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Midterm 3 Flashcards - Flashcards

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Class:SOC 152A - SOC HUMAN SEXUALITY
Subject:Sociology
University:University of California - Santa Barbara
Term:Spring 2010
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Noncoital behaviors foreplay/afterplay fondling outercourse dry humping tribadism - two women rubbing vulvas and thrusting oral sex cunnilingus - oral stimulation of vulva "69" anilingus - mouth anal contact
Man-above coitus position (Missionary position) W lies on her back with legs parted and M is above her May provide more stimulation to M than W
Woman-above position Opposite of man-above position
Side-by-side position relatively relaxed prolongs sexual encounter
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M and W different sexual preferences “ideal duration” of foreplay is same in M and W, but the actual duration is much shorter Woman-woman sex is marked by a greater duration as well as a greater variety of behaviors Gays and lesbian couples may find it easier to express sexual desires and needs
Kama Sutra "love guide" classic guide on how to make love
Mangaia example of a sex-positive society girls receive sexual instruction from older women and vice versa for males
Beauty the collection of attributes that makes a person sexually desirable features: symmetry, masculinity/femininity (extreme side most attractive), waist-to-hip ratio (tends to be lower on women and higher for men for most attractiveness), cultural factors (ex. faces of same ethnic group) features unclear/not universal: body fatness, breast size, muscularity
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Behavioral beauty influence attractiveness slower than physical beauty b/c they are not readily visible important traits: trust, warmth, sense of humor (only women like - men like it when women laugh at their humor)
Familiarity / Homophily can increase and decrease attractiveness study: found that people are more attracted to mirror-reversed photos better and friends of subject liked unaltered photo -> b/c friends see them directly (which looks like the unaltered photo) Homophily - tendency to be attactd to people who resemble oneself
Habituation decline in the response to a stimulus or drug after repeated or prolonged exposure study: less sexual arousal for watching same sexual tape; new sexual tape led to more sexual arousal
Variability in attractiveness during menstrual cycle W prefer M more masculine near ovulation (when they are most likely to conceive. Evolutionary psychology – women look for “good genes” at the time when they are most fertile
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Asexual Asexual – incapable of experiencing sexual attraction (diff. from sexual abstinence) – which is a choice of not having sex
Erectile Dysfunction (ED) -Much more common as men age -Treating ED: lifestyle changes (ex. quitting smoking), Viagra, drugs/injections (Prostaglandin E), devices/implants (vacuum constriction system, penile implants), sex therapy (sensate focus) -sex therapy: reduce anxiety through means of sensate focus (concentrate on the senses by touching rather than engaging in coitus); resolve relationship problems; combined with drug treatment
Premature Ejaculation (PE) -men's #1 sex problem -Types of PE: primary, secondary, situational -causes: unclear; traditional view (results from learning; ex. sex conducted in haste and anxiety with prostitute); psychological theory (mostly relate to situational PE; biological - lifelong PE); can be natural (especially if he is young a sex few/in a long time)
Treatment of PE -combination of drugs + sex therapy most effective -squeeze technique: starts with manual stimulation of the penis -> squeeze slows down the male’s response (increases time he can have erection and sex w/o ejaculation) -stop/start technique: stop focusing on giving partner pleasure but start focusing on giving pleasure to yourself *first stimulate yourself, then partner stimulates your penis (but stop if about to climax), then coitus but slowly
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Female sexual arousal disorder -psychological/genital arousal in W, such as to make sex unpleasant or painful -W can also experience erectile dysfunction (lack of clitoral erection) -> -Treatment: Eos Clitoral Therapy Device – miniature version of the vacuum system used to treat male ED
