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Sociology Final Exam - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:SOC 1010 - Introduction to Sociology
Subject:Sociology
University:Southern Utah University
Term:Fall Semester 2012
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Civil Religion
  • Set of sacred beliefs so commonly accepted by most people that it becomes part of the national culture
Religion
  • The way people make sense of their world
Sacred
  • Holy things that are put to special use for the worship of gods or supreme beings, things kept separate from the profane realm
Profane
  • Everyday life
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Theism
  • Worship of a god or gods as in Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism
Ethicalism
  • Adherence to certain principles to lead a moral life, as in Buddhism an Taoism
Animism
  • Belief that spirits are part of the natural world, as in totemism
Secularism
  • General movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief toward a rational, scientific orientation, a trend observed in Muslim and Christian industrialized nations alike.
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Cohabitation
  • Living together in an intimate relationship without formal legal or religious sanctioning
Civil Union
  • Legally recognized unions explicitly intended to offer similar state-provided legal rights and benefits as marriage.
Domestic Partnership
  • Legally recognized unions that guarantee only select rights to same-sex couples.
Nuclear Family
  • Familial form consisting of a father, mother and their children.
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Miscegenation
  • The technical term for multiracial marriage, literally meaning "a mixing of kinds"
  • Politically and historically charged-- sociologists generally prefer exogamy or outmarriage
Sex
  • Natural or biological differences that distinguish males from females
Gender
  • Denotes a social position, the set of social arrangements, built around sex categories
Gender Roles
  • Sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one's status as a male or female.
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Patriarchy
  • A nearly universal system involving the subordination of femininity to masculinity.
Sexism
  • Occurs when a person's sex or gender is the basis for judgment, discrimination, and hatred against him or her.
Glass Ceiling
  • An invisible limit on women's climb up the occupational ladder.
Capitalism
  • Economic system in which property and goods are primarily owned privately
  • Investments are determined by private decisions
  • Prices, production, and the distribution of goods are determined primarily by competition in a free market
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Race
  • A group of people who share a set of characteristics
  • Typically physical ones, and are said to share a common bloodline
Ethnicity
  • One's ethnic quality or affiliation. It is voluntary, self-defined, nonhierarchal, fluid and multiple, and based on cultural differences, not physical ones per se.
Prejudice
Discrimination
  • Harmful or negative acts against people deemed inferior on the basis of their racial category without regard to their individual merit.
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Racism
  • The belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal traits.
Ethnocentrism
  • The belief that one's own culture or group is superior to others and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of one's own.
Corporation
  • A legal entity unto itself that has a legal personhood distinct from that of its members-- owners and shareholders
Alienation
  • Condition in which people are dominated by forces of their own creation that then confront them as alien power
  • Basic state of being in a capitalist society
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Union Busting
  • A company's assault on its workers' union with the hope of dissolving it.
Meritocracy
  • A society that bases status and mobility on individual attributes, ability, and achievement
Social Mobility
  • The movement between different positions within a system of social stratification in any given society.
Ideology
  • A system of concepts and relationships, an understanding of cause and effect.
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Media
  • Any formats or vehicles that carry, present, or communicate information
Hegemony
Culture Jamming
Consumerism
  • The steady acquisition of material possessions, often with the belief that happiness and fulfillment can thus be achieved.
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Social Movement
Global Warming
  • Rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases as well as higher global average temps
Risk Society
  • A society that both produces and is concerned with mitigating risks, especially manufactured risks. (Ones that result from human activity)
Interfaith Relations Isolated
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 Civil Religion
  • Set of sacred beliefs so commonly accepted by most people that it becomes part of the national culture
 Religion
  • The way people make sense of their world
 Sacred
  • Holy things that are put to special use for the worship of gods or supreme beings, things kept separate from the profane realm
 Profane
  • Everyday life
 Theism
  • Worship of a god or gods as in Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism
 Ethicalism
  • Adherence to certain principles to lead a moral life, as in Buddhism an Taoism
 Animism
  • Belief that spirits are part of the natural world, as in totemism
 Secularism
  • General movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief toward a rational, scientific orientation, a trend observed in Muslim and Christian industrialized nations alike.
 Cohabitation
  • Living together in an intimate relationship without formal legal or religious sanctioning
 Civil Union
  • Legally recognized unions explicitly intended to offer similar state-provided legal rights and benefits as marriage.
 Domestic Partnership
  • Legally recognized unions that guarantee only select rights to same-sex couples.
 Nuclear Family
  • Familial form consisting of a father, mother and their children.
 Miscegenation
  • The technical term for multiracial marriage, literally meaning "a mixing of kinds"
  • Politically and historically charged-- sociologists generally prefer exogamy or outmarriage
 Sex
  • Natural or biological differences that distinguish males from females
 Gender
  • Denotes a social position, the set of social arrangements, built around sex categories
 Gender Roles
  • Sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one's status as a male or female.
 Patriarchy
  • A nearly universal system involving the subordination of femininity to masculinity.
 Sexism
  • Occurs when a person's sex or gender is the basis for judgment, discrimination, and hatred against him or her.
 Glass Ceiling
  • An invisible limit on women's climb up the occupational ladder.
 Capitalism
  • Economic system in which property and goods are primarily owned privately
  • Investments are determined by private decisions
  • Prices, production, and the distribution of goods are determined primarily by competition in a free market
 Race
  • A group of people who share a set of characteristics
  • Typically physical ones, and are said to share a common bloodline
 Ethnicity
  • One's ethnic quality or affiliation. It is voluntary, self-defined, nonhierarchal, fluid and multiple, and based on cultural differences, not physical ones per se.
 Prejudice 
 Discrimination
  • Harmful or negative acts against people deemed inferior on the basis of their racial category without regard to their individual merit.
 Racism
  • The belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal traits.
 Ethnocentrism
  • The belief that one's own culture or group is superior to others and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of one's own.
 Corporation
  • A legal entity unto itself that has a legal personhood distinct from that of its members-- owners and shareholders
 Alienation
  • Condition in which people are dominated by forces of their own creation that then confront them as alien power
  • Basic state of being in a capitalist society
 Union Busting
  • A company's assault on its workers' union with the hope of dissolving it.
 Meritocracy
  • A society that bases status and mobility on individual attributes, ability, and achievement
 Social Mobility
  • The movement between different positions within a system of social stratification in any given society.
 Ideology
  • A system of concepts and relationships, an understanding of cause and effect.
 Media
  • Any formats or vehicles that carry, present, or communicate information
 Hegemony 
 Culture Jamming 
 Consumerism
  • The steady acquisition of material possessions, often with the belief that happiness and fulfillment can thus be achieved.
 Social Movement 
 Global Warming
  • Rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases as well as higher global average temps
 Risk Society
  • A society that both produces and is concerned with mitigating risks, especially manufactured risks. (Ones that result from human activity)
 Interfaith Relations Isolated 
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