Koofers

Final Review - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:SPN 312L - SECOND-YEAR SPANISH II
Subject:Spanish
University:University of Texas - Austin
Term:Spring 2010
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      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
acontecimiento event
ballena whale
beneficio benefit
calentamiento global global warming
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capa de ozono ozone layer
deforestacion deforestation
el/la indigena native
el maltrato maltreatment
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el monte woodland
la multa fine
el paisaje scenery
el respeto respect
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gratuitamente unwarranted
contaminar to contaminate
cuidar to care for
desaparecer to disappear
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funcionar to function
habitar to reside
prohibir to prohibit
reciclar to recycle
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regalar to make a present of
respetar to respect
suceder to happen
ambiental environmental
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contaminante contaminating
ecologico/a ecological
habitacional liveable
hibrido/a hybrid
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urbano/a urban
la campana campaign
el/la consumidor/a consumer
el contenedor container
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la empresa company
el/la fabricante maker
la frontera border
el mercado market
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la necesidad need
la publicidad publicity
el recurso resource
la tecnica technique
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el tratado treaty
adecuar to accomodate
colocar to place
depender (de) to depend (on)
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eliminar to eliminate
implementar to implement
lograr to achieve
vender to sell
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comercial commercial
empresarial business
establecido/a established
el/la abogado/a lawyer
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el/la alcalde/sa mayor
el ayuntamiento city hall
el/la cuidadano/a citizen
el derecho right
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la fuente source
la justicia justice
la ley law
la manifestacion protest
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el manifesto manifest
el porcentaje percentage
la promesa promise
afirmar to state
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cumplir to fulfill
desarrollarse to develop
detener to stop
divertir to entertain
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entristecer to sadden
exigir to demand
explotar to explode
malinterpretar to misinterpret
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suprimir to suppress
tomar conciencia to become aware
allegado/a close
civico/a civic
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entrevistado/a interviewed
firmado/a signed
juridico/a legal
perjudicial damaging
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previsto/a foreseen
respetuoso/a respectful
aunque although
no solo...sino not only...but
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por otra parte on the other hand
por todo ello because of it all
por una parte on one hand
por ultimo lastly
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possible situation si + present + present/future
less possible si + past subjunctive + conditional
impossible si + pluscuamperfecto + conditional perfect
future conjugation endings é ás infinitive + á emos án
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conditional conjugation endings ía ías infinitive + ía íamos ían
past subjunctive conjugation endings a as 3rd person plural (ellos) + a amos (accent on vowel before) an
conditional perfect conjugation endings habría habrías habría + ADO/IDO habríamos habrían
pluscuamperfecto subjuntivo conjugacion hubiera hubieras hubiera + ADO/IDO hubiéramos hubieran
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quien follows a preposition or a comma
que no preposition
el/la/los/las que follows a preposition
lo que the thing that that which
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para el/la que for whom I...
a el/la que to whom I...
