spirtiual matters to the affairs of this world?the seculatization of religion
 Even though we no longer depend on young people to work in the fields, we continue to have a school calendar which reflects that former life-pattern. Sociologists say this is the result oflatent functions
 which of the following serves as the best example of how religion has promoted postive social change?The Civil Rights Movement
 C.Wright Mills contends that 
 The Crescent Moon and the star are to Muslims as ______ is to JewsThe Star of David
 In the US, for both single mothers and married couples which is the most common source of childcare for mothers who work out of the home?organized day care facilities
 The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social prorams to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine known associal Darwinism
 Based on the theories of Karl Marx, What was the ultimate goal of the proletariat?the proletariat sought to develop a classless society free of exploitation
 Based on Emile Durkheim's research on suicide, which of the following would be the greatest suicide risk?Herbert, a single Protestant man living in the city
 According to Max Weber, what was the "sign" that Calvinists believed God would send them to indicate that they were in divine favor and destined for savation?financial success
 Socioogists emphasize the notion that our thinking and motivation are largely determined byinfluences drawn from our life experiences
 What sociological phrase is used to describe "opening a window onto unfamiliar worlds" and "offering a fresh look at familiar worlds"?the sociological perspective
 What are the two components C. Wright Mills identified as being fundamental to the sociological imagination?histor and biography
 In the nineteenth century, the British scholar who was a good friend of Charles Darwin and who applied the natural selection model to social experience wasHerbert Spencer
 How did Karl Marx and Max Weber differ in their theoretical assumptions?Marx believed economics was the central force of social change, but Weber claimed it was religion.
 Who was the first African American to earn a doctoral degree in sociology from Harvard University?W.E.B. DuBois
 What is a general statement about how some parts of the world fit together to explain how they work?a theory
 Many African Americans feel the flag of the Confederate States of America, the "stars and bars," is a sign of racial hatred. States rights advocates view the same flag as being "heritage, not hatred." Such a difference of opinion over the meaning of the same object is an illustration of which sociological perspective?Symbolic interactionism
 Which sociological perspective stresses that society is a whole unit, made up of interrelated parts that work together harmoniously?structural functionalism
 Which socioogical perspective views society as being composed of groups that engage in fierce competition for scarce resources?structural conflict
 what term do sociologists use to describe the language, beliefs, norms, values, and material objects shared by members of society?culture
 Which of the following is the best representative of "material culture"?the space shuttle
 When sociologists use the phrase "the culture within us", what do they mean?Shared and learned ways of believing and doing become taken-for-granted assumptions in our lives
 When we first approach another society, we have a tendency to judge it in light of our own experience. This is know to sociologists and anthropologists asethnocentrism
 Marchall is exploring how the various aspects of the lenape culture - such as their religion, familiy values, and political arrangements - fit together without judging those elements as being inferior to modern, western society. Marshall is practicingcultural relativism
 What form of culture is illustrated when we shake our head to the left and right to mean "no" and up and down to mean "yes"? 
 What are the expectations or rules of behavior which develop out of a group's values?norms
 Mark and Sally went walking in Holland's city park. both of them were wearing nothing above their waists. According to local convention, Mark would be violating a _____ while Sally would be violating a _____.folkway; more
 Gerirge has a habit of mixing his peas with his mashed potatoes and then eating them with a butter knife. Which phrase best decribes George's behavior?George is guilty of violating a folkway.
 Which term describes a group that has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at the same time has values and norms that refect the dominant culture of society?subculture
 The cultural prohibitions against cannibalism and incest are examples oftaboos.