Dyspareunia -pain during coitus, more common for women -reasons for dysp: scars in the vagina from ex. sexual assault, female circumcision, thinning of vag. walls, inflammation of vagina, vaginismus -Vaginismus – inability to experience coitus due to spasm of muscles surrounding the outer vagina, pain, or fear of pain
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 Noncoital behaviorsforeplay/afterplay
fondling
outercourse
dry humping
tribadism - two women rubbing vulvas and thrusting
oral sex
cunnilingus - oral stimulation of vulva
"69"
anilingus - mouth anal contact
 Man-above coitus position (Missionary position)W lies on her back with legs parted and M is above her
May provide more stimulation to M than W
 Woman-above positionOpposite of man-above position
 Side-by-side positionrelatively relaxed
prolongs sexual encounter
 M and W different sexual preferences“ideal duration” of foreplay is same in M and W, but the actual duration is much shorter
Woman-woman sex is marked by a greater duration as well as a greater variety of behaviors
Gays and lesbian couples may find it easier to express sexual desires and needs
 Kama Sutra"love guide"
classic guide on how to make love
 Mangaiaexample of a sex-positive society
girls receive sexual instruction from older women and vice versa for males
 Beautythe collection of attributes that makes a person sexually desirable
features: symmetry, masculinity/femininity (extreme side most attractive), waist-to-hip ratio (tends to be lower on women and higher for men for most attractiveness), cultural factors (ex. faces of same ethnic group)
features unclear/not universal: body fatness, breast size, muscularity
 Behavioral beautyinfluence attractiveness slower than physical beauty b/c they are not readily visible
important traits: trust, warmth, sense of humor (only women like - men like it when women laugh at their humor)
 Familiarity / Homophilycan increase and decrease attractiveness
study: found that people are more attracted to mirror-reversed photos better and friends of subject liked unaltered photo -> b/c friends see them directly (which looks like the unaltered photo)

Homophily - tendency to be attactd to people who resemble oneself
 Habituationdecline in the response to a stimulus or drug after repeated or prolonged exposure
study: less sexual arousal for watching same sexual tape; new sexual tape led to more sexual arousal
 Variability in attractiveness during menstrual cycleW prefer M more masculine near ovulation (when they are most likely to conceive.
Evolutionary psychology – women look for “good genes” at the time when they are most fertile
 AsexualAsexual – incapable of experiencing sexual attraction (diff. from sexual abstinence) – which is a choice of not having sex
 Erectile Dysfunction (ED)-Much more common as men age
-Treating ED: lifestyle changes (ex. quitting smoking), Viagra, drugs/injections (Prostaglandin E), devices/implants (vacuum constriction system, penile implants), sex therapy (sensate focus)
-sex therapy: reduce anxiety through means of sensate focus (concentrate on the senses by touching rather than engaging in coitus); resolve relationship problems; combined with drug treatment
 Premature Ejaculation (PE)-men's #1 sex problem
-Types of PE: primary, secondary, situational
-causes: unclear; traditional view (results from learning; ex. sex conducted in haste and anxiety with prostitute); psychological theory (mostly relate to situational PE; biological - lifelong PE); can be natural (especially if he is young a sex few/in a long time)
 Treatment of PE-combination of drugs + sex therapy most effective
-squeeze technique: starts with manual stimulation of the penis -> squeeze slows down the male’s response (increases time he can have erection and sex w/o ejaculation)
-stop/start technique: stop focusing on giving partner pleasure but start focusing on giving pleasure to yourself
*first stimulate yourself, then partner stimulates your penis (but stop if about to climax), then coitus but slowly
 Female sexual arousal disorder-psychological/genital arousal in W, such as to make sex unpleasant or painful
-W can also experience erectile dysfunction (lack of clitoral erection) ->
-Treatment: Eos Clitoral Therapy Device – miniature version of the vacuum system used to treat male ED
 Dyspareunia-pain during coitus, more common for women
-reasons for dysp: scars in the vagina from ex. sexual assault, female circumcision, thinning of vag. walls, inflammation of vagina, vaginismus
-Vaginismus – inability to experience coitus due to spasm of muscles surrounding the outer vagina, pain, or fear of pain
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