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Class:SOCI 1111 - Introductory Sociology
Subject:SOCI Sociology
University:University of Memphis
Term:Fall 2010
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Which discipline defines itself as “the systematic study of human society”? sociology
Peter Berger described using the sociological perspective as seeing the ______ in the _______. general; particular
Sociologists use the term “social marginality” to refer to: being defined by others as an “outsider.”
Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our own borders? All of the above are correct.
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A statement of how and why specific facts are related is called a: theory
The theoretical approach in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability is the: structural-functional approach.
The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as: manifest functions.
Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach? It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
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Which of the following early sociologists had an important influence on the development of the social-conflict approach? Karl Marx
Which of the following founding sociologists urged sociologists to understand a social setting from the point of view of the people in it? Max Weber
Sociologists use the term “empirical evidence” to refer to: information we can verify with our senses.
The ideal of objectivity means that a researcher: must try to adopt a stance of personal neutrality toward the outcome of the research.
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If you have been criticized for "androcentricity" in your research, you are being criticized for: doing the research from a male perspective.
What term refers to any change in a subject's behavior caused by the awareness of being studied? the Hawthorne effect
Which research method asks subjects to respond to a series of items in a questionnaire or an interview? the survey
Which sociological research method provides the best chance to understand social behavior in a natural setting? participant observation
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What is the term for the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together make up a people’s way of life? culture
Among all forms of life, humans stand out as the only species that: relies on culture to ensure survival
Which of the following most closely conveys the point of the Sapir-Whorf thesis? People see the world through the cultural lens of their language
Standards by which people who share culture define what is desirable, good, and beautiful are called: values
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Subculture refers to cultural patterns that set off a part of a society’s population
Multiculturalism is defined as: an educational program recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equality of all cultural traditions.
The term “cultural lag” refers to the fact that: some cultural elements change more quickly than others
Cultural change is set in motion in three general ways. What are they? invention, discovery, and diffusion
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Ethnocentrism refers to: judging another culture using the standards of your own culture
The practice of understanding another culture on its own terms and using its own standards is called: cultural relativism
Which of the following adds to the creation of a global culture? All of the above are correct
Which of the following concepts refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share culture? society
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Gerhard Lenski claimed that which of the following has the greatest power to shape a society? technology
Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is: the economy
What Lenski called the industrial society and Marx called the capitalist society, Weber considered: a rational society
Durkheim explained that organic solidarity is based on specialization and interdependence
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What concept refers to the lifelong social experience by which human beings develop their potential and learn culture? socialization
In the nature versus nurture debate, sociologists claim that: nurture is far more important than nature
If you were to put together the lesson learned from the cases of Anna, Isabelle, and Genie, you would correctly conclude that: social experience plays a crucial part in forming human personality
Our basic drives or needs as humans are reflected in Freud's concept of: id.
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Carol Gilligan's work on the issue of self-esteem in girls showed that: girls begin with high levels of self-esteem, which gradually decrease as they go through adolescence
George Herbert Mead considered the self to be: that part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image.
Mead placed the origin of the self in: social experience
When Cooley used the concept "looking-glass self," he meant to say that: people see themselves as they think others see them
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Family is important to the socialization process because: All of the above are correct
The process by which people act and react in relation to others is called: social interaction
What concept refers to a social position that is received at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life? ascribed status
A role set refers to a number of roles attached to a single status
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Which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact? social construction of reality
What does the term "presentation of self" mean? efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
Solomon Asch’s research, in which subjects were asked to match lines, showed: group membership has the power to generate conformity.
Which of the following statements is consistent with the findings of Solomon Asch? Many people are willing to compromise their own judgment to avoid being seen as different by others.
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Stanley Milgram’s research, in which subjects used a “shock generator,” showed: people are surprisingly likely to follow the orders of not only real authority figures but also groups of ordinary individuals.
The concept "bureaucracy" refers to:
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  Which discipline defines itself as “the systematic study of human society”?sociology
  Peter Berger described using the sociological perspective as seeing the ______ in the _______.general; particular
 Sociologists use the term “social marginality” to refer to:being defined by others as an “outsider.”
  Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our own borders?All of the above are correct.
  A statement of how and why specific facts are related is called a:theory
  The theoretical approach in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability is the:structural-functional approach.
  The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as:manifest functions.
  Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  Which of the following early sociologists had an important influence on the development of the social-conflict approach?Karl Marx
 Which of the following founding sociologists urged sociologists to understand a social setting from the point of view of the people in it?Max Weber
 Sociologists use the term “empirical evidence” to refer to:information we can verify with our senses.
 The ideal of objectivity means that a researcher:must try to adopt a stance of personal neutrality toward the outcome of the research.
 If you have been criticized for "androcentricity" in your research, you are being criticized for:doing the research from a male perspective.
 What term refers to any change in a subject's behavior caused by the awareness of being studied?the Hawthorne effect
 Which research method asks subjects to respond to a series of items in a questionnaire or an interview?the survey
 Which sociological research method provides the best chance to understand social behavior in a natural setting?participant observation
 What is the term for the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together make up a people’s way of life?culture
 Among all forms of life, humans stand out as the only species that:relies on culture to ensure survival
 Which of the following most closely conveys the point of the Sapir-Whorf thesis?People see the world through the cultural lens of their language
 Standards by which people who share culture define what is desirable, good, and beautiful are called:values
 Subculture refers tocultural patterns that set off a part of a society’s population
 Multiculturalism is defined as:an educational program recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equality of all cultural traditions.
 The term “cultural lag” refers to the fact that:some cultural elements change more quickly than others
 Cultural change is set in motion in three general ways. What are they?invention, discovery, and diffusion
 Ethnocentrism refers to:judging another culture using the standards of your own culture
 The practice of understanding another culture on its own terms and using its own standards is called:cultural relativism
 Which of the following adds to the creation of a global culture?All of the above are correct
 Which of the following concepts refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share culture?society
 Gerhard Lenski claimed that which of the following has the greatest power to shape a society?technology
 Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:the economy
 What Lenski called the industrial society and Marx called the capitalist society, Weber considered:a rational society
 Durkheim explained that organic solidarity is based onspecialization and interdependence
 What concept refers to the lifelong social experience by which human beings develop their potential and learn culture?socialization
 In the nature versus nurture debate, sociologists claim that:nurture is far more important than nature
 If you were to put together the lesson learned from the cases of Anna, Isabelle, and Genie, you would correctly conclude that:social experience plays a crucial part in forming human personality
 Our basic drives or needs as humans are reflected in Freud's concept of:id.
 Carol Gilligan's work on the issue of self-esteem in girls showed that:girls begin with high levels of self-esteem, which gradually decrease as they go through adolescence
 George Herbert Mead considered the self to be:that part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image.
 Mead placed the origin of the self in:social experience
 When Cooley used the concept "looking-glass self," he meant to say that:people see themselves as they think others see them
 Family is important to the socialization process because:All of the above are correct
 The process by which people act and react in relation to others is called:social interaction
 What concept refers to a social position that is received at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life?ascribed status
 A role set refers toa number of roles attached to a single status
 Which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact?social construction of reality
 What does the term "presentation of self" mean?efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
 Solomon Asch’s research, in which subjects were asked to match lines, showed:group membership has the power to generate conformity.
 Which of the following statements is consistent with the findings of Solomon Asch?Many people are willing to compromise their own judgment to avoid being seen as different by others.
 Stanley Milgram’s research, in which subjects used a “shock generator,” showed:people are surprisingly likely to follow the orders of not only real authority figures but also groups of ordinary individuals.
 The concept "bureaucracy" refers to: 
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