 what term describes a society which is made up of many different religious, racial, and ethnic groups?a pluralistic society
 we are able to communicate instantly with millions of people around the world through blogs and other Internet means. However, many older Americans are slow to adopt these technologies because they seem impersonal and lack the human touch. This is an example ofcultural lag
 ______ is the term used for the process of internalizing the ways of a particular society.Socialization
 Becjy and Grank are studying the nature vs. nurture argument to determine the cause of human behavior. In doing so, which of the following research methods would probably yield the most significant results?a study of identical twins separated at birth
 What effect did two years of intensive language training have on Isabelle, a feral child discovered in Ohio in 1938Isablle reached an intellectual level normal for her age
 What term describes the unique iage we hold of who we are?the self
 Charles Horton Cooley uses the term______ to describe the process by which we develop a sense of who we are. looking-glass self
 George herbert mead describes the responsive and reflective part of each of us as the "me"
 Tony is five years old. He loves to dress up like the Lone Ranger and pretend to help people in need. According to Mead's theory, which stage best describes Tony's behavior?the play stage
 Corinne is 6 years old. She can count to 100, but she is not sure what the numbers actually mean. According to Piaget, in what stage is Corinne functioning?preoperational
 Why do sociologists generally object to the Freudian view of psychoanalysis?Sociologists reject the view that inborn and subconscious motivations are the primary reasons for human behavior
 The process by which one learns new norms, values, attitudes and behaviors is calldresocialization
 When he was undertaking his graduate research, Erving Goffman worked in a mental hospital which he described in great detail. This setting is known as atotal institution
 Which sociological perspective uses "microsociology" as its primary level of analysis?symboic interactionism
 Behaviors, obligations, and privleges attached to a position one occupies in life are calledroles
 the primary difference between ascribed status and achieved status isascribed statuses are given to us while achieved statuses are worked for.
 What is the primary reason for the differences people have in behavior and attitude?one's location in the social structure
 Madeleine's position as president of a loval college overshadows her work as a wife, mother, and volunteer for her church. Being college president is Madeleine'smaster status
 Functionalist sociologits use the term "institution" in a unique way. When they reger to a structure as an institution, they think of it as the means that each society developsto meet its basic needs
 Historically, the society which ha the most formal, highly structured institutions would bethe industrial society
 the issue of gender and social inequality first became a feature of social life during the agricultural society
 Hilda is walking with a new friend from Iran. He continues to stand very close to her, making her feel uncomfortable. She repeatedly backs away in order to have at least a fot between them. Hilda is trying to establish a "distance zone" that would be called Hilda's personal distance
 According to Erving Goffman, when you talk loudly to a room full of semi-strangers, you are demonstratingfront stage behavior
 _______ refers to the tendency we all have to control each other's perception of ourselves in public (and private) settings.Impression management
 the smallest and most intensely personal type of social uinit is aprimary group
 a collection of people who have a common task work closely together but do not necesarily have a personal relationship is an example of aformal group
 there are 36 cars backed up at an intersection because of an acident what sociological term best describes the drives of those 36aggregate
 pat a member of dem party 40 years became county chair his experience in the dem party supports which of the following conclusions about primary and sconary groupssecondary groups tend to break down in the long run into their primary group parts.
 which set of characteristics is most applicable to decribing secondary groupsformal, impersonal, anonymous
 which of the following phrases best applies to robert michels "iorn law of oil garchy"the domination of orginaizations by a small self perpetuating elite.