irregular future/conditional verbs caber - cabr poder - podr poner - pondr querer - querr decir - dir tener - tendr haber - habr valer - valdr salir - saldr venir - vendr hacer - har saber - sabr
irregular past poner - puse poder - pude saber - supe querer - quise hacer - hice/hizo venir - vine decir/traer - dije/traje ir/ser - fue tener/estar/andar - tuve/estuve/anduve dar - di
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past conjugation endings AR ER/IR é í aste iste ó ió amos imos aron ieron
present perfect conjugation he has ha + ADO/IDO hemos han
irregular participles abrir - abierto escribir - escrito cubrir - cubierto ver - visto descubrir - descubierto romper - roto morir - muerto decir - dicho poner - puesto hacer - hecho resolver - resuelto volver - vuelto
la barbilla chin
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la ceja eyebrow
las facciones features
la frente forehead
la morfopsicologia morphopsychology
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la mandibula jaw
el pecho chest
el pomulo cheekbone
el rostro face
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el/la triunfador/a victor
la voluntad willpower
delatar to betray
desenvolverse to interact
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disfrutar to enjoy
enrojecerse to blush
paracer to seem
soportar to bear
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abombado convex
afectivo affective
alargado enlongated
almendrado almond-shaped
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amplio ample
ancho wide
calvo bald
canoso gray-haired
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celoso jealous
carnoso fleshy
comodon lazy
cuadrado square
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curvado curved
debil weak
despejado open
emprendedor enterprising
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hundido sunken
indolente laid-back
infatigable tireless
ingenuo naive
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marcado marked
moreno dark
palido pale
poblado think
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prominente prominent
proximo near, next
puntiguado pointed
recto straight
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redondeado rounded
retraido thin
rizado curly
rosado rosy
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salton bulging (eyes)
separado wide-set
sincero sincere
solitario solitary
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tenaz tenacious
torpe clumsy
despierto awake/alert
exigente demanding
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interesado interested, selfish
listo ready, clever
orgulloso proud
vivo alive, astute
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xenofobo xenophobic
la cercania proximity
las costumbres customs
la creencia belief
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la vision (limitada) perspective (limited)
el Kalimocho wine with coke
deprimir to depress
derribar to tear down
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madurar to mature
prejuzgar prejudge
promover promote
el bisturi scalpel
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la cirugia surgery
la dictadura dictatorship
la farandula show biz
el milagro miracle
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el rasgo trait
el/la seguidor/a follower
el tejido tissue
estetico aesthetic
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fisico physical
patente evident
animar encourage
convertirse en un cambio que tiene que ver con magia o transformacion
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corregirse correct
destacar to emphasize
hacerse un cambio que esta relacionado con la edad, la ideologia, o la profesion
llegar a ser un cambio que se consigue despues de mucho trabajo y esfuerza
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mejorar to improve
ponerse un cambio que esta relacionado con el aspecto fisico o el estado de animo de una persona; se us con adjetivo(s) temporary/traits
prevenir to prevent
quedarse un cambio que expresa una privacion de algo que antes se tenia without something
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rellenar to fill
retirar to remove
volverse un cambio en la personalidad o en la actitud de una persona, casi siempre duradero in the long run
actualmente currently
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discrepar to disagree
estoy totalmente en contra i'm completely against
no digo que i'm not saying that
estoy de acuerdo i agree
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inerrumpo un segundo para allow me to interrupt
no lo tengo muy clara i'm not real sure
el alfiler straight pin
la alimentacion wood
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el arma weapon
el asombro astonishment