 the flying dutch ultimate frisbee team are supposed to play as a team, a small group of bffs practice drills seprately. this is aclique
 in his experiment involving the "small world phenomenon" stanley milgram found that society is unconciously liked together by mutal acquaintances
 samantha works in a place that is hierarchical in nature has a division of labor written rules communications and records in which workers treat each other impersonally based on these charicterisics we can conclude samantha works in a bureacracy
 max weber recongnized that efficiency and other aspects of formal sturcture have gradually speeded into many aspects of human social life he decribed the process asrationalization of society
 which of the following forms of alienation are not pars of marxs critquw of contemporary societyallionation from ones family
 analysts of formal organizations study several means and ends of the organizationjob satisfaction and productivity
 antony worked as a sociologist in anthonys view what type of group are " sociology professors" his refrence group
 a leader who is especially committed to getting a task done in a group would be termedinstramental leader
 when members of a group begin to narrow their thoughts and feel that there is only one correct answer to a situation group members are experiencing groupthink
 how does the manner in which sociologists apply the term deviant differ from the manner in which members of general public apply the termsociologists use the term diviance non judgementally members of the general public respnd to it negitively
 evering goffman suggested that perception of deviance is more important than actual actions because of the response which it initiates the representslabeling theory
 phillip has just returned from the iraq war while there he recieved a purple heart for being wounded in combat this medal is a form ofpositive sanction
 in nabraska a man aranged for marrage of his 13 and 14 daughters to 34 and 28 iraqi men, based on this traditional practice what were the reactions of nebraska and muslimsthe muslims were unpased bu the event and nebraskans considered it rape
 what concept refers to the system of formal and informal means of enforcing normssocial control
 which personal characteristic of an individual wouls sociologists be most likely to adress when trying to determine the cause of the individuals deviant behaviortheir social class
 th main idea of control theory is that most peopl have strong desires to be deviant but two systems work against this desire what are the two systemsinner and outer controls
 based on his famous theory explaining the cause of deviance and crime what would edwind sutherland consider to be the underlying cause of deviancegroup association
 elime durkheim stated several resons why deviance was actually functional for society which of the following was not one of his reasons one deviant act leads to another which increases social solidarity
 based on robert mertons strain theory inner city youth who resot to stealing in order to wwear name brand clothes are practicing which more of adaptaioninnovation
 what term refers to crimes committed by people of respectable and high social status in the course of their regular occupationswhite collar crime
 the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power property and prestige is called social stratification
 traditionally what were the three factors on which slacery was basedwar debt crime
 what social dimension undelies indias caste system religion
 what did karl marx believe was the primary factor that distinguishes between the diffren classes under industrial capitalismrelationship to the means of production
 if a person had lived during marx time and had been the owner of sawmill marx would have considered that person to be a member of the bourgeoisie
 what term did karl marx use to describe the experience when workers mistakenly embraced the explanations that the elite give for the workers second class situationfalse conciousness
 max weber believed social class is actually based on three components what are theyproperty power prestiege
 world systems theory was developed by immanueal wallerstein
 which sociologist claimed that the university of stratification can be explained by the nescesity to motivate the most qualified people to fill the most important positionskingsley davis
 which statement best summerizes karl marx's predicted outcome reguarding he diffrences between the social classes?workers will revolt when they overcome the false consciousness that binds them
 which statement is most accurate reguarding the changes in income distribution in the united states during since 1980 the rich have grown richer and the poor have grown poorer
 in the distribution of income graph that equats a childs block(1 1/2 inch with $500 the average american would be ____ feet off the ground while those with the greatest income would be high as____eight; mount everest
 wha term did c wright mills coin to refer to the collection of people who make the big decisions in the us societythe power elite
 why do some people in los angeles list their adress as beverly hills but then use the correct os angeles zip codeit is a means by which people display prestiege
 jacko is a drug dealer who makes well over a million dollars a year. he lives in a magnificant home and has a squad of other dealers and gang members who support and protect him. in view of thiswhich of the following is the best description of jacko based on middle class standardsjocko is status inconsistand because his prestiege score as a drug dealer is not consistent with his rank in property and power
 f lloyd warner developed a technique of measuring socia class by asking three prominent members of a community to rank order its citizens. this was known as a reputational model
 the upward or downward movement in social class by family members between generations is known as___ mobilityintergenerational
 the current recesion has meant that millions of people have lost their jobs and changed social class downnward. this pattern represents ____ mobilitystructural
 what are the two major myths of racecertian races are intellectually superior to others and pure races exist
 prejudice describes____ while discrimination describes_____attitudes; behaviors
 ____ identified "timid bigots" at those who hold negatice attutudes towads others but are too timid to act on those attitudesrobert merton
 the unequal access to economic and eadership opertunities based on ones sec is reffered to asgender stratification
 why are women classified as minority groupswomen are discriminated against based on physical or culrural characteristics
 leticia has worked for 20 yr in the public relations department of a large firm. although she has been a vice president for 10 it is unlikely she will ever become president even though she has been extremly successful this is an example ofthe glass ceiling
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