la barca boat
el/la cautivo/a captive
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la cola tail
la canaria native of the Canary Islands
el gusanillo worm
la herida injury
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la lengua language
la maquina machine
el natural native
el piojo lice
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el poblado settlement
la senal sign
el siervo servant
la tierra firme land
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agotarse to run out of
aproximarse to draw near
bastar to suffice
bautizar to baptize
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concluir to conclude
convertirse a to convert
deducir to deduce
desarraigar to root out
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derrotar to defeat
desembarcar to disembark
ejercer to practive
ganar la costa reach land
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rogar to beg
tomar la plaza to take the stronghold
transcurrir to pass
el acceso access
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la cobertura coverage
el cambio change
el costo cost
el derecho right
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el foco focus
las fuerzas armadas armed forces
el gobierno government
el hecho fact
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el logro accomplishment
el medico doctor
el perjuicio prejudice
el por ciento percentage
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la salud health
el seguro insurance
el sufragio suffrage
abolir abolish
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autorizar authorize
cubrirse to be protected
debilitarse to become weak
desmantelar to dismantle
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disminuir to diminish
estar obligado a to be forced
firmar to sign
implementar to implement
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quedarse en to remain
reconocer recognize
servir como to serve as
tomar posesion to claim
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elegido elected
interino interim
igualatorio equal
minoritario minority
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restringido restricted
el combate battle
la comunidad community
la danza dance
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el dato data
el encuentro encounter
el enfrentamiento confrontation
el espectaculo show, spectacle
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el estado state
la fiesta festivity
el/la indigena native
la lucha struggle
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la mascara mask
el moro Moor
la obra work
el/la personaje character
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el turco Turk
aparecer to appear
conviver coexist
enfocarse en focus on
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faltar to emphasize
interesarse por to be interested in
montar to stage
originar to originate
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representar to represent
saber seguro to know for sure
suponer to suppose
conocido known
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llamativo impressive
a bordo on board
a causa de owing to
a medida que as
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a nado by swimming
a poco mas de a little over
como consecuencia de owing to
debido a owing to
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en todo momento always
en vias de desarollo developing
por consiguente consequently
tanto...como both...as well as
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ya que owing to
el ambiente ambiance
el apuro hardship
el capricho whim
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el consumo consumption
el crecemiento growth
la cuenta bancaria bank account
la empresa company
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el encuestado person surveyed
el entorno surrounding
el estado animico morale
el lujo luxury
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la percepcion perception
el promedio average
el quebradero de cabeza headache
el valor value
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anteponer to giver preference
apreciar to appreciate
asegurar to assure
dar valor to value
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restaurar to restore
sobresalir stand out
valorar to value
desfavorecido disadvantaged
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estable stable
generacional related to generations
laboral related to work
primordial essential
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valorado valued
los alrededores surrounding area
la aventura adventure
el clima climate
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el comportamiento behavior
el destino destination
el entretenimiento entertainment
la excursion excursion
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el extranjero foreigner
la gastronomia gastronomy
el habitante inhabitant, resident
la mezcla mix
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la muestra sample, sign
la prenda garment
la red network
alcanzar reach
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celebrar to take place
comportarse to behave
elaborar to make
evitar to avoid
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fundar to found
negociar negotiate
provenir to come from
situar to be located
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sobrevivir survive
antiguo old
calido hot
emocionante exciting
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medio average
poblado populated
situado located
tursitico related to tourists
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la aceptacion acceptance
la afinidad affinity, connection
el codigo code
la cosmovision world view
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la empatia empathy
el gesto gesture
la interaccion interaction
el malentendido misunderstanding
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el sentimiento feeling
el ser humano human being
comun common, mutual
dispuesto ready, willing
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diverso diverse
incomodo uncomfortable
interpersonal interpersonal
mutuo mutual
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ofensivo offensive
propio of one's own
verbal verbal
acercarse to approach, get clost
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adaptarse to adapt
conpartir share
demostrar demonstrate
enfrentarse to confront, face
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fijarse pay attention
insertarse to become part of
recalcar to stress, emphasize
respetar to respect
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a traves de through
darse a respetar to garner respect
es de esperar it's to be expected
formar parte (de) to be a part of
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ponerse alerta to be on alert
present subjunctive conjugation start with yo drop the -o ending add for AR: e, es, e, emos, en add for ER: a, as, a, amos, an
past perfect conjugation había habías había habíamos habían
imperfect conjugation AR: aba, abas, aba, abamos, aban ER: ía, ías, ía, íamos, ían
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when to use preterit single events occurring during a specific period of time repetitive actions chain of events state the beginning or end of an action/event
when to use imperfect background info telling time stating one's age actions that are not seen as completed
ser vs estar estar - condition/HOW something or someone is/location/things taking place right now/temporary states ser - essential characteristic/WHAT someone or something is/ events/professions/posession/permanent traits/nationality/tel
verb changes after dijo que present --> imperfect preterite --> pluperfect (habia visto) command --> past subjunctive imperfect --> imperfect
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soler to be used to
comprabar to check
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 acontecimientoevent
 ballenawhale
 beneficiobenefit
 calentamiento globalglobal warming
 capa de ozonoozone layer
 deforestaciondeforestation
 el/la indigenanative
 el maltratomaltreatment
 el montewoodland
 la multafine
 el paisajescenery
 el respetorespect
 gratuitamenteunwarranted
 contaminarto contaminate
 cuidarto care for
 desaparecerto disappear
 funcionarto function
 habitarto reside
 prohibirto prohibit
 reciclarto recycle
 regalarto make a present of
 respetarto respect
 sucederto happen
 ambientalenvironmental
 contaminantecontaminating
 ecologico/aecological
 habitacionalliveable
 hibrido/ahybrid
 urbano/aurban
 la campanacampaign
 el/la consumidor/aconsumer
 el contenedorcontainer
 la empresacompany
 el/la fabricantemaker
 la fronteraborder
 el mercadomarket
 la necesidadneed
 la publicidadpublicity
 el recursoresource
 la tecnicatechnique
 el tratadotreaty
 adecuarto accomodate
 colocarto place
 depender (de)to depend (on)
 eliminarto eliminate
 implementarto implement
 lograrto achieve
 venderto sell
 comercialcommercial
 empresarialbusiness
 establecido/aestablished
 el/la abogado/alawyer
 el/la alcalde/samayor
 el ayuntamientocity hall
 el/la cuidadano/acitizen
 el derechoright
 la fuentesource
 la justiciajustice
 la leylaw
 la manifestacionprotest
 el manifestomanifest
 el porcentajepercentage
 la promesapromise
 afirmarto state
 cumplirto fulfill
 desarrollarseto develop
 detenerto stop
 divertirto entertain
 entristecerto sadden
 exigirto demand
 explotarto explode
 malinterpretarto misinterpret
 suprimirto suppress
 tomar concienciato become aware
 allegado/aclose
 civico/acivic
 entrevistado/ainterviewed
 firmado/asigned
 juridico/alegal
 perjudicialdamaging
 previsto/aforeseen
 respetuoso/arespectful
 aunquealthough
 no solo...sinonot only...but
 por otra parteon the other hand
 por todo ellobecause of it all
 por una parteon one hand
 por ultimolastly
 possible situationsi + present + present/future
 less possiblesi + past subjunctive + conditional
 impossiblesi + pluscuamperfecto + conditional perfect
 future conjugation endings é
ás
infinitive + á
emos
án
 conditional conjugation endings ía
ías
infinitive + ía
íamos
ían
 past subjunctive conjugation endings a
as
3rd person plural (ellos) + a
amos (accent on vowel before)
an
 conditional perfect conjugation endingshabría
habrías
habría + ADO/IDO
habríamos
habrían
 pluscuamperfecto subjuntivo conjugacionhubiera
hubieras
hubiera + ADO/IDO
hubiéramos
hubieran
 quienfollows a preposition or a comma
 queno preposition
 el/la/los/las quefollows a preposition
 lo quethe thing that
that which
 para el/la quefor whom I...
 a el/la queto whom I...
 irregular future/conditional verbscaber - cabr poder - podr
poner - pondr querer - querr
decir - dir tener - tendr
haber - habr valer - valdr
salir - saldr venir - vendr
hacer - har saber - sabr
 irregular pastponer - puse poder - pude
saber - supe querer - quise
hacer - hice/hizo venir - vine
decir/traer - dije/traje ir/ser - fue
tener/estar/andar - tuve/estuve/anduve
dar - di
 past conjugation endingsAR ER/IR
é í
aste iste
ó ió
amos imos
aron ieron

 present perfect conjugationhe
has
ha + ADO/IDO
hemos
han
 irregular participlesabrir - abierto escribir - escrito
cubrir - cubierto ver - visto
descubrir - descubierto romper - roto
morir - muerto decir - dicho
poner - puesto hacer - hecho
resolver - resuelto
volver - vuelto
 la barbillachin
 la cejaeyebrow
 las faccionesfeatures
 la frenteforehead
 la morfopsicologiamorphopsychology
 la mandibulajaw
 el pechochest
 el pomulocheekbone
 el rostroface
 el/la triunfador/avictor
 la voluntadwillpower
 delatarto betray
 desenvolverseto interact
 disfrutarto enjoy
 enrojecerseto blush
 paracer to seem
 soportarto bear
 abombadoconvex
 afectivoaffective
 alargadoenlongated
 almendradoalmond-shaped
 amplioample
 anchowide
 calvobald
 canosogray-haired
 celosojealous
 carnosofleshy
 comodonlazy
 cuadradosquare
 curvadocurved
 debilweak
 despejadoopen
 emprendedorenterprising
 hundidosunken
 indolentelaid-back
 infatigabletireless
 ingenuonaive
 marcadomarked
 morenodark
 palidopale
 pobladothink
 prominenteprominent
 proximonear, next
 puntiguadopointed
 rectostraight
 redondeadorounded
 retraidothin
 rizadocurly
 rosadorosy
 saltonbulging (eyes)
 separadowide-set
 sincerosincere
 solitariosolitary
 tenaztenacious
 torpeclumsy
 despiertoawake/alert
 exigentedemanding
 interesadointerested, selfish
 listoready, clever
 orgullosoproud
 vivoalive, astute
 xenofoboxenophobic
 la cercaniaproximity
 las costumbrescustoms
 la creenciabelief
 la vision (limitada)perspective (limited)
 el Kalimochowine with coke
 deprimirto depress
 derribarto tear down
 madurarto mature
 prejuzgarprejudge
 promoverpromote
 el bisturiscalpel
 la cirugiasurgery
 la dictaduradictatorship
 la farandulashow biz
 el milagromiracle
 el rasgotrait
 el/la seguidor/afollower
 el tejidotissue
 esteticoaesthetic
 fisicophysical
 patenteevident
 animarencourage
 convertirse enun cambio que tiene que ver con magia o transformacion
 corregirse correct
 destacarto emphasize
 hacerseun cambio que esta relacionado con la edad, la ideologia, o la profesion
 llegar a serun cambio que se consigue despues de mucho trabajo y esfuerza
 mejorarto improve
 ponerseun cambio que esta relacionado con el aspecto fisico o el estado de animo de una persona; se us con adjetivo(s)

temporary/traits
 prevenirto prevent
 quedarseun cambio que expresa una privacion de algo que antes se tenia

without something
 rellenarto fill
 retirarto remove
 volverseun cambio en la personalidad o en la actitud de una persona, casi siempre duradero

in the long run
 actualmente currently
 discreparto disagree
 estoy totalmente en contrai'm completely against
 no digo quei'm not saying that
 estoy de acuerdoi agree
 inerrumpo un segundo paraallow me to interrupt
 no lo tengo muy clarai'm not real sure
 el alfilerstraight pin
 la alimentacionwood
 el armaweapon
 el asombroastonishment
 la barcaboat
 el/la cautivo/acaptive
 la colatail
 la canarianative of the Canary Islands
 el gusanilloworm
 la heridainjury
 la lengualanguage
 la maquinamachine
 el naturalnative
 el piojolice
 el pobladosettlement
 la senalsign
 el siervoservant
 la tierra firmeland
 agotarseto run out of
 aproximarseto draw near
 bastarto suffice
 bautizarto baptize
 concluirto conclude
 convertirse ato convert
 deducirto deduce
 desarraigarto root out
 derrotarto defeat
 desembarcarto disembark
 ejercerto practive
 ganar la costareach land
 rogarto beg
 tomar la plazato take the stronghold
 transcurrirto pass
 el accesoaccess
 la coberturacoverage
 el cambiochange
 el costocost
 el derechoright
 el focofocus
 las fuerzas armadasarmed forces
 el gobiernogovernment
 el hechofact
 el logroaccomplishment
 el medicodoctor
 el perjuicioprejudice
 el por cientopercentage
 la saludhealth
 el seguroinsurance
 el sufragiosuffrage
 abolirabolish
 autorizarauthorize
 cubrirseto be protected
 debilitarseto become weak
 desmantelarto dismantle
 disminuirto diminish
 estar obligado ato be forced
 firmarto sign
 implementarto implement
 quedarse ento remain
 reconocerrecognize
 servir comoto serve as
 tomar posesionto claim
 elegidoelected
 interinointerim
 igualatorioequal
 minoritariominority
 restringidorestricted
 el combatebattle
 la comunidadcommunity
 la danzadance
 el datodata
 el encuentroencounter
 el enfrentamientoconfrontation
 el espectaculoshow, spectacle
 el estadostate
 la fiestafestivity
 el/la indigenanative
 la luchastruggle
 la mascaramask
 el moroMoor
 la obrawork
 el/la personajecharacter
 el turcoTurk
 aparecerto appear
 convivercoexist
 enfocarse enfocus on
 faltarto emphasize
 interesarse porto be interested in
 montarto stage
 originarto originate
 representarto represent
 saber seguroto know for sure
 suponerto suppose
 conocidoknown
 llamativoimpressive
 a bordoon board
 a causa deowing to
 a medida queas
 a nadoby swimming
 a poco mas dea little over
 como consecuencia deowing to
 debido aowing to
 en todo momentoalways
 en vias de desarollodeveloping
 por consiguenteconsequently
 tanto...comoboth...as well as
 ya queowing to
 el ambienteambiance
 el apurohardship
 el caprichowhim
 el consumoconsumption
 el crecemientogrowth
 la cuenta bancariabank account
 la empresacompany
 el encuestadoperson surveyed
 el entornosurrounding
 el estado animicomorale
 el lujoluxury
 la percepcionperception
 el promedioaverage
 el quebradero de cabezaheadache
 el valorvalue
 anteponerto giver preference
 apreciarto appreciate
 asegurarto assure
 dar valorto value
 restaurarto restore
 sobresalirstand out
 valorarto value
 desfavorecidodisadvantaged
 establestable
 generacionalrelated to generations
 laboralrelated to work
 primordialessential
 valoradovalued
 los alrededoressurrounding area
 la aventuraadventure
 el climaclimate
 el comportamientobehavior
 el destinodestination
 el entretenimientoentertainment
 la excursionexcursion
 el extranjeroforeigner
 la gastronomiagastronomy
 el habitanteinhabitant, resident
 la mezclamix
 la muestrasample, sign
 la prendagarment
 la rednetwork
 alcanzarreach
 celebrarto take place
 comportarseto behave
 elaborarto make
 evitarto avoid
 fundarto found
 negociarnegotiate
 provenir to come from
 situarto be located
 sobrevivirsurvive
 antiguoold
 calidohot
 emocionanteexciting
 medioaverage
 pobladopopulated
 situadolocated
 tursiticorelated to tourists
 la aceptacionacceptance
 la afinidadaffinity, connection
 el codigocode
 la cosmovisionworld view
 la empatiaempathy
 el gestogesture
 la interaccioninteraction
 el malentendidomisunderstanding
 el sentimientofeeling
 el ser humanohuman being
 comuncommon, mutual
 dispuestoready, willing
 diversodiverse
 incomodouncomfortable
 interpersonalinterpersonal
 mutuomutual
 ofensivooffensive
 propioof one's own
 verbalverbal
 acercarseto approach, get clost
 adaptarseto adapt
 conpartirshare
 demostrardemonstrate
 enfrentarseto confront, face
 fijarsepay attention
 insertarseto become part of
 recalcarto stress, emphasize
 respetarto respect
 a traves dethrough
 darse a respetarto garner respect
 es de esperarit's to be expected
 formar parte (de) to be a part of
 ponerse alertato be on alert
 present subjunctive conjugationstart with yo
drop the -o ending
add for AR: e, es, e, emos, en
add for ER: a, as, a, amos, an
 past perfect conjugationhabía
habías
había
habíamos
habían
 imperfect conjugationAR: aba, abas, aba, abamos, aban

ER: ía, ías, ía, íamos, ían
 when to use preteritsingle events
occurring during a specific period of time
repetitive actions
chain of events
state the beginning or end of an action/event
 when to use imperfectbackground info
telling time
stating one's age
actions that are not seen as completed
 ser vs estarestar - condition/HOW something or someone is/location/things taking place right now/temporary states

ser - essential characteristic/WHAT someone or something is/ events/professions/posession/permanent traits/nationality/tel
 verb changes after dijo quepresent --> imperfect

preterite --> pluperfect (habia visto)

command --> past subjunctive

imperfect --> imperfect
 solerto be used to
 comprabarto check
36, "/var/app/current/tmp